botany test 3

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botany test 3
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2015-07-30 09:56:27
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  1. True / false

    Potato is a root and sweet potato is a stem
    false

    potato is a stem 

    sweet potato is a root
  2. Kale, cabbage, broc., cauliflower, Brussel sprouts, kohlrobi, turnips, mustards

    which six come from one species of the brassicaceae family?
    kale, cabbage, broccoli, cauliflower, brussel sprouts, kohlrobi
  3. mustard family name? old and new?
    brassicaceae [new]

    crucifiera  [old]
  4. sunflower family name old and new?
    asteraceae [new] / compositae [old]
  5. endive lettuce belongs to which genus?

    aster
    brassica
    chichorium
    lactuca
    chichorium
  6. Spinach has high iron but chemically bonded to _____  _____ and we cannot break down the iron [test question]
    calcium oxalate
  7. Solanum tuberosum 
    what's this?
    potato
  8. an underground storage stem?
    Tuber
  9. where does the Irish potato come from?

    south america
    north america
    ireland
    Europe
    South America
  10. An event that happened when fungus destroyed the potato crops in weeks and millions died of starvation or left Ireland.
    Irish potato famine
  11. A method used to stomp on potatoes to extract water so that the potato starch could be stored for a long period of time.{test}
    chuno
  12. Ipomoea Batatas?
    sweet potato
  13. true / false

    Sweet potatoes are not yams {test}
    true
  14. sugar cane is not a perenial plant in Louisiana?

    True / False
    true
  15. Sugar cane
    what is family and genus?
    • Poaceae family
    • Saccharum genus
  16. primary reason to burn cane ?
    • to reduce the amount of rufage to pick up
    • to concentrate the sugars inside the stem
  17. Sweet feed is the crystaline sugars remaining from the grinding process of cane?
    True / False
    False

    it is the molasses and not the crystalines
  18. Is more sugar produced from beets or canes?
    Beets
  19. what is Beta Vulgaris  and what varieties belong to this Genus?
    • Common beet
    • sugar beets
    • swiss chards
    • common beets
  20. What is a Dioscorea?
    yam
  21. This root is highly prized in South East Asia, what is its scientific name?
    Dioscorea {yam}
  22. name of the acid in the skins of yams?
    oxalic acid
  23. what is the scientific name for the most important root throughout the world that is cultivated in the tropics and native to South America? [test question]
    • manihot esculenta
    • yucca root or cassava
  24. Root the is highly toxic and native to south america _________.
    yucca root or cassava
  25. The building in (what country)________ is how many football fields that houses the flower trading market?

    Sweden
    Finland
    Holland

    100
    200
    150
    • Holland
    • 200
  26. what was the name of the potato that ireland grew?


    Humper
    Lumper
    dumper
    stumper
    lumper
  27. Leading exporter of black pepper?

    US
    Europe
    Brazil
    Asia
    brazil
  28. most important spice in worldwide use?

    salt
    saffron
    black pepper
    aregano
    black pepper
  29. black or white pepper is made from the entire fruit of the plant?
    black pepper
  30. the 2 islands that cultivated nutmeg?

    Hawaii and phillipines
    australia and new zealand
    Trinidad and Grenada
    japan and hawaiii
    Trinidad and Grenada
  31. What spice is sometimes used as a drug that causes hallucinations?

    Mace
    pepper
    aragano
    nutmeg
    nutmeg
  32. what spice was known to have magical or medicinal purposes?

    black pepper
    nutmeg
    mace
    saffron
    nutmeg
  33. Most labor expensive parts of producing vanilla is __________ the flower.[test question]

    cutting 
    pruning
    pollinating
    pollinating
  34. What is imitation vanilla made of?

    fermented leaves
    fermented wood
    fermented orchids
    fermented vanilla beans
    fermented wood
  35. This spice is found throughout American tropics?

