chapter 3

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chapter 3
2015-07-10 16:32:08

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  1. An __ must be used on all incidents that involve more than just ____ unit so that safety, accountability, and operations can be controlled efficiently.
    • IMS
    • a single
  2. Command, or incident management, is the art of _____ and _____ the personnel and equipment resources assigned to, or requested to assist in, the control of an incident. Having such a system helps the incident commander keep a manageable ______.
    • directing
    • controlling
    • span of control
  3. Typically, a span of control involves supervising anywhere from ____ to ___ people (with ____ being the rule of thumb).
    • three  
    • seven 
    • five
  4. The use of a single incident commander (IC) is a must for the operation to be ______ and effective.
    • effective
    • efficient
  5. Without on IC and IMS an operation can and will ________.
    break down
  6. It is very important that the IC not become _______ in the operation.
    actively involved
  7. NFPA 1561, ____________________.
    Stan-dard on Fire Department Incident Management Sys-tems .
  8. The purpose of any command system is to provide structure, ______, and the inte-gration of ________, which in turn increases the level of a fire fighter’s _____.

    (part of NFPA 1561)
    • coordination
    • risk management
    • safety
  9. The ________ has adopt-ed this standard as its model ( NFPA 1561 standard of IMS).

    (part of NFPA 1561)
    United States Department of Homeland Security (DHS)
  10. ___________ helps maintain constant awareness of the location and function of personnel and helps keep track of all personnel who may enter or leave the hazard area.

    (part of NFPA 1561)
  11. The components of the system must include and describe the duties and functions of the IC, _________, and planning, ______, opera-tions, staging, and ___________. 

    (NFPA 1561, Standard on Emergency Services Incident Management System) .
    • command staff
    • logistics
    • finance/administration personnel
  12. It is essential that any management system, and especially one that will be used in joint operations by many diverse users, establish common terminology for the following elements:
    Organizational functions . A standard set of major functions and functional units must be predesignated and named for the IMS.

    Resource elements .Resources refer to the com-bination of personnel and equipment used in tactical incident operations.

    Facilities . Common identifiers must be used for those facilities in and around the incident area that will be used during the course of the incident. These facilities include com-mand post, incident base, staging areas, and so forth.
  13. Any resource that var-ies in capability because of size or power—for example, helicopters, engines, or rescue units—must be clearly ____ or _____ as to capability.
    • identified
    • typed
  14. Operations section chief
    _____ (if needed) ---|
    Branch A ____
    Branch B(county)
    Branch C____
    Branch D(federal)

    Figure 3-4 Basic IMS.
    • Deputy
    • (city) 
    • (state)
  15. The following are exam-ples of situations for which written action plans should be used:
    2.• Several jurisdictions are involved.

    (Incident Action plan)
    • Resources from multiple agencies are being used.

    • The incident will require changes in shifts of personnel and/or equipment.
  16. Fireground Command utilized three basic levels:
    1. Strategic . This was the role of the IC. At this level, the incident goals and objectives were developed, priorities were set, resources were allocated, and control of the overall incident was maintained.

    2. Tactical . In the Fireground Command sys-tem, a sector officer was assigned to specific operational areas by the Commander. The sector officer directly supervised an area to ensure tactical objectives were carried out and communicated with the IC.

    3. Task . This was the company level, where the physical functions took place to produce the desired outcome and meet the desired objec-tive. Company officers would report to the Commander or sector office
  17. In 1980, federal officials transitioned IMSs into a national program called the ____________ (NIIMS),
    National Interagency Inci-dent Management System
  18. NIIMS consisted of five major sub-systems that collectively provided a total systems approach to incident management.
    1. The Incident Command System (ICS) included operating requirements, interactive components, and procedures for organizing and operating an on-scene management structure.

    2. Training was standardized and supported the effective operation of NIIMS.

    3. The qualifications and certification system provided for personnel across the nation meeting standard training, experience, and physical requirements to fill specific positions in the system.

