respiratory

Card Set Information

Author:
BodeS
ID:
305083
Filename:
respiratory
Updated:
2015-07-23 17:34:19
Tags:
pharmacology
Folders:

Description:
drugs, lungs, effects
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  1. albuterol
    • trade name: Proventil
    • ID: adrenergic
    • bronchodilator
    • vasodilator
    • smooth muscle relaxer
    • therapy: short acting
    • acute asthma attack
    • principle I 
    • dose: every 3 hrs
    • target: beta2-receptors in airways 
    • action: bronchodilation
    • decrease smooth muscle contraction
    • promote smooth muscle relaxtion
    • glucogenolysis
    • lungs
    • smooth muscle
    • risk: HTN
    • diabetes 2
  2. loratinide
    • trade: Claritin
    • ID: antihistamines
    • 2nd generation Benadryl
    • therapy: seasonal allergies
    • action: blocks peripheral effects of CNX Vagus
    • selective H1 blockers
    • treat symptoms
    • sneezing
    • rhinorrhea
    • nasal/ocular pruritis
    • ocular tearing/redness
    • urticaria
    • contraindication: liver disease
    • hypersensitivity
    • risk: drowsy (rare)
  3. prednisone
    • drug: corticosteroid
    • ID: glucocorticoid hormone
    • antiasthmatics
    • anti-inflammatory
    • antiallergenic
    • therapy: systemic treatment
    • acute asthma
    • principle III
    • supplement use of beta2 adrenergics
    • and of anticholingerics
    • later-end stages of COPD
    • target: Cortisol 
    • action: suppress tissue inflammation 
    • relax smooth muscle
    • increase Cortisol
    • location: tissue
    • lungs 
    • contraindicated: diabetes
    • risk: dependence
    • long term adverse effects
    • increased wound healing time
  4. epinephrine
    • trade name: Primatene Mist
    • ID: vasopressors
    • bronchodilators
    • antiasthmatics
    • adrenergics
    • route: subcutaneous [emergency] 
    • inhalent
    • therapy: asthma
    • fasting acting inhaler
    • principle I
    • dose: nebulizer
    • aerosol 
    • every 3 hrs
    • injection [emergency]
    • action: non-selective
    • beta1/beta2 adrenergic agonist
    • vasopressors
    • vasoconstriction
    • bronchodilation
    • location: heart
    • lungs
    • risk: paradoxical bronchospasm
    • tachycardia
    • abuse
  5. OTC
    over the counter
  6. ipratropium
    • trade: Atrovent
    • ID: anticholinergic
    • route: nasal inhalant
    • therapy: chronic asthma
    • COPD 
    • combo w beta2 adrenergic bronchodilators
    • supplement use with corticosteroids 
    • action: block CNX Vagus Parasympathetic 
    • suppress bronchoconstrictor activity
    • dilate smooth muscle
    • location: lungs
    • bronchi
    • bronchioles
    • risk: dry mouth
    • sore throat
  7. beclomethasone
    • trade: Vanceril 
    • ID: corticosteroid
    • antiasthmatics
    • anti-inflammatories
    • therapy: chronic asthma
    • COPD
    • prophylaxis
    • maintenance
    • principle II
    • reduce need for systemic corticoid use
    • also treats allergic rhinitis 
    • action: low systemic absorption
    • risks: minimal
    • hypersensitivity
    • thrush
  8. loratidine
    • trade: Claritin
    • ID: second generation

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