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What are the related organs of the lymphatic system?
- lymph nodes
- bone marrow
- lymphativ vessels
- peyer's patches
What is intermittent claudication?**
- leg cramps due to varicose veins, exercise etc.
- seen in smokers
What is arterial spasm *
when finger tips/toes change color when it's cold
*Venous peripheral vascular disease
edema of the legs and feet
How do you grade pulses?
- 0: absent, unable to palpate
- 1+:weaker than expected
- 2+: Normal
- 3+: Bounding
What can be some causes of edema?
- Chronic Venous Insufficiency
- Orthostatic Edema
- press over ankle and notice pitting
- 1-4 sec
What is brawny
when skin becomes brown after having edema for too long
What is lymphedema?
- WILL NOT PIT
- usually there's a blockage in the lymph nodes towards the heart
What is orthostatic edema?
standing for too long
What is CHF?
R-Side of heart cannot accept more blood
What is Homan's Sign **
- when in supine w/ knee lifted at a 90 degree angle off bed, foot flexion will cause deep calf pain
- Sign of DVT
- only accurate 35% of the time
Describe Chronic Arterial Insufficieny
- Pain: intermittent claudication
- Pulses: 0-1+
- Color: Pallor
- Temp: Cool
- Edema: Absent/mild
- Skin: loss of hair, thick toe nails
- Ulcer: if present, involves toes or points of trauma
- Gangrene: may develop
Describe Chronic Venous Insufficiency
- Pain: None
- Pulses: Normal
- Color- Normal --> Brawny
- Temp: Normal
- Edema: Present
- Skin: Brawny
- Ulcer: if present, medial ankle
- Gangrene: does not develop