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What does the FWPCA mean to the NRC?
- 33 USC 1251
- Prohibits discharges of oil or HAZ Substances in such quantities which may be harmful, into or upon U.S. navigable waters...
- FWPCA established NRT and NRS. required the developement of regulations governing facility and vessel pollution prevention, preparadness, and response.
Clean Water ACT
- UNDER CWA the EPA set industry standards for wastewater, and water quality standards for contaminated surface water.
- made it unlawfull to discharge from a point source, into a navigable waterway without EPA permit.
- CWA established the NRC
Oil Pollutin Act of 1990
- Requires storage vessels and facilities to create a response plan for discharges. requires ACP's. established a fund for compensatory damages, and clean up costs. Established Limits of Liabilit for oil spills.
- increased OSC's authority and responsibility when responding to discharges.
- Coast Guard responsibiilies under CERCLA are contained in the NCP.
- Tax was established which has been mostly used to clean up abandoned and unused hazardous waste sites. Also known as the Suerfund which cleans up hazardous spills. CERCLA gives EPA authority to seek out RP.
Resource Conservation and Recovery Act.
- Ammended the Solid waste disposal act.
- defines and regulates the managment of solid wastes, hazardous wastes, medical wastes, and certain substances in any environment, including stored in underground storage tanks.
- Established a "Cradle to Grave" system for governing the generation, transport storage, treatment, and disosal of hazardous wastes.
- Primary goals: Protect human health and the environment. Reduce waste and conserve energy and natural resources, and reduce or eliminate the generation of hazardous waste.
Toxic Substances Control Act.
Allow EPA to regulate new commercial chemicals before they enter the market, to regulate existing chemicals (1976) when they pose an unreasonable risk to health or to the environment, and to regulate their distribution and use.
Maritimetransportation and Security Act of 2002
- Addresses Port and Waterway Security.
- U.S. Implementation of the IMO's ISPS. Requires vessels and port faciities to conduct vulnerability assessments and develo security plans. Also requires the aboce to report breaches of security, TSIs, and suspicious activities.
- Requires the establishment of comittees in all the nations ports (AMSC).
Discharges of oil in such quantities that the administrator has determinded may be harmful to the public health or welfare or environment of the unitesd states, which include violation which violate applicable water quality standards or which cause a film, sheen, sludge, or emulsion on/under the water or adjoining shorelines.
Quantities of Hazardous material which exceed those quantities set by the