    Salix
    allspice
    vanilla
    allspice
  36. Allspice is named after the smell of what 3 spices?  

    cinnamon, cloves, nutmeg
    vanilla, cloves, cinnamon
    nutmeg, cloves, vanilla
    cinnamon, cloves, nutmeg
  37. What plant was used to chew on to relieve minor aches and pains?

    willow
    poppy
    cannibas
    willow (salix)
  38. Who is the father of medicine?
    Hippocrates
  39. Who is the father of botany?
    theophratus
  40. 1st person to record technical features of plants and descriptions?
    Theophratus
  41. Salisidic acid comes from the willow, what is the willows scientific name?
    Salix
  42. Theophratus was a military physician in the roman army that wrote a 5 vol. book De Materia Meidca and is known as the father of pharmacology.

    T / F
    False 

    Dioscorides
  43. This person was famous during da Vinci's time and claimed that God placed signs on plants to signify what they could be used for medicinally?

    Dioscorides
    Theophratus
    Paracelsus
    Paracelsus
  44. Father of Phramacology?
    Dioscorides
  45. Name the six categories of compounds in medicinal plants.
    • fatty acids
    • gums
    • resins
    • oils
    • alkaloids
    • steroids
  46. 2 primary reasons psycho-active plants are used:
    • religion
    • medical use
  47. T  /  F

    China is the origin of marijuana?
    true
  48. What 4 needs of cannabis did people us it for:

    get high
    correct spiritual imbalances
    durable fibers
    nutritious seeds
    oils
    to sooth pain
    • durable fibers
    • nutritious seeds
    • oils
    • correct spiritual imbalance
  49. who was given credit for maximizing the psycho-active ingredient in marijuana?

    chinese
    india (dot not feather)
    native americans
    British
    India
  50. what is the single most profitable plant in CA and 2nd most in US?

    Vanilla
    Marijuana
    coconut
    marijuana
  51. What is the sweet milk based drink laced with weed and used as a hospitality drink called:

    Zang
    Bhang
    Dang
    Fang
    Munchies
    Bhang
  52. T / F
    it is the male part of the weed plant that contains THC?
    False

    female
  53. The term __________ comes from cooking the resin and getting concentrated THC.
    hash
  54. Who popularized the smoking of pot in regions of Africa?

    Cheech and Chong
    Chinese
    India
    Dutch
    Dutch
  55. Marijuana

    New or old world
    old
  56. Louisiana and Mississippi were the 1st states to ban marijuana for racial reasons?


    T / F
    • False
    • Texas and Louisiana
  57. The primary reason for bringing marijuana to the new world was to cultivate ________.
    hemp
  58. Papaver is the scientific name for ______ which is used to make __________.
    poppy;  opium
  59. This plant is used to induce sleep and relieve pain.  Greeks referred to it as the joy plant.

    marijuana
    poppy
    erythoxylem
    poppy
  60. The god of sleep was named after the poppy plant because is contains morphine and codiene.  what is the name?
    Morpheus
  61. What 2 alkaloids are found in the opium poppy that are both commonly used today?
    • morphine 
    • codiene
  62. morphine and codeine are :

    fats
    oils
    gums
    resins
    alkaloids
    alkaloids
  63. Poppy plant originated in china and spread to Turkey.

    t  /  f
    false

    started in Turkey and spread to china
  64. This became an important trade item that the British set up ____plantations in India to be closer for transport to China.
    opium
  65. T  /  F  

    There were 2 wars over the drug opium.
    true
  66. What is the name of the concoction of alcohol and opium?

    Erythoxylem
    Laudanum
    Pepto
    80/20
    Laudanum
  67. T   /  F

    Morphine is 20x's more potent than opium.
    false

    10x's
  68. T  /  F

    The addictive properties of morphine were discovered due to the civil war and the soldiers being treated with it.
    True
  69. T  /  F

    Chemist were able to make morphine less addictive.
    False

    made is more addictive and discovered Heroin
  70. The name Erythoxylem coca means:

    red wood
    white wood
    chocolate 
    native of the Andes
    red wood
  71. Cocaine comes from the Andes mountains?

    T  /  F
    True
  72. The natives of the Andes chew the leaves of Erythoxylem daily to get high?

    T  /  F
    False

    the chewing of the leaf will not get you high but does provide some stimulation to enable them to work at the high elevations of the mountains
  73. Who promoted the use of cocaine to treat alcoholism, depression, and as a local anesthetic?