    4. Publications management included develop-ment, publication, and distribution of NIIMS materials.

    5. Support technologies included satellite remote imaging, sophisticated communications sys-tems, geographic information systems, and so on, which supported NIIMS operations.
  19. Command

    Attack group ____________  Division C

    An IMS organizational chart for a room and contents fire.
    • Information  
    • Ventilation group
  20. The benefits of NIMS are:
    • • Standardized organizational structures, processes, and procedures
    • • Standards for planning, training, and exercising
    • • Personnel qualification standards
    • • Equipment acquisition and certification standards
    • • Interoperable communications processes, procedures, and systems
    • • Information management systems with a commonly accepted architecture
    • • Supporting technologies such as voice and data communications systems, information systems, data display systems, and specialized technologies
    • • Publication management processes and activities
  21. NIMS breaks down incident management into five manageable functions that are essential for emer-gency response operations:

    (COP Love Fighting Africans)
    • command
    • operations
    • planning
    • logistics, and finance
    • administration.
  22. The __is responsible for all activities of the overall incident.
  23. ______ The highest level of responsibility and authority in the IMS at an incident.
  24. ____ An IMS designation used to establish and maintain a manageable span of control over a number of divisions, and groups.
  25. ______   An IMS designation responsible for operations in an assigned geographic area.
  26. • Every incident requires some form of an _____.
    action plan
  27. ______   Organizational level that has primary responsibility for one of the general or com-mand staff functions and reports directly to the incident commander.
  28. _____ Identified as having the capabili-ties and/or performance level of a given resource.  .
  29. _______  The structure used to man-age an incident involving multiple jurisdic-tions or multiple response agencies that have responsibility for control of the incident
    Unified command
  30. The _____ is responsible for many areas, beginning with the development of action 
    planning   section
  31. • A ____ is established when the manageable span of control of the number of divisions and/or groups is exceeded.
  32. • A _____ is established and named by geographic areas; for example, the third floor of a structure may be termed division
  33. • ____ are established and named by a specific function that they are to accomplish, such as a search group
  34. ______  is a combination of unlike resources, typically totaling five resources, such as two engine companies, two ladder companies, and a heavy rescue.
    A   task force
  35. ______ team   is a com-bination of five like resources, such as five engine companies or five ambulances. Both a task force and a strike team will be assigned a leader.
    a   strike
  36. When multiple agencies are involved in the mitigation of an incident, they must work together if the situation is to be handled effectively and efficiently, this is called
    unified command
  37. The use of a ______ structure makes the integration of outside agencies possible. p.62
    unified command
  38. The key to the proper implementation and utilization of an IMS is the development of ________ .
    standard operating procedures or guidelines (SOPs/SOGs
  39. ____________ are the foundation of an IMS. These guidelines spell out the standard course of action that should be taken and expected on every incident.p.62
    Standard operating guidelines (SOGs)
  40. SOGs should cover all aspects that may be encountered in an incident response, including the following:
    • • An explanation of how and by whom an IMS is initiated and implemented
    • • A definition of the incident management structure and all of its components
    • • An explanation of the dispatching and communications system (including standard terminology) Figure 3-13
    • • Descriptions of safety measures
    • • Descriptions of company functions
    • • Outlines of the guidelines for tactical priorities
    • • An explanation of how personnel account-ability is maintainedp.65
  41. Another important consideration regarding SOGs is that they require continual ____ and _____.
    review and revision
  42. 1.    You have a good background in the use of incident management systems. Which of the following documents is relevant to incident management systems?  

    A.   NFPA 1500    
    B.   NFPA 1710  
    C.   NFPA 1021
    D.   NFPA 1561    
    D.   NFPA 1561 
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  43. As you develop your organization, which of the following functions is included as part of the general staff?  

    A.   Safety  
    B.   Information  
    C.   Liaison  
    D.  Planning
    D.  Planning

    General staff is FLOP

    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  44. The system’s structure should describe implemen-tation, __________, interagency coordination, _______, training and qualifications, _________, and rehabilitation. 

    (NFPA 1561)
    • communications
    • command structure
    • personnel accountability
  45. Five staffed engine companies that were brought in as mutual aid are in the staging area. You want to put them together so they can be assigned. Together these five engines are called:  

    A.   a group. 
    B.   a division.  
    C.   a strike team .    
    D.   a task force.  
    C.   a strike team
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)