Week 6- Abdomen

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Week 6- Abdomen
2015-07-12 15:58:49
Week 6- Exam 2- Abdomen
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  1. What is a common symptom of ovarian cancer?
  2. Hematemesis
    vomiting blood
  3. Visceral Pain
    When hollow organs become distended or forcefully contract
  4. Pain in the RUQ could be
    • Liver
    • GallBladder
  5. Pain at the periumbilical
    usually sm. intestine or appendix
  6. Pain in the suprapubic
    rectum, colon, bladder, uterus
  7. Describe Parietal Pain
    inflammation of the hollow or solid organs that affects the parietal peritoneum
  8. Diverticulitis can sometimes be mistaken for __
  9. What is referred pain
    • pain that originates at a different site
    • ex. post-abdominal surgery, pain in shoulders
    • left arm pain, MI or GERD
  10. What does Icetric mean?
  11. What is hematochezia?
    bloody stool
  12. What is Melena?
    Black/Tarry stool
  13. What is white/gray stool?
    can mean there is a problem with the gall bladder or liver
  14. What is the most common cause of pancreatitis?
    • gall stones
    • 2nd is alcohol
  15. What is the abdominal procedure for PE?
    • Inspect
    • Auscultate
    • Percuss
    • Palpate
  16. Where do you hear the most bowel sounds?
  17. What does hyperactive sounds mean?
    • high pitched tinkling
    • diarrhea, early obstruction
  18. What do hypoactive sounds mean?
    it's normal after surgery
  19. Where do you hear Vascular sounds?
    where the aorta biforcates, it's a common place for plaque to build up
  20. What is an epigastric systolic bruit?
  21. A diastolic and systolic epigastric bruit is a sign of what?
  22. What sounds should you hear during percussion?
  23. What is the liver span at the Midclavicular line?
  24. What is the liver span at the sternoborder?
  25. What is the test for spleen enlargement?
    • percussing
    • shouldn't hear a change in noise, shouldn't be able to feel it
  26. What is uerteral pain?
    colicy pain moves from kidneys to groin
  27. What occurs when palpating if there is peritoneal irritation?
    pt coughs and can pinpoint painful area
  28. What is rebound tenderness?
    when there is pain after pressure is released from palpation
  29. Where do most aneurysms occur?
    renal artery above umbilicus
  30. Describe signs for appendicitis
    • rebound tenderness
    • Rovsing's sign: push in LLQ and pain will be above appendix
    • Psoa's Sign: move leg, and appendix will hurt
  31. Describe signs for cholecystities
    Murphy's sign: touch point and have pt inhale, it should be painful
  32. What is borboygmus?
    Stomach rumbling