eng vocab 2

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eng vocab 2
2015-07-23 17:50:00
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  1. amok
    wildly, insane; without self-control
  2. grouse
  3. woebegone
    • sad or miserable in appearance.
    • A person may looks woebegone as a result of a calamity.
  4. quash
    • reject or void, especially by legal procedure.
    • cancel, reverse, rescind, repeal, revoke, retract
    • his conviction was quashed on appeal
  5. brandish
    • To brandish something is to wave it about aggressively, as one might brandish a sword or tennis racket
    • flourish, wave, shake, wield
  6. confide
    To confide in someone is to tell them something privately. We confide in people we trust.
  7. morsel
    small amount of something; a bite
  8. ovation
    enthusiastic and lengthy applause
  9. crag
    a steep or rugged cliff or rock face
  10. grotto
    a small cave
  11. preposterous
    absolutely absurd
  12. beset
    • besiege, surrounded
    • The zebra was beset by leopards
  13. manumit
    set free, emancipate
  14. meddlesome
    intrusive in a meddling or offensive manner
  15. toil
    work hard, labor
  16. inimitable
    • matchless
    • an inimitable style
  17. tenure
    • the term during which some position is held
    • incumbency, term of office
  18. phony
    • not genuine; fraudulent.
    • I thought your accent was a bit phony
    • bogus, false, fake, fraudulent, spurious
  19. impart
    • make (information) known; communicate.
    • announce, proclaim, herald, promulgate, broadcast
  20. retaliate
    • make an attack or assault in return for a similar attack
    • avenge, revenge, reprisal, retribution, vengeance
  21. propitiate
    • appease, conciliate, make up
    • the pagans thought it was important to propitiate the gods with sacrifices
  22. expenditure
    the action of spending funds; expenses
  23. incandescent
    emitting light as a result of being heated
  24. fawning
    displaying exaggerated flattery or affection; obsequious.
  25. glut
    • A glut is too much of something
    • surplus, excess, surfeit, superfluity
  26. edify
    to help someone understand; uplift
  27. treason
    • a crime that undermines the offender's government
    • treachery, disloyalty, betrayal
  28. sedition
    Sedition is the illegal act of inciting people to resist or rebel against the government in power. It's what the southern states did at the start of the Civil War.
  29. whammy
    • 1. an event with a powerful and unpleasant effect; a blow.
    • the third whammy was the degradation of the financial system
  30. relinquish
    • voluntarily cease to keep or claim; give up, renounce
    • he relinquished his managerial role to become chief executive
  31. knavery
    lack of honesty; acts of lying or cheating or stealing, dishonesty
  32. scavenge
    • search for and collect (anything usable) from discarded waste
    • If you're looking for a replacement part for a vintage car, you might scavenge at the dump for a suitable part.
  33. internecine
    destructive to both sides in a conflict
  34. ravish
    • seize and carry off (someone) by force.
    • her child was ravished from her breast
    • seize, snatch, carry off/away, steal, abduct
  35. discern
    • perceive or recognize (something)
    • I can discern no difference between the two policies
  36. detract
    • take away a part from; cut down on; make a reduction in; diminish
    • His bad manners detract from his good character
  37. flounce
    To flounce is to move in an exaggerated, emphatic way, especially if your movement expresses anger or impatience.
  38. plaintive
    expressing sorrow; mournful
  39. wheeze
    • breathing with difficulty and making whistling sound
    • the air was full of ash, and they coughed and wheezed
  40. dainty
    • 1. delicately small and pretty
    • 2. something good to eat; a delicacy.
  41. crease
    • an angular or rounded shape made by folding
    • bend, crimp, fold
  42. growl
    To growl is to make a low, guttural, aggressive sound, like “grrrrrrrrrrr.” If you’ve ever gotten too close to an angry dog, you’ve probably heard a growl
  43. muffle
    To muffle is to quiet a sound, usually by wrapping it with something. If you try to speak with a scarf over your mouth, your voice will be muffled.
  44. scald
    burn with a hot liquid or steam
  45. ordeal
    • a painful or horrific experience, especially a protracted one
    • Something kind of hard like taking a test can be an ordeal, but often an ordeal is a serious and long-lasting event, like an illness or tragedy
  46. grope
    • feel about uncertainly or blindly
    • She groped for her glasses in the darkness of the bedroom
  47. scuff
    • scrape or brush the surface of (a shoe or other object) against something
    • scrape, scratch, rub, abrade
  48. grunt
    A grunt is a short, deep sound.
  49. excruciating
    • intensely painful, agonizing, acute, intense
    • excruciating back pain
  50. grumble
    to complain about something clearly but quietly, in a low mutter.
  51. pounce
    • To pounce is to attack suddenly by leaping onto your prey. A tiger will slowly sneak up on its prey and then suddenly pounce, using speed as much as strength to make the kill.
