chapter 14

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Author:
mulett
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305427
Filename:
chapter 14
Updated:
2015-07-20 00:41:42
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strategiesandtactics
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Description:
Place of Assembly
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  1. The NFPA defines assembly occupancies as any place where a large number of people congregate for the purposes of:
    p.303
    entertainment, worship, meet-ings, or for awaiting transportation.
  2. categories of assembly halls are:
    p.303
    places of worship, exhibit halls, arenas, and nightclubs and showplaces.
  3. If the occupancy has the same designated use but has a load of fewer than ___ people, then it falls under a different occupancy category, such as_____.

    p.303
    • 50
    • business
  4. Hazards Encountered

    The most important factor to consider in these structures is ___ _____.

    p.304
    life safety
  5. The life hazard associated with places of assembly is a significant concern because these structures tend to be densely populated and include large numbers of people at one time. This danger is also compounded by the patrons’ ____ ____ and familiarity with the building.
    p.304
    lack of experience
  6. Some of the worst fires in U.S. history (in terms of mass casualties and deaths) have occurred in places of _____.
    assembly
  7. In emergen-cies, most people tend to respond by doing what is familiar and comfortable to them, so they tend to exit:

    .304
    using the same route they used to enter the facility
  8. The fire department must pre-establish other tactical objectives, including staging areas; mandatory _____ _____; water supplies, as well as _____ and ______ assignments; triage areas; ____ ____ ___; and clear routes in and out of the complex for medical units.

    p.306
    • meeting points
    • sprinkler and standpipe
    • helicopter landing zones
  9. The pre-establishedtactical objectives, must be ____ and ______—not just on paper, but through actual on-site drills to see how long it may take to accomplish each objective.


    .306
    rehearsed and learned
  10. Assembly occupancies can be large with ___ ____ plans. Fire fighters can easily become ____ in these buildings, especially under smoke conditions.p.306
    • odd floor
    • lost
  11. A RIC at every ____ ____ for fire fighters should be established. The IC must quickly realize the ______ needed to protect working companies who are otherwise committed.

    p.306
    • entry point
    • resources
  12. Using building ____ ______ rather than signs could help avoid this potential problem.

    p.307
    geographic identifiers
  13. The goal of evacuation is to remove the ____ ___ ___ ____or, in some cases, ____ ____of the structure, as quickly and as safely as possible.

    p.307
    • occu-pants from the entire structure
    • specific areas
  14. In some large structures the deci-sion may be made not to _____ the patrons from the building, but to move them to a safe ____ ____ __.


    p.307
    • evacuate
    • location within it
  15. Assembly structure occupants will likely have been overcome by the ____ and ___ ____ before the arrival of the first-due companies.

    p.307
    smoke and fire conditions
  16. Companies who have conducted adequate ____ ______ will know where the main exits are located, so they can remove occupants from as many exits as possible._____ ____  may involve opening as many doors as possible and pulling people from the building.


    p.307
    • preincident planning
    •  Rescue operations
  17. _____ and _____ the fire quickly greatly reduces ____ ____ hazards, which is a primary con-cern at places of assembly.

    p.308
    • Locating and confining
    • life safety
  18. Firefighting companies should not ____ ____ _____ until the fire is located.


    p.308
    commit hose lines
  19. Using ___ _____ _____ is key to extinguishing fire in places of assembly, especially in large buildings that are longer and wider than the amount of handline hose available.


    p.308
    built-in fire protection systems
  20. Fire fighters may be able to control air movement throughout the building through the :

    .p.308
    heating, ven-tilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) system
  21. The ____ ___ ____ needs to be involved in the plans review process, site visits during construction, and simulated emergency training scenarios conducted.

    p.308
    authority having jurisdiction (AHJ)
  22. Quick and effective _______ of the building must be established early in the fire scenario. _____ _______plays a critical role in ventilation operations.

    .p.309
    • ventilation
    • Preincident planning
  23. Buildings can be constructed with brick and heavy timber wood frames, such assembly halls; block and steel trusses, with large attached family centers; or they can be constructed with a basic wood frame.

    p.309
    Places of Worship   Construction
  24. Fire fighters should evaluate the ____ to determine the _____ and ____ evacuation paths for occu-pants.

    p.310
    • exits
    • quickest and safest
  25. some questions fire fighters should ask are:

    p.310

    *this is during pre-incident plannaing.
    • 1. Where do the exits channel the occupants? 2. Will the discharge of occupants interfere with fire apparatus placement or fire operations?
    • 3. Will access to the facility be compromised by vehicles exiting the parking lot(s)?
  26. Fire fighters should also evaluate the different types of fire protection and prevention systems in the building. Some questions they should ask during this process are:

    p.310
    *this is during pre-incident plannaing.
    • 1. Is the building totally or only partially sprinklered?
    • 2. Are there large, undivided public areas not equipped with sprinklers where fire can grow unchecked?
  27. Many places of worship have ___ and ____.


    p.310
    basements and lofts
  28. A ______ common fire hazard in these struc-tures is they often have open avenues for quick fire spread. Heat becomes trapped in high ceiling areas and can evolve into flashover conditions before fire fighters can feel it below.
    second

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