Lt Exam.txt

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izzick
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Lt Exam.txt
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Notes for Lt. exam
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  1. WALLACE WAS HOT
    Water
  2. WALLACE WAS HOT
    Area
  3. WALLACE WAS HOT
    Life
  4. WALLACE WAS HOT
    Location/extent
  5. WALLACE WAS HOT
    Apparatus/personnel
  6. WALLACE WAS HOT
    Construction
  7. WALLACE WAS HOT
    Exposures
  8. WALLACE WAS HOT
    Weather
  9. WALLACE WAS HOT
    Auxilliary appliances (standpipes, sprinklers..)
  10. WALLACE WAS HOT
    Special hazards
  11. WALLACE WAS HOT
    Height
  12. WALLACE WAS HOT
    Occupancy
  13. WALLACE WAS HOT
    Time
  14. RECEO VS
    Rescue
  15. RECEO VS
    Exposure
  16. RECEO VS
    Confinement
  17. RECEO VS
    Extinguishment
  18. RECEO VS
    Overhaul
  19. RECEO VS
    Ventilation
  20. RECEO VS
    Salvage
  21. Classical Methodology/Command Sequence

    GADDSI
    Gather information
  22. Classical Methodology/Command Sequence

    GADDSI
    Analyze information
  23. Classical Methodology/Command Sequence

    GADDSI
    Determine present problems and select and prioritize those problems
  24. Classical Methodology/Command Sequence

    GADDSI
    Determine and prioritize possible solutions (objectives and strategies)
  25. Classical Methodology/Command Sequence

    GADDSI
    Select tactics from one or more possible solutions
  26. Classical Methodology/Command Sequence

    GADDSI
    Issue directives to implement tactics
  27. Command Sequence Action

    Size-up
    Result: Problem identification
  28. Command Sequence Action

    Strategy and Tactics
    Result: Action Plan
  29. Command Sequence Action

    Implementing Action Plan
    Result: Tasks
  30. NFPA 1500
    Standard on Fire Department Occupational Safety and Health Program
  31. NFPA 1521
    Standard for Fire Department Safety Officer Professional Qualifications
  32. NFPA 1581
    Standard on Fire Department Infection Control Program
  33. NFPA 1403
    Standard on Live Fire Training Evolutions
  34. NFPA 1982
    Standard on Personal Alert Safety Systems for Firefighters
  35. NFPA 1561
    Standard for Fire Department Incident Management System
  36. NFPA 14
    Standard for the Installation of Standpipe and Hose Systems
  37. NFPA 25
    Standard for the Inspection, Testing, and Maintenance of Water-based Fire Protection Systems
  38. NFPA 101
    Life Safety Code
  39. Plantiff
    Party (claimant/complainant) who initiates lawsuit
  40. Defendant
    Person/institution against whom action is brought; person being sued or accused
  41. Liability
    State of being legally obliged and responsible
  42. Tort
    Civil wrong or breach of duty to another person
  43. Proximate Cause
    Effective/primary cause of loss/damage or an unbroken chain of events between the occupancy and resulting damage
  44. Negligence
    Failure to exercise the same care that reasonable, prudent, and careful person would under the same or similar circumstances
  45. Malfeasance
    Commission of an unlawful act; committed by a public offical
  46. Misfeasance
    Improper performance of a legal or lawful act
  47. Nonfeasance
    Failure to act when under an obligation to do so; refusal (w/out sufficient cause) to do that which is a legal duty
  48. Standard of Care
    Level of care a reasonable person would use under similar circumstances; standard of behavior upon which the theory of negligence is based
  49. Sovereign Immunity
    Doctrine that the federal, state, or local gov. Is immune to lawsuit unless it gives its consent
  50. Vicarious Liability
    Situation that occurs when one person is held responsible for the actions/inactions of another individual; also applies to liability of organization for actions/inactions of employee
  51. CFR
    • Code of Federal Regulations
    •  - 50 titles
    •  - Title 29 Hazmat
  52. Who regulates EMS providers?
    U.S. Department of Transportation
  53. CFR 29
    Regulations to protect safety and health including firefighters
  54. CFR 29 1910.120
    Hazmat
  55. CFR 29 1910.134
    Operations that require the use of respiratory protection when working in IDLH
  56. CFR 29 1910.146
    Operations in confined spaces, tanks, bins, grain elevators, trenches, elevator shafts, or collapsed structures
  57. CFR 40
    Environmental Protection Agency
  58. Civil Rights Act of 1964
    • Title VII - eliminated discrimination on basis of race, color, national origin, religion, and sex
    •  - 1967 ages 40-70 added
    •  - 1978 pregnancy added
  59. EEOC
    • Equal Employment Opportunity Commission
    •  - created by Civil Rights Act
  60. EEOC protected classes
    • Race
    • Color
    • Creed
    • Religion
    • Ancestry
    • National origin
    • Sex
    • Marital status
    • Age
    • Disability
    • Veteran status
  61. Affirmative Action
    • Actions to increase number of women and minorities hired into jobs formerly occupied only by white males
    •  - EEOC's first action
  62. 4 Primary reasons for Employment Discrimination
    • Disparate Treatment
    • Adverse Impact
    • Sexual Harassment
    • Reasonable Accommodation
  63. Exempt from ADA
    • Federal government
    • Native American tribes
    • Private clubs
  64. Industry standard
    Procedures and criteria recognized as acceptable practices by peer professional, credentialing, or accrediting organizations
  65. ANSI
    American National Standards Institute
  66. ASTM International
    Develops testing processes that are used by other testing organizations
  67. UFC
    Unified Facilities Criteria - facilities on military bases are subject to UFC requirements
  68. SCC
    Standards Council of Canada
  69. Three most common forms of communication
    • Informal interpersonal
    • Formal oral
    • Written
  70. Six Basic Elements of Interpersonal comms
    • Sender
    • Message
    • Medium/channel
    • Receiver
    • Interference
    • Feedback to sender
  71. Message transmission
    • Auditory
    • Visual
    • Tactile
    • Olfactory
    • Gustatory
    • Gestural
    • Or combination of the above
  72. 5 General Purposes of Interpersonal Communication
    • Learning
    • Relating
    • Influencing
    • Playing
    • Helping
  73. Words as symbols characteristic