    • swoop
  52. gunk
    unpleasantly sticky or messy substance.
  53. waggish
    humorous in a playful, mischievous, or facetious manner.
  54. premise
    • a statement that is assumed to be true and from which a conclusion can be drawn
    • the basis of a theory
  55. asunder
    into parts or pieces, apart
  56. execrate
    • curse or declare to be evil or anathema or threaten with divine punishment
    • express strong disapproval of, deplore
  57. mildew
    • a fungus that produces a superficial (usually white) growth on organic matter
    • плесен, мана
  58. fumbling
    • use the hands clumsily while doing or handling something
    • handle clumsily
  59. grovel
    get down on feet and begging for something
  60. mangle
    • When you mangle something, you completely destroy it, by ripping, cutting, crushing, or otherwise mauling it into pieces.
    • mutilate, damage
  61. discretion
    the power of making free choices unconstrained by external agencies, free will
  62. flunk
    To flunk is to do poorly on a test or in a class. One way to avoid flunking is to start studying several nights before a test.
  63. behest
    • a person's orders or command.
    • instruction, requirement, demand, insistence
  64. fidget
    • To fidget is to make little movements with your hands and feet. Even if you're nervous during your job interview, try not to fidget.
    • wriggle, squirm, twitch, jiggle, shuffle
  65. trudge
    walk slowly and with heavy steps, typically because of exhaustion or harsh conditions.
  66. abysmal
    • extremely bad; appalling.
    • awful, terrible, frightful, atrocious
  67. pestilence
    a fatal epidemic disease, especially bubonic plague
  68. tartly
    Sharp or bitter in tone or meaning; cutting.
  69. plunge
    • jump or dive quickly and energetically.
    • Joy plunged into the sea
  70. advent
    • The advent of something means that it's finally here.
    • arrival, coming
  71. unduly
    Something that is done because of an unreasonable behavior, without any sense
  72. splurge
    • 1. to indulge yourself
    • 2. be showy or ostentatious
  73. crumple
    to become wrinkled or creased.
  74. medley
    • a varied mixture of people or things; a miscellany.
    • an interesting medley of flavors
  75. tamp
    press down tightly
  76. breach
    A breach is a violation of a law, duty, or promise. If you'd contracted to mow your neighbor's lawn and don't do it, he can sue you for breach of contract. Or he can mow the lawn himself.
  77. percipient
    perceptive; insightful
  78. drawl
    speak in a slow, lazy way with prolonged vowel sounds.
  79. bewilder
    To bewilder is to amaze, baffle, dumbfound, flummox, perplex, or stupefy. When you bewilder people, you confuse them
  80. complaisance
  81. redolent
    smelling of; giving off odors
  82. contrition
    sorrow and repentance
  83. contumacious
    • stubbornly or willfully disobedient to authority.
    • Rebellious
  84. gibbering
    • making meaningless noises
    • blabber, chatter, clack, gabble
  85. confound
    • cause surprise or confusion in (someone), especially by acting against their expectations
    • confuse
  86. etymology
    the study of the origin of words and the way in which their meanings have changed throughout history.
  87. obviate
    To obviate means to eliminate the need for something or to prevent something from happening. If you want to obviate the possibility of a roach infestation, clean your kitchen regularly.
  88. throng
    A throng is a crowd of people or animals. On the crowded platform, the throng of passengers attempted to push their way into the already overcrowded subway car.
  89. amorphous
    lacking in shape
  90. frolic
    A frolic is a light-hearted, fun, often silly activity. To frolic is to cavort, romp, or run around — to have fun.
  91. strut
    swagger; show off
  92. intransigence
    • Intransigence is a stubborn refusal to change your views.
    • stubbornness
  93. quarry
    • 1. something that is hunted for food; pray
    • 2. mine for stone
  94. prescient
    • having or showing knowledge of events before they take place.
    • prophetic, predictive
  95. bard
  96. gaunt
    • (of a person) lean and haggard, especially because of suffering, hunger, or age 
    • emaciated; bony and angular
  97. ebullient
    very lively; cheerful; jovial; happy
  98. sentinel
    a person employed to keep watch for some anticipated event
  99. peripatetic
    nomadic; moving from place to place
  100. cursory
    hasty and therefore not thorough or detailed.
  101. tenuous
    flimsy, not solid, shaky.
  102. bristle
    to get angry
  103. remuneration
    payment for work done
  104. turpitude
    depravity; wickedness.
  105. plaudit
    As its sound might suggest, plaudit is indeed related to "applaud" and "applause." In fact it's really just a fancy way of saying "praise" or "acclamation."
  106. destitution
    Destitution is an unfortunate state in which a person lacks something important — like money, food, companionship, or even hope
  107. precedent
    it precedes something or serves as an example
  108. oust
    drive out or expel (someone) from a position or place.