    Morpheus
    Linnaeus
    Sigmund Freud
    Hippocrates
    Sigmund Freud
  74. T  /  F

    Coca Cola was originally used as a headache medicine containing caffeine and cocaine.
    True
  75. This is a soft body fleshy cactus native to north Mexico
    peyote
  76. Who was granted permission to harvest and use peyote in their church rituals by the Supreme Courts.
    native Americans
  77. T  / F

    Peyote cactus grows above ground in a desert environment.
    • False 
    • grows underground
  78. Tricolor

    What family?
    Ipomoea
  79. What plant is the original source of LSD compound?

    Willow
    Morning Glory
    Nicotiana tabacum
    Morning Glory
  80. The morning glory never became popular because it was hard to grow.

    T  / F
    • False
    • the seeds contain different amounts of compound and you could easily overdose
  81. the willow was never a popular plant and use was restricted to certain individuals in a society such as a witch doctor. 

    T /  F
    • False 
    • the Morning glory
  82. the compound in the morning glory is contained in the ______ of the fruit.
    seeds
  83. This plant is native to the Americas and was used to subdue hunger pangs.

    Willow
    poppy
    cannabis
    cactus
    Nicotiana tabacum
    nicotiana tabacum
  84. Nicotine is a :

    Fatty acid
    gum
    resin 
    alkaloid
    alkaloid
  85. T  /  F

    tobaccos claim to fame is it has had the greatest worldwide impact than any other plant
    True
  86. Perigue tobacco is widely cultivated in the Americas

    T  /  F
    • False
    • only in Louisiana
  87. _______named nicotine after Jean Nicot since he was so famous for growing this plant.

    Theophratus
    Hippocrates
    Sigmund Freud
    Liinneaus
    linneaus
  88. Nicotine is a central nervous system depressant.

    T  /  F
    False

    stimulant
  89. What three beverages contain caffeine naturally?
    • coffee
    • tea
    • chocolate
  90. What chemical invigorates you, increases HR, Increase acidity in stomach, increase metabolic functions 10%?
    Caffeine
  91. Genus name for coffee?
    Coffea Arabica
  92. Coffee is ___ only to oil in terms of its trade value?

    1st
    2nd 
    3rd
    2nd
  93. People of ___were the first to brew coffee.

    Britain
    Arabia
    china
    United States
    Arabia
  94. T / F
    People of Arabia monopolized the coffeee industry by dipping the whole beans in cold water to sterilize them?
    False

    Hot water
  95. who broke the monopoly on coffee?

    English
    India
    Ethiopia
    Dutch
    Dutch
  96. T  / F
    Coffee is native to Ethiopia
    True
  97. T / F

    One coffee tree from Paris was brought to the Hawaii and 50 years later there were 10000's
    • False 
    • Island of Martinique
  98. T  / F
    coffee is a tropical plant that likes the heat?
    • False
    • likes cool tropics
  99. Currently who is the leader in coffee production?

    Brazil
    England 
    America
    Arabia
    Brazil
  100. The fine line of temperatures from dark to light roast coffee is 25°F?

    T  / F
    • True 
    • 400 liight - 425 dark
  101. Decaffeinated coffee was discovered due to a chemist's fathers death.  Decaffeination process is done 3 ways:

    Water
    steam
    solvent - methyl chloride
    which is the most effective
    solvent
  102. T / F
    extraction of caffeine from unroasted beans and the roasting process removes any trace chemicals.
    True
  103. Theobroma cacao
    Chocolate
  104. Cocoa is the beverage made from this plant?
    Cocoa plant
  105. Cocoa plant is native to ______
    Americas (Mexico)
    England
    Carribean
    Americas
  106. Who held the monopoly on chocolate and what countries?

    America
    Mexico
    Spain
    • Spain
    • Hispanola and Trinidad
  107. who broke the monopoly on chocolate?

    English
    Dutch
    Americans
    Dutch
  108. who is the leader in choclate production today?