    Arbitrary
    Word may not mean the same to all people
  74. Words as symbols characteristic

    Ambiguous
    Words meanings are not specific/do not have agreed upon definitions
  75. Words as symbols characteristic

    Abstract
    Meanings are generalizations rather than concrete/tangible meanings
  76. Guidelines to improve verbal skills
    • Engage in dual perspective
    • Take responsibility for personal feelings and thoughts
    • Show respect for feelings and thoughts of other person
    • Try to gain accuracy and clarity in speaking
    • Be aware of any special needs of receiver
    • Avoid speaking/addressing a problem while angry/emotional
  77. Elements of Nonverbal Clues:

    Kinesics
    Body motion and position
  78. Elements of Nonverbal Clues:

    Paralanguage or vocalics
    Vowel sounds or tones used to create verbal message
  79. Elements of Nonverbal Clues:

    Self-presentation
    Clothing, touch, use of time, and control of speakers environment
  80. Main elements of Kinesics
    • Eye contact
    • Facial expression
    • Gestures
    • Posture
    • Poise
  81. Six Basic Emotions
    • Happiness
    • Sadness
    • Surprise
    • Fear
    • Anger
    • Disgust
  82. 5 Different Uses of Gestures in Communications
    • Emblems
    • Illustrators
    • Affect displays
    • Regulators
    • Adaptors
  83. 7 Basic Elements of Speech Communication Process
    • Sender
    • Receiver
    • Message
    • Medium or channel
    • Feedback
    • Context
    • Interference (or noise)
  84. Characteristics of Effective Speakers
    • Audience-centered
    • Good development of ideas
    • Good organization of ideas
    • Best choice of words
    • Good delivery skills
    • Good research skills
    • Appropriate use of humor
    • Critical thinking skills
  85. 3 Types of formal speeches
    PIE
    • Persuasive
    • Informative
    • Entertainment
  86. Monroe's Motivated Sequence Pattern
    • I. Attention
    • II. Need
    • III. Satisfaction
    • IV. Visualization
    • V. Action
  87. Informative Speech Topics
    • Ideas
    • Objects
    • Procedures
    • People
    • Events
  88. Principles to convey the informative message
    • Adapt the topic to the audience
    • Motivate the audience to listen to the speech
    • Use redundancy
    • Use simple-is-better concept
    • Organize topic in logical manner
    • Use clear transitions to move listener thru topic
    • Use both verbal and nonverbal reinforcement of ideas
    • Use an even flow to deliver info
    • Build on the familiar
    • Use visual aids
  89. 6 Steps for Successful Reports
    • Make immediate statement of purpose
    • Explain how info that report is based upon was gathered
    • Present possible solutions to situation
    • Tell specific benefits for and effects on audience
    • Anticipate any objections/questions that might arise
    • Provide written copy of report to audience
  90. 5 Basic Formats of Speech Organization
    • Chronological
    • Topical
    • Spatial
    • Causal
    • Problem/Solution
  91. Delivery of Speech
    • Extemporaneous delivery - preferred method
    • Memorizing text
    • Impromptu delivery
    • Reading text
  92. 5 Elements of Nonverbal Communication
    • Eye contact - most important
    • Facial expressions
    • Gestures
    • Posture
    • Poise
  93. Budget Systems
    • Line-item budgeting
    • Zero-based budgeting (ZBB)
    • Matrix budgeting
    • Program budgeting
    • Performance budgeting
    • Planning programming budgeting system (PPBS)
  94. Budget Process
    • Planning
    • Preparing
    • Implementing
    • Monitoring
    • Evaluating
    • Revising
  95. NFPA 1983
    Standard on Fire Service Life Safety Rope and Equipment for Emergency Services
  96. NFPA 1852
    Standard on Selection, Care, and Maintenance of Open-Circuit Self-Contained Breathing Apparatus (SCBA)
  97. NFPA 600
    Standard on Industrial Fire Brigades
  98. NFPA 1081
    Standard for Industrial Fire Brigade Professional Qualifications
  99. NFPA 1201
    Standard for Providing Emergency Services to the Public
