final 2

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final 2
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2015-07-11 18:43:05
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final test questions 2
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  1. Explain muscle insertion
    attachments that perform the actions. such as muscle attached to skin, other muscles or more distal moveable attachment
  2. Explain muscle origin
    more fixed attachment. such as muscle to bone that acts as an anchors for movement
  3. Explain action
    what action the muscle performs
  4. What makes up the sits muscles?
    Subscapularis, infraspinatus, teres minor, supraspinatus
  5. What attaches muscles to bone?
    Tendons
  6. Can you massage someone with bruises.
    Yes, however avoid bruised area and massage proximal to that area to promote circulation toward and away from that area to speed healing.
  7. What are skeletal muscles?
    Striated, voluntary muscles attached to bone.
  8. What is fascia?
    Connective tissue that organized muscles into functional groups.
  9. What are skeletal muscles attached to?
    Bones, cartilage, tendons, ligaments, skin, and sometimes each other
  10. What is atrophy?
    Degenerative condition caused by muscle disuse. Muscle fibers shrink, blood flow decreases and muscle weakens.
  11. What is acetylcholine?
    A chemical neurotransmitter found at the myoneural junction. It excites the muscle cell to contract.
  12. Why does a therapist need to know muscles and understand them?
    To able to utilize to best techniques to relax and rejuvenate tired overworked muscles.
  13. Explain flexion and give an example.
    A bending movement that decreases the angle between two parts. Bringing hand towards shoulder.
  14. Explain extension and give an example.
    Straightening motion that increases the angle between two moving parts. Moving hand from shoulder out straight.
  15. Explain adduction?
    Moving towards the midline of the body.
  16. Explain abduction
    Moving away from the midline of body.
  17. Rotation?
    Circular motion
  18. What is the function of the circulatory system?
    Supplies the bodies cells with nutritive materials and carries away waste materials.
  19. How big is the heart?
    About the size of your fist
  20. What is the function of the heart?
    It is an efficient pump that moves a steady stream of blood through a closed vessel system.
  21. Where is the heart located?
    In the chest cavity between lungs and behind sternum
  22. Where are lymph nodes located?
    Back of the head, neck region, armpits, behind pectorals, along the blood vessels of the abdomen and pelvis, groin, backs of knees.
  23. Describe the alimentary canal.
    A long smooth muscle tube about 30 ft. long that extends from the mouth to the anus.
  24. Should a client eat before getting a massage?
    It is not suggested that a client eat a large meal right before massage but to maintain blood sugar levels, should have eaten something prior.
  25. Explain peristaltic action
    A rythmic, wavelike motion of the smooth muscle of the alimentary canal that churns and propels food through its length.
  26. What is villi
    Fingerlike projections covering the walls of the small intestine.  Blood vessels and lacteals in the villi absorb the end products of digestion
  27. What is the function of the reproductive system?
    It is the generative apparatus for organisms  to produce an organism of the same species.
  28. List the male and female reproductive organs.
    • Male- 2 testes, 2 vas deferens, 2 seminal vesicles, prostate, cowpers gland, penis
    • Female- 2 ovaries, 2 Fallopian tubes, uterus, vagina, vulva
  29. How long is a normal pregnancy?
    40 weeks or 280 days
  30. How far along should a women be in pregnancy before getting a massage?
    3 months
  31. Can a baby have a massage? If so, at what age?
    Yes, any age
  32. What questions should be asked of a pregnant women before massage?
    How far along? Any complications?
  33. What are varicose veins and how should you massage?
    Raised, blueish, protruding, bulbous. Do not massage directly on but proximal to the vein.
  34. How does lymphatic massage benefit the body?
    By increasing flow of lymph and prevents stagnation.
  35. What is the function of a vein
    Carries blood from capillaries toward the heart.
  36. Should you massage someone with varicose veins?
    Yes, but massage proximal to the veins not directly on them.
  37. What nerve regulates hearbeat?
    Vagus and sympathetic
  38. Where does oxygenated blood come from?
    Pulmonary veins
  39. What is blood made from?
    White and red corpuscles, platelets, plasma
  40. How much blood is in the body?
    About 11 pints
  41. What is the endocrine system and what is its function?
    Assists the nervous system in body processes. controls growth, development, sexual function and overall health of the body.
  42. What causes dysfunction in the endocrine system?
    Overactivity or underactivity of glands
  43. What is the master gland?
    Pituitary
  44. What is the primary function of the nervous system?
    Controls and coordinates functions of the body.  Collects sensory information, processes, integrates and initiates responses to that information.
  45. What is the CNS?
    Central nervous system. Consists of brain and spinal cord found in the cranium and vertebral canal
  46. What is the function of the autonomic nervous system?
    Regulates the actions of glands, smooth muscles and heart
  47. What is proprioception?
    Motor and sensory information signals sent to cns regarding position and rate of movement of muscles
  48. What are the divisions of the nervous system?
    CNS and peripheral
  49. Name a disease that can effect the nervous system?
    Multiple sclerosis
  50. What is the excretory system?
    System of organs in the body that eliminates metabolic waste and undigested food.
  51. What are the organs of the excretory system?
    skin, kidneys, large intestine, lungs, liver
  52. Where is bile made?
    LIver
  53. Where is bile stored?
    Gall bladder
  54. What is water retention and what could cause it?
    Body holding on to excess water. Pregnancy, heart failure, diabetes
  55. What is alveoli and its function
    Microscopic air sacs at the ends of bronchioles. Where exchange of carbon dioxide and oxygen takes place.
  56. What is the function of the respiratory system?
    Exchange of oxygen into carbon dioxide
  57. What body parts are part of respiration?
    Nose, nasal cavity, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchial tubes, lungs
  58. What is the natural breathing rate?
    14-20 breaths per minute
  59. What if a person suffers from high or low blood pressure?
    if it is uncontrolled, do not massage.
  60. What is the function of digestive system?
    Digestion and absorption.  Breaking down food into substances that can be used by cells for nourishment.
  61. What is a trigger point?
    A knot or nodule in the belly of a muscle that can be tender when digital pressure is applied
  62. How would you describe trigger point therapy to a client?
    Explain that it could cause some discomfort during the massage. Will help the muscle to relax. They may experience some soreness the next day but to drink plenty of water to flush out the toxins released and reduce soreness.
  63. Pressure points for low back
    Gluteus maximus, minimus, medius. Psoaz, quadratus lumborum, iliotibial tract.
  64. Pressure points for headache.
    Splenius capitis, SCM, scalenes, temporalis
  65. Pressure points for carpal tunnel
    Pronator teres, cervical spine, extensors, flexor digitorum, subscapularis
  66. Explain body mechanics
    Using your body in a way that makes the most efficient use of energy while protecting the body from fatigue and injury.
  67. Name two body stances and describe each one.
    • Horse. Feet straight, lined up with the edge of table, legs shoulder width or more apart, knees bent, shoulders relaxed, elbows at side.
    • Archer- One foot straight, the other perpedicular to it pointing the direction of movement. Knees bent, elbows at side, shoulders relaxed.

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