Card Set Information
final study set
Pentamidine is a(an)
inhaled pentamidine is indicated for
prevention of pcp
the trade name for aerosolized pentamidine is
Pentamidine can be administered by which of the following routes?
The approved dose of pentamidine by aerosol for prevention of Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP) is:
300 mg, once every 4 wks
Pentamidine is administered by aerosol with which nebulizer?
The mode of action of pentamidine is:
Local airway side effects of aerosolized pentamidine include which of the following?
shortness of breath
Systemic side effects of aerosolized pentamidine can include which of the following?
Ribavirin is classified as a (an)
The trade name for ribavirin is
Ribavirin is active against which of the following
herpes simplex virus
The normal dose of ribavirin administration is
20 mg/ml nebulized for 12 to 18 hrs per day, for 3 to 7 days
the small particle aerosol generator (spag) unit operates on what principle?
The nebulizer used to aerosolize ribavirin is the
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) can cause which of the following?
A drug that is used to prevent serious lower respiratory tract infections with RSV in children under 24 months of age is
RSV-IGIV would be used to
Prevent RSV infections
The disease that aerosolized antibiotics have been most consistently used for is:
The aminoglycoside antibiotics are effective in treating:
Relenza is an
A patient with Pneumocystis pneumonia has been systemically treated for the infection, without success. You recommend aerosolizing:
Which of the following drugs is available in a DPI
Tobramycin is a member of which antibiotic group?
The simplest and most common method of preparing bacteria for examination and indentification is
The gram stain
The most common pathogens responsible for community-acquired pneumonia include which of the following?
A drug that inhibits the growth of bacteria is called
A bactericidal agent would
MRSA and VRE are example of
Resistant bacterial pathogens
Penicillins exert their pharmacological activity by:
Inhibiting cell wall synthesis
The natural penicillins are primarily effective against
Gram-positive bacteria and anaerobes
The most common adverse reaction to penicillin is
Aminoglycosides are used primarily for
Ventiliator-associated pneumonias have been successfuly treated with:
Aminoglycosides, such as tobramycin, have been aerosolized specifically for the treatment of
Tetracyclines are effective against which of the following?
The antibiotic used to treat Pneumocystis carinii(jiroveci) infections is
Nosocomial transmission of tuberculosis can be prevented by:
Placing patients in respiratory isolation
Isoniazid would be indicated to treat
The major adverse reaction to antimycobacterial agents such as isoniazid and rifamplin is
The treatment of choice for pulmonary infections such as aspergillosis, histoplasmosis, and coccidioidomycosis is
A major toxic effect of amphotericin B administration is
Which group of antibiotics is effective against P. aeruginosa lung infections in CF when take orally
A patient with HIV has been diagnosed with PCP You are asked to recommend an antibiotic. You would suggest:
All of the following are antimycobacterials used to treat TB except
The term common cold refers to
a nonbacterial infection of the upper respiratory tract
In cold remedies sypathomimetics are use for their:
Repeated application of adrenergic agents by nasal spray can result in
Rebound nasal congestion
An important mediator of local inflammatory responses is:
A wheal and flare reaction is characterized by which of the following?
Welt formation, local redness, local swelling
regulate gastric acid secretions
Receptors located on nerve endings, smooth muscle, and glandular cells that are involved in inflammation and allergic reactions are:
The typical antihistamine found in common cold medications is a(n)
Tagamet and Zantac are example of
First generation antihistamines can cause which of the following?
Drying of upper airway secretions, sedation, decrease rhinitis, decreased sneezing, drowsiness
Agents that facilitate removal of mucus by lysing action are called
Expectorant agents that increase the production and clearance of mucus secretions are termed:
Stimulant expectorants work by which of the following mechanisms?
Vagal gastric reflux stimulation , direct stimulation of glands in the respiratory tract, topical stimulation
Expectorants include which of the following?
The active ingredient in Robitussin is
The defense mechanism to protect the upper airway from irritants is the
Cough suppressants act by
depressing the cough center in the medulla
using OTC compounds to treat the common cold presents the risk of
overuse and abuse
Treatment of the common cold is basically
What type of drug do you use to dry up a runny nose in a common cold?
What receptor site would be targeted for the antihistamine ranitidine (Zantac)
What type of drug could be used to help stimulate secretion removal in a common cold?
A fellow student tells you that he has a dry hacking cough that keeps him up at night. You would recommend that he take a
Which of the folowing is a stimulant expectorant
Which of the following may be prescribed as a sleep aid?
Diphenhydramine HCI (Benadryl)
Which of the following should not be given to a patient who is coughing up copious amounts of sputum?
Zanamivir would be indicated for