Chapter 4

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  1. The incident commander is responsible for the overall incident management, from ______ to______ , regardless of the phase of the incident.
    • beginning
    • completion
  2. Because of their chemical and physical properties, fires usually behave in the _______; therefore, certain behaviors—for example, ______can be expected.
    • same manner
    • fire spread
  3. _________ is based on prior understanding and knowledge. When responders from different departments, and sometimes different agencies, combine into the incident management system, there is no room for error due to lack of _________ of codes or signals. p.74
    • communications
    • understanding
  4. In step__ in the communications model, the sender formulates an idea to be conveyed to others. The idea must be ____ and ____, and in the case of fire scene communication, relatively brief. p.75
    • 1
    • clear and concise
  5. Step _  in the communications model is the sender actually sending the message. The sender must first get the receiver’s attention and then convey the information. In the fire service, this is commonly accomplished via the ____. p.75
    • 2
    • radio
  6. Step __ is the message being transferred through a medium. The medium can be __, visual, or ____. p.76
    • 3
    • oral
    • writ-ten
  7. Step __ is the receiver receiving the message, which immediately leads to step __, message interpretation. For the receiver to understand the message in the intended manner, the receiver must have _________ and experience to understand the message.
    • 4
    • 5
    • background knowledge
  8. Step __ is the receiver providing feedback to the sender that ensures that the message has been received and understood. p.76
  9. All the information needed for size-up can fit neatly into three areas: p.76
    the environment in which the incident occurs, the resources available, and the conditions or the situation
  10. The ______ in which the incident takes place includes the construction features of the fire build-ing or, in the case of a wildland fire, the ______ where the fire occurs. It also includes factors of time, weather, fuel load, height, area, building occupancy, and access to the fire area. p.77
    • environment
    • terrain
  11. In evaluating the______, the number of person-nel, type of equipment, and need for specialized equipment are determined.p.77
  12. Conditions/Situation 

     As a part of size-up, the fire fighter must consider the conditions and the current situation. Basically, this analysis should answer four questions:
    • What is on fire,
    • where is the fire now,
    • where is it going,
    • what harm has it caused or will it potentially cause
  13. Three separate functions come under the heading of incident priorities: These func-tions should be the driving force for all incidents and the ___ items considered by the IC. Not only should they be considered first, they must be _____evaluated until the incident terminates.
    • life safety,
    • incident stabili-zation,
    • property conservation
    • first
    • con-stantly
  14. Regardless of the extent of activity necessary, the IC must have life safety as the _______ priority at all times, at every incident.
  15. The first priority at any incident is maximizing ______. The second incident priority is the activities that are performed in order to solve the problem or bring the situation____ _____, stopping further damage. The third and last priority involves the activities performed to reduce the ______ ____ caused by the incident.
    • life safety
    • under control
    • property loss
  16. Generally an _________  would be consid-ered an interior fire attack with handlines in the building and allows for several strategic goals to be accomplished.
    offensiv attack
  17. ________ is employed when the volume of fire does not permit an ______ attack.
    • A defensive attack
    • offensive
  18. Generally, _______ indicates a write-off of the fire building.
    a defensive attack
  19. Defensive attacks are usually accomplished with ____  exterior streams and _______.
    • large-caliber
    • large handlines
  20. One reason to change operational modes might be a change from_____operations to property conservation.  Another might be a switch from offensive to _______because the _____ actions are not controlling the fire.
    • life-saving
    • defen-sive
    • offensive
  21. The third priority involves the activities performed to reduce the property loss caused by the incident.  In the firefighting arena these activities are often called ____ and _____ or loss control.
    salvage and overhaul
  22. REVAS
    rescue, evacu-ation, ventilation, attack, salvage
    rescue, exposure, confinement, extinguishment, overhaul, ventilation, salvage
  24. REEVAS
    rescue, evacuation, emergency care, ventilation, attack, and salvage
  25. The NFA course Hazardous Materials Operating Site Prac-tices lists eight strategic goals for hazardous materi-als operations:

    isolation, notification, identification, protection, spill control, leak control, fire control, and recovery and termination
  26. The NFA course Hazardous Materials Operating Site Prac-tices lists eight strategic goals for hazardous materi-als operations:

    isolation, notification, identification, protection, spill control, leak control, fire control, and recovery and termination
  27. _____ factors help to determine the strategic goals that need to be implemented or that can be implemented.
  28. _______ is a strategic goal that can satisfy one or more of the incident priorities.
  29. _____ ___ are designed to meet the incident pri-orities; ______ objectives are more specific functions designed to meet strategic goals.
    • Strategicgoals
    • tactical
  30. Just as strategic goals satisfy incident priorities and ________satisfy strategic goals , _______ satisfy tactical objectives. Tactical meth-ods are the processes employed at the task level
    • tactical objectives
    • tactical methods
  31. The ______ should all be given consideration at every fire; how-ever, the tactical objectives could change based on____and the situation.
    • strategic goals
    • size-up
  32. There is often more than one tactical objective for ____; there is often more than one_______ for each objective.
    • each goal
    • tactical method
  33. In the Plan of action  the _____ determines the complexity of the action plan.
  34. The ______ is developed after the size-up, or information-gathering process, and gives consideration to the strategic goals and tactical objectives that have been identified.
    action plan
  35. Once identified, the goals and objec-tives must be communicated to the______ fire fighters.
  36. The action plan organizes the course of action designed to bring the incident to _____.
  37. In developing the action plan, the IC must consider not only the goals and objectives required but also department _____.
  38. The action plan must be fully communicated to all personnel at the scene. This can be accomplished by several means:
    Face-to-face communicationThis method is the most effective; often, however, time does not allow for this type of exchange.

    Use of aides or runners. Aides or runners can assist with action plan communication via face-to-face communication.

    Radio communication. The action plan and the assignment of objectives can be com-pleted via radio

    Written plan. Although often reserved for com-plex or long-duration incidents, the action plan can be written with specific assignments
  39. The RPD model implies that a fire-ground commander in almost 9 out of 10 cases does not make a decision based on a selection of choices, but rather based on _______.
    previous experience
  40. what does (RPD) mean.
    recognition-primed decision making
  41. The importance of postincident in by pointing out the those areas of ______ and allows for future correction.
  42. The RPD process is being replaced in the fire service curricula by what the NFA teaches in its Command and Control curriculum as   _________ (NDM)   .
    naturalistic decision making
  43. The NDM theory is that the IC will use infor-mation based on sight, to assist___ and ____ in identifying what is occurring
    sound, and odor
  44. The classical decision-making model is based on a four-step process by which ICs can make their decision.
    1. Aim is what the IC wants to accomplish

    2.   Factors   are anything that affect the decision-making process. Critical fire-ground factors include trapped people, rapidly spreading fire, frozen hydrants, and so on. 

    3.  Courses   are the options an IC has to accom-plish the aim.

    4.  Plan   (action plan) is the course of action that best fits the situation.
  45. The most important factor for any incident command decision maker is to develop a _______to evaluate the incident.
    logical thought process
  46. The only factors that never change in regard to incident command decision making are the incident priorities:
    • • Life safety
    • • Incident stabilization
    • • Property
  47. The National Fire Protection  Association (NFPA) has set a standard categorization for each type, listed in NFPA 220,   Standard on Types of Building Construction:

    WHO Never F
    • • Type V: Frame (wood)
    • • Type IV: Heavy timber
    • • Type III: Ordinary
    • • Type II: Noncombustible
    • • Type I: Fire
Card Set:
Chapter 4
2015-07-07 21:52:48
coordination and control
cap test
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