    America
    Africa
    Englad
    India
    Africa
  109. _____is a cauliflorious plant with fruits on its trunk.
    chocolate
  110. the seeds of this fruit have a sweet pulp around it.
    Chocolate
  111. Mola is a mexican sauce made with what?
    chocolate and red pepper
  112. 30 % of weight of a coco bean is oils and fats.

    T  /  F
    True
  113. What plant does tea come from?
    Camelia sinese
  114. Tea was an important plant to the buddist?

    T  /  F
    True
  115. Tea plants in SE asia are small and round because: 
    that's how they grow
    average asian is short and all are hand picked
    average asian is short and they are hand picked
  116. T   /   F
    the older the leaf the higher the caffeine
    • false
    • younger
  117. this tea is collected crushed, heated to prevent fermentation, dried and packaged.

    green tea
    black tea
    lipton tea
    green
  118. leaves collected, wilted, rolled and crushed, fermented, heated.  

    green tea
    lipton tea
    black tea
    black tea
  119. Only tea cultivators in the Ammericas
    Argentina
  120. Largest tea producer?

    Americas
    India
    Dutch
    England
    India
  121. A bird that flies south during winter and gets drunk on fermented fruit.
    cedar wax wing
  122. T  /  F  
    fermentation in alcohol is an endogenous chemical change
    • false 
    • true microbial fermentation
  123. _____ is the preferred choice to use in alcoholic fermentation process

    aspergillus
    yeast
    honey
    sugar
    yeast
  124. yeast consumes ___ and gives off 2 by products.
    sugar

    carbon dioxide and ethyl alcohol
  125. Alcohol content >18 % kills the yeast.

    T  /  F
    true
  126. Whiskeys and high alcohol drinks made with greater than 18% alcohol are made which 2 ways:
    distillation and fortification
  127. The ancestor of all alcoholic beverages
    mead
  128. Wine is made from grapes that are in what genus?
    vitis
  129. _____credited for making wine the way it is produced today?

    Greeks 
    Romans 
    French
    Americans
    Romans
  130. fermented fruit juice
    wine
  131. ____is a native vitis to LA that is used as root stock for fine grapes to make wine.
    mucadine
  132. drawing wine from barrel to barrel is called _____

    racking
    sacking
    filtering
    sorting
    racking
  133. white wine can be produced from red grapes by ______.
    removing the skins in the 1st fermentation step.
  134. the five ingredients for making beer:
    • water
    • barley malt
    • yeast 
    • hops
    • adjuncts
  135. 2 methods to make light beer:
    • use fewer starches in brew
    • add enzymes
  136. They use ____ and ____ to ferment sake.
    yeast and aspergillus
  137. Tequila origin is mexico

    T  /  F
    true
  138. What plant is used to make tequila
    agave
  139. King of whiskey

    bourbon
    scotch
    brandy 
    gin
    scotch
  140. rum is fermented _____
    sugarcane juice
  141. juniper berries are used to give gin a taste.

    t  /  f
    true
  142. Proof means 2x's the alcohol concentration

    t  /  f
    true
  143. Brassicaceae
    cruciferae
  144. asteraceae
    compositae [old]
  145. laminaceae [new]
    labiatae
  146. Palmae {new}
    Arecaceae
  147. Graminae {old}
    Poacea
  148. Leguminosae {old}
    fabaceae {new}
  149. kale, cabbage, broccoli, cauliflower, brussel sprouts, turnips, mustards 

    what family?
    • Mustards 
    • brassicaceae / cruciferae
  150. major cultivator of spinach?
    texas
  151. leading producer of sweet potato?
    china
  152. grinding season for sugarcane is in what month?
    october
  153. this starch is made from yucca root?
    (dessert)
    Tapioca
  154. What is the soup made from the leaves of the dasheen eddo?
    callalou
  155. tiniest of all the herbs?
    thyme
  156. Sage is a fertility drug?

    T  /  F
    True
  157. Saffron is the most expensive spice in the world because:

    the way it is harvested
    the way it is pollenated
    it only comes from the stigma of the plant
    it only comes from the stigma of the plant
  158. What islands grow nutmeg and mace?
    Trinidad and Grenada
  159. This fruit is large peach size with big seed that makes ____ and a red fleshy covering that makes ________.
    nutmeg and mace

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