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An __ must be used on all incidents that involve more than just ____ unit so that safety, accountability, and operations can be controlled efﬁciently.
Command, or incident management, is the art of _____ and _____ the personnel and equipment resources assigned to, or requested to assist in, the control of an incident. Having such a system helps the incident commander keep a manageable ______.
- span of control
Typically, a span of control involves supervising anywhere from ____ to ___ people (with ____ being the rule of thumb).
The use of a single incident commander (IC) is a must for the operation to be ______ and effective.
Without on IC and IMS an operation can and will ________.
It is very important that the IC not become _______ in the operation.
NFPA 1561, ____________________.
Stan-dard on Fire Department Incident Management Sys-tems .
The purpose of any command system is to provide structure, ______, and the inte-gration of ________, which in turn increases the level of a ﬁre ﬁghter’s _____.
(part of NFPA 1561)
- risk management
The ________ has adopt-ed this standard as its model ( NFPA 1561 standard of IMS).
(part of NFPA 1561)
United States Department of Homeland Security (DHS)
___________ helps maintain constant awareness of the location and function of personnel and helps keep track of all personnel who may enter or leave the hazard area.
(part of NFPA 1561)
The components of the system must include and describe the duties and functions of the IC, _________, and planning, ______, opera-tions, staging, and ___________.
(NFPA 1561, Standard on Emergency Services Incident Management System) .
- command staff
- ﬁnance/administration personnel
It is essential that any management system, and especially one that will be used in joint operations by many diverse users, establish common terminology for the following elements:
Organizational functions . A standard set of major functions and functional units must be predesignated and named for the IMS.
Resource elements .Resources refer to the com-bination of personnel and equipment used in tactical incident operations.
Facilities . Common identiﬁers must be used for those facilities in and around the incident area that will be used during the course of the incident. These facilities include com-mand post, incident base, staging areas, and so forth.
Any resource that var-ies in capability because of size or power—for example, helicopters, engines, or rescue units—must be clearly ____ or _____ as to capability.
Operations section chief
_____ (if needed) ---|
Branch A ____
Figure 3-4 Basic IMS.
The following are exam-ples of situations for which written action plans should be used:
2.• Several jurisdictions are involved.
(Incident Action plan)
• Resources from multiple agencies are being used.
• The incident will require changes in shifts of personnel and/or equipment.
Fireground Command utilized three basic levels:
1. Strategic . This was the role of the IC. At this level, the incident goals and objectives were developed, priorities were set, resources were allocated, and control of the overall incident was maintained.
2. Tactical . In the Fireground Command sys-tem, a sector ofﬁcer was assigned to speciﬁc operational areas by the Commander. The sector ofﬁcer directly supervised an area to ensure tactical objectives were carried out and communicated with the IC.
3. Task . This was the company level, where the physical functions took place to produce the desired outcome and meet the desired objec-tive. Company ofﬁcers would report to the Commander or sector ofﬁce
In 1980, federal ofﬁcials transitioned IMSs into a national program called the ____________ (NIIMS),
National Interagency Inci-dent Management System
NIIMS consisted of ﬁve major sub-systems that collectively provided a total systems approach to incident management.
1. The Incident Command System (ICS) included operating requirements, interactive components, and procedures for organizing and operating an on-scene management structure.
2. Training was standardized and supported the effective operation of NIIMS.
3. The qualiﬁcations and certiﬁcation system provided for personnel across the nation meeting standard training, experience, and physical requirements to ﬁll speciﬁc positions in the system.
4. Publications management included develop-ment, publication, and distribution of NIIMS materials.
5. Support technologies included satellite remote imaging, sophisticated communications sys-tems, geographic information systems, and so on, which supported NIIMS operations.
Attack group ____________ Division C
Figure 3- 5 An IMS organizational chart for a room and contents ﬁre.
- Ventilation group
The beneﬁts of NIMS are:
- • Standardized organizational structures, processes, and procedures
- • Standards for planning, training, and exercising
- • Personnel qualiﬁcation standards
- • Equipment acquisition and certiﬁcation standards
- • Interoperable communications processes, procedures, and systems
- • Information management systems with a commonly accepted architecture
- • Supporting technologies such as voice and data communications systems, information systems, data display systems, and specialized technologies
- • Publication management processes and activities
NIMS breaks down incident management into ﬁve manageable functions that are essential for emer-gency response operations:
(COP Love Fighting Africans)
- logistics, and ﬁnance