Registry part 4

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Author:
anatomy12
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305434
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Registry part 4
Updated:
2015-07-21 10:53:12
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xray
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xray
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  1. Conditions in which there is a lack of normal bone calcification include
     
    • osteomalacia -  is an adult condition in which new bone fails to calcify.
    • rickets - results from a deficiency of vitamin D and usually is found affecting the growing bones of young children
  2. physical changes of the elderly include what
    loss of bone calcium
  3. Moving the image intensifier closer to the patient during traditional fluoroscopy (3 things)
     
    • decreases the SID
    • decreases patient dose
    • improves image quality
  4. In what order should the following examinations be scheduled?
    Upper GI
    Intravenous pyelogram (IVP)
    Barium enema (BE)
    IVP BE then UGI
  5. A diuretic is used to
    increase urine output
  6. A drug's chemical name is called its
    ex?
    • generic name. 
    • aceteminophen
  7. what is a drugs trade name 
    trade name for acetaminophen?
    • brand name 
    • tylenol
  8. What venous device can be used for a patient requiring IV injections at frequent or regular intervals?
    Heparin lock
  9. Which of the following medications commonly found on emergency carts functions to raise blood pressure?
    Norepinephrine
  10. what is heparin used for?
    Heparin is used to decrease coagulation and often used in the cardiovascular imaging suite to inhibit coagulation on catheters
  11. A quantity of medication introduced intravenously over a period of time is termed
    an infusion.
  12. what is an iv push
    An IV push refers to a rapid injection
  13. In which of the following conditions is a double-contrast BE essential for demonstration of the condition?
    polyps and colitis
  14. Adverse reactions to high osmolality water-soluble contrast media that are classified as mild, include
    nausea and pallor
  15. An esophagram would most likely be requested for patients with which of the following esophageal disorders/symptoms?

    Varices
    Achalasia
    Dysphasia
    • varices
    • achalasia
  16. Which blood vessels are best suited for determination of pulse rate?
    Superficial arteries
  17. where is the most accurate area to to find puls with stethoscope
    apical puls at the apex of the heart
  18. List two examples of NG tubes
    • salem sump
    • levin
  19. what is swan ganz catheter used for
    catheter is advanced to the pulmonary artery and used to measure various heart pressures.
  20. What is the minumum SSD during mobile fluor
    what is minimum SSD during fixed fluor
    • 12in (30cm)
    • 15in(38cm)
  21. Abnormal accumulation of air in pulmonary tissues, resulting in overdistention of the alveolar spaces, is
    emphysema
  22. Moderate hypertension can produce damage to which of the following organ(s)
    lungs
    kidneys
    brain
    all
  23. Symptoms of inadequate oxygen supply include
    dyspnea
    cyanosis
    retraction of intercostal spaces.
    all
  24. Difficulty in breathing precipitated by stress and causing bronchospasm best describes
    asthma
  25. Skin discoloration owing to cyanosis may be observed in the
    gums.earlobes.
  26. The practice that is used to retard the growth of pathogenic bacteria is termed
    antisepsis.
  27. Fluids and medications are administered to patients intravenously for which of the following reasons?
    To promote rapid response
    To administer parenteral nutrition
    To achieve a local effect
    • To promote rapid response
    • To administer parenteral nutrition
  28. When a patient with an arm injury needs help in undressing, the radiographer should
    remove clothing from the uninjured arm first.
  29. Which of the following medications commonly found on emergency carts functions to raise blood pressure?
    Norepinephrine
  30. Proper body mechanics includes a wide base of support. The base of support is the portion of the body
    in contact with the floor or other horizontal surface.
  31. When interviewing a patient, what is it that the health care professional can observe?
    Objective signs
  32. Objective signs
  33. What is the normal amount of the BUN
    8-25mg/100
  34. Which of the following blood pressure measurements might indicate shock?
    Systolic pressure lower than 60 mmHg
  35. A patient with an upper respiratory tract infection is transported to
    the radiology department for a chest examination. Who should be masked?
    Technologist
    Transporter
    Patient
    patient - because they are capable of spreading their disease
  36. The risk of inoculation with HIV is considered high for which of the following entry sites?
    Broken skin
    Perinatal exposure
    Accidental needle stick
    • broken skin
    • perinatal exposure
  37. The radiographer must perform which of the following procedures prior to
    entering a contact isolation room with a mobile x-ray unit?
    Put on gown and gloves only
    Put on gown, gloves, mask, and cap
    Clean the mobile x-ray unit.
    put on gown and gloves only
  38. Diseases whose mode of transmission is through the air include
    TB
    mumps
    rubella.
    all
  39. Of the four stages of infection, which is the stage during which the infection is most communicable?
    Disease phase
  40. Hirschsprung disease, or congenital megacolon, is related to which of the following age groups?
    neonates
  41. To "excuse" suboptimal images, a radiographer makes a note on the
    exam requisition claiming that the patient "was uncooperative." That
    radiographer can legally be found guilty of
    libel
  42. An autoclave is used for
    steam sterilization.
  43. The infection streptococcal pharyngitis (“strep throat”) is caused by a
    bacterium
  44. Which of the following can be transmitted via infected blood?
    HBV
    AIDS
    TB
    • HBV
    • AIDS
  45. What type of precautions prevent the spread of infectious agents in droplet form?
    Airborne precautions
  46. In which of the following situations should a radiographer wear protective eye gear (goggles)?
    When performing an upper GI radiographic examination
    When assisting the radiologist during an angiogram
    When assisting the radiologist in a biopsy/aspiration procedure
    • When assisting the radiologist during an angiogram
    • When assisting the radiologist in a biopsy/aspiration procedure
  47. Which ethical principle is related to sincerity and truthfulness?
    Veracity
  48. Techniques that function to reduce the spread of microbes are termed
    medical asepsis.
  49. Examples of late effects of ionizing radiation on humans include
    leukemia
    local tissue damage
    malignant disease
    all
  50. If 600 rad or more is received as a whole-body dose in a short period
    of time, certain symptoms will occur; these are referred to as
    acute radiation syndrome.
  51. Diagnostic x-radiation may be correctly described as
    low energy, low LET
  52. Which of the following radiation exposure responses exhibit a nonlinear threshold dose-response relationship?
    1.
    Skin erythema
    2.
    Hematologic depression
    3.
    Lethality
    all

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