  100. 4 Step Method of Instruction
    • Preparation
    • Presentation
    • Application
    • Evaluation
  101. Methods of Company Level Training
    • Presentation
    • Discussion
    • Demonstration
    • Practical Training Evolution
  102. Standing Plan
    Develop policies, procedures, and rules that are used frequently
  103. Single-Use Plan
    Accomplish a specific objective; short period of time
  104. Strategic Plan
    • Chart the course of organization over indefinite future that is divided into definite time components
    • What the organization will do
  105. Operational/administrative Plan
    Focus on how objectives will be accomplished as opposed to strategic plans that focus on what organization will do
  106. Contingency Plan
    Alternative plans that can be implemented in the event of uncontrollable circumstances
  107. 5 Step Planning Process
    • Identify
    • Select
    • Design
    • Implement
    • Evaluate
  108. 6 Steps of Conflict Resolution
    • Classify/identify problem
    • Define/diagnose problem
    • List alternative options
    • Determine right response/appropriate conflict management style
    • Convert decision to action
    • Test action against desired outcome
  109. Conflict Management Styles
    • Avoiding Conflict
    • Accommodating Conflict
    • Forcing Conflict
    • Negotiating Conflict
    • Collaborating Conflict
  110. 3 Levels of Progressive Discipline
    • Preventive Action
    • Corrective Action
    • Punitive Action
  111. Norris - La Guardia Act
    • Yellow-dog contracts unenforceable
    • Made it impossible for employers to obtain court order to prevent a strike/protest demonstrations
  112. National Industrial Recovery Act (NIRA)
    • Guaranteed unions the right to conduct collective bargaining
    • Later voided by US Supreme Court (1935)
  113. Wagner - Connery Act
    • Introduced in place of NIRA
    • Allowed workers to decide who would represent them in bargaining process
    • Established National Labor Relations Board
    • Defined unfair labor practices
    • Prohibited management from interfering w/employees who tried to organize
    • Required management to bargain w/recognized union
    • Outlawed yellow-dog contracts
  114. Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA)
    • Guarantee workers in private sector would receive overtime pat @ 1 1/2 times normal rate for hours over 40 in 1 week
    • Did not apply to state and local public employees till 1985
    • Defines exempt and nonexempt employees
  115. Taft - Hartley Act
    • Modified Wagner Act
    • Union representation - gives workers the right to choose not to join union
    • Unfair labor practices - Protects employees from being pressured by unions to join
    • Bargaining procedures - 60 renewal of contract if negotiations stall
    • Regulation of unions' internal affairs - union info available to federal government
    • Strikes during national emergency -
  116. Landrum - Griffin Act
    (Labor-Management Reporting and Disclosure Act)
    • Union member bill of rights
    • Disclosure report - union assets, names and personal assets of union officers
    • Guidelines for min requirements for elections and responsibilities of union officers
    • Taft-Hartley Act Amendments - restricts secondary boycotts, union security (mandatory membership), recognition of picketing
  117. Five Step Planning Process
    • Identify
    • Select
    • Design
    • Implement
    • Evaluate
  118. Preincident Planning Functions
    • 1. Develop positive relationships w/building owners/occupants
    • 2. Conducting preincident survey
    • 3. Manage preincident data
    • 4. Develop preincident plan
  119. NFPA 1620
    Recommended Practice for Pre-Incident Planning
  120. NFPA 220
    Standard on Types of Building Construction
  121. Type I Construction
    Noncombustible or limited combustible materials
  122. Type II Construction
    Structural members w/lower fire resistance than Type I;
  123. Type III Construction
    Exterior walls and structural members made of Noncombustible or limited combustible materials; Ordinary construction
