chapter 1.txt

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chapter 1.txt
2015-07-09 13:21:18

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  1. A _______ is the broad, general statement or thought of what needs to be accom-plished. In the fire service, ________ are designed to meet the incident priorities of life safety, prop-erty conservation, and incident stabilization.
    • strategy
    • strategies
  2. Con-versely, _______ are the more specific functions designed to meet the strategic goals. The method used to meet the (i.e., the actual task) is therefore called the tactical method
    • tactics
    • tactic
  3. Regardless of the resources available, the ________ and _______ on the fire ground do not change.
    • strategic goals
    • objectives
  4. Numerous state and fed-eral standards, such as the Occupational Safety and Health Administration ( OSHA) Standard ______, mandate breathing apparatus to be worn in any environment that is immediately dangerous to life and health (IDLH).
  5. An agency under the United States Fire Administra-tion that develops and delivers training and educational programs for fire fighters and fire officers.
    National Fire Academy (NFA)  
  6. A nonprofit organization, established in 1896, with a goal of reducing fire and other haz-ards on a global scale. They accomplish their mission through codes and standards, public education, advocacy, professional development, information resources, and publications.
    National Fire Protection Association (NFPA)
  7. A government agency deal-ing with workplace safety and health issues. In 1997 NIOSH began to investigate fire fighter line-of-duty deaths.
    National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH
  8. A material with abrasion- and heat- resistive features used for firefighting personal protective equipment, particularly for outer shells.
  9. Personal alert devices Devices such as the Per-sonal Alert Safety System (PASS) that emit a loud alert or warning when the wearer is motionless for ____ to ____ sec
  10. An agency under FEMA and the Department of Homeland Security that directs and produces fire programs, research, and education.
    United States Fire Administration (USFA)
  11.  An area where unde-veloped land with vegetative fuels mixes with human-made structures.
    Wildland–urban interface
  12.  A type of truss construction in which the chord is the main member, either on the top or bottom, and the web is the ver-tical member.
    Chord and web
  13. An older type of wood-frame construction in which the wall studs extend vertically from the basement of a structure to the roof without any firestops.
    Balloon frame  
  14. A labor organization that represents the majority of organized fire fighters in the United States and Canada.
    International Association of Fire Fighters (IAFF)
  15. A material with abrasion- and heat-resistive features used for firefighting personal protec-tive equipment, particularly for inner clothing.
  16. Lightweight truss roofs are now common in most communities and are especially prevalent in newer construction. Lightweight trusses are usually made of _______ pieces of lumber, engineered into a series of triangles, chord and web, which create a very strong member.
    2- by 4-inch
  17. NFPA ______: Fire Department Occupational Safety and Health Pro- grams that says departments must have a fitness pro-gram.
  18. However, approximately ___ fire fighters still lose their lives each year.
  19. ________________________investigates every fire fighter death in the United States. Further, the NFA has printed a fire fighter death autopsy protocol for medical examiners to use.
    The National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH
  20. Conduct live fire training exercises in accordance with the most recent edition of NFPA _____, Standard on Live Fire Training Evolutions.
  21. Develop and maintain a comprehensive respiratory protection program that complies with NFPA ____, Standard for Fire Service Respiratory Protection Training.
  22. Ensure that all recruits meet the requirements of NFPA ____, Standard on Comprehensive Occupational Medical Program for Fire Departments, prior to entering the training program.