  124. Type IV Construction
    Heavy timber
  125. Type V Construction
    Entirely or partially of wood or other approved combustible material
  126. International Building Code (IBC)
    Five types of construction; I - V each with two subcategories;
  127. IBC Type I Construciton
    • Noncombustible
    • Type IA - 3 hour; 2 hr floor; 1 1/2 roofs
    • Type IB - 2 hr; 2 hr floor; 1 hr roof
  128. IBC Type II Construction
    • Referred to as 1 hr building (walls and floors)
    • Type IIA - requires Noncombustible elements of steel, concrete, masonry
    • Type IIB - requires approved Noncombustible but materials used may have no assigned fire-resistive rating
  129. Roof Types
    • Flat
    • Pitched
    • Arched
    • Concrete
    • Metal
  130. Dead Load
    • Permanent building components
    • Water tanks, air-conditioning equipment, antennas ect..
  131. NFPA 704 Health (Blue)
    • 0-minimal hazard
    • 1-slight hazard
    • 2-moderate hazard
    • 3-serious hazard
    • 4-severe hazard
  132. NFPA 704 Flammability (Red)
    • 0-will not burn
    • 1-must be preheated to burn
    • 2-ignites when moderately heated
    • 3-ignites at ambient temperatures
    • 4-flammable gases, volatile liquids, pyrophoric materials
  133. NFPA 704 Instability (Yellow)
    • 0-normally stable
    • 1-normally stable, but becomes unstable if heated
    • 2-violent chemical change possible at elevated temp and pressure
    • 3-capable of detonation/explosive decomposition w/strong initiating source
    • 4-capable of detonation/explosive decomposition at ambient conditions
  134. NFPA 704 Special Hazards (White)
    • W - reacts with water
    • OX - oxidizer
  135. Biological Hazard
  136. Chemical Hazard
  137. Nuclear/Radiological Hazard
  138. Carcinogen/Cancer Hazard
  139. NFPA 204
    Standard for Smoke and Heat Venting
  140. Curtainboards
    • Concentrate heat and smoke directly below automatic roof vents
    • Extend a distance equal to at least 20% of vertical distance from floor
    • Not lower than 10'
  141. UFADS
    Under Floor Air Distribution System
  142. Items that should be included on plot plan
    • Exterior FDC and standpipe connections
    • Pressure reducing valves
    • Yard hydrants
    • Sprinkler control and shutoff valves
    • Types and quantity of spare sprinkler heads
    • Fire pumps
    • Fixed monitors and deluge devices
    • Tanks containing extinguishing agents such as foam
    • Interior standpipe connections and hose cabinets
    • Types and sizes of standpipe hose connections
    • Fire detection and alarm control panels
    • Self-closing fire doors
  143. General Types of Drawings
    • Plot plan - how building are situated
    • Floor plan - layout of individual floors, subfloors, and roofs
    • Elevation - show side view of structures that depict number of floors and grades
  144. 5 Cs's of Radio Communication
    • Conciseness
    • Clarity
    • Confidence (Command presence)
    • Control
    • Capability
  145. Command
    • Directing, ordering, and controlling resources
    • Overall command of incident
  146. Command Staff
    • Public Information officer
    • Safety officer
    • Liaison officer
  147. General Staff
    Incident management personnel who represent major functional sections
  148. Section
    • Organizational level having responsibility for major functional area
    • Operations
    • Planning
    • Logistics
    • Finance/Administration
    • Information and Intelligence (may be w/in operations or part of command staff)
  149. Branch
    • Organizational level having functional/geographic responsibility
    • Located between Section and Division/Group
  150. Division
    • Organizational level having responsibility for ops w/in defined geographic area
    • Between Branch and Single Resource, Task Force, or Strike Team
  151. Group
    Level equal to division; having responsibility for specified functional assignment w/out regard for geographic area
  152. Unit
    Level w/in sections that fulfills specified support

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