  109. tenacious
    stubborn; resolute; holding firm to a purpose
  110. stampede
    a sudden panicked rush of a number of horses, cattle, or other animals.
  111. squabble
    A squabble is a fight but not necessarily a serious one. When we squabble, we have a little argument, probably about something not too important.
  112. jaunt
    • a short excursion or journey for pleasure.
    • trip, pleasure trip
  113. impunity
  114. vindicate
    • clear (someone) of blame or suspicion
    • hospital staff were vindicated by the inquest verdict
  115. flail
    To flail means to wave around wildly.
  116. emanate
    When you use the word emanate, you're usually talking about lights, sounds or unseen forces coming out of a specific source. If you hear creepy sounds emanating from an old house, that might mean it's haunted.
  117. husk
    shell, hull, pod, case
  118. lurch
    To lurch is to suddenly move — usually forward. If you are on a ship that lurches a lot during a storm, you may find your body lurching in one direction and your stomach going in the opposite one.
  119. extricate
    If you need to be untangled, set free or otherwise released from something or someone, you need to be extricated.
  120. translucent
  121. commend
    • praise formally or officially
    • he was commended by the judge for his courageous actions
  122. recuperate
    To recuperate is to get something back that you have lost — could be good health, or money lost in a bad investment. When you recuperate, you heal and recover.
  123. heady
    extremely exciting as if by alcohol or a narcotic
  124. tantrum
    • an uncontrolled outburst of anger and frustration, typically in a young child
    • He has temper tantrums if he can't get his own way.
  125. scrubby
    • wretched; shabby
    • Scrubby tufts of grass.
  126. compulsion
    • the action or state of forcing or being forced to do something; constraint
    • The payment was made under compulsion.
  127. compulsorily
    • Obligatory; required
    • A compulsory examination
  128. purport
    • claim to be, profess to be, pretend to be
    • Use purport when you want to convince people about something that might not be true, like when you purport that the dog ate your homework.
  129. revelry
    Revelry is a wild, fun time. If you enjoy the revelry of a New Year's Eve party, you might pay for partying hard the next day.
  130. recede
    • go or move back or further away from a previous position
    • the flood waters had receded
  131. dissidence
    protest against official policy; dissent, disagreement
  132. wean
    To wean yourself from something is to gradually eliminate that thing from your life; disengage
  133. rapacious
    • aggressively greedy or grasping.
    • greedy, avaricious, acquisitive, covetous
  134. clutter
    litter, mess up, disarrange
  135. stint
    • limitation of supply or effort; skimp
    • A habit that is intrinsic to parsimonious type of people
  136. jubilation
    Jubilation is a happy word. Where there is jubilation, there are laughter, smiles, laughs, joy, and gladness.
  137. morbid
    • of the nature of or indicative of disease
    • The treatment of morbid obesity
  138. expiate
    Expiate means to make amends or atone for a wrong you or someone else has committed.
  139. conceal
    When you conceal something, you are keeping it from being discovered
  140. allude
    suggest or call attention to indirectly; hint at
  141. abjure
    Abjure means to swear off, and it applies to something you once believed.
  142. surreptitious
    using secretive method
  143. herd
    A herd is a bunch of animals, or — people who act like a bunch of animals. It's also a verb — when people herd animals, they try to keep them moving in the same direction
  144. writhe
    • to twist in pain; suffer acutely 
    • He writhed in pain as the dentist pulled his molar free.
  145. prudent
    wise, judicious, sagacious, sage, shrewd
  146. excoriate
    • 1. censure or criticize severely.
    • 2. tear or wear off the skin or make sore by abrading
  147. preamble
    A preamble is a brief introduction to a speech, like the Preamble to the Constitution that starts out "We the People of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union...do ordain and establish this Constitution."
  148. reproach
    to express disapproval; criticize
  149. rescind
    • revoke, cancel, or repeal (a law, order, or agreement)
    • The government eventually rescinded the directive.
  150. premonition
    • feeling about future event
    • He had a premonition of imminent disaster.
  151. exile
    the state of being barred from one's native country, typically for political or punitive reasons; banish
  152. indict
    to charge, especially  with a crime
  153. hackneyed
    phrase or idea that have been overused
  154. lurk
    To lurk is to creep around, hide out, and wait to attack.
  155. ingratiate
    • to gain the favor of another by effort.
    • He quickly ingratiated himself with his new boss.
  156. contiguous
    • sharing a boundary; adjacent 
    • Illinois and Indiana have contiguous borders.
  157. deteriorate
    become progressively worse
  158. digress
    deviate, go off on a tangent, get off the subject
  159. contingency
    • A contingency is an event you can't be sure will happen or not.
    • eventuality, incident, occurrence, juncture,possibility
  160. flick
    • a sudden sharp movement.
    • jerk, snap, flip, whisk
  161. sophistry
    • the use of fallacious arguments, especially with the intention of deceiving
    • a fallacious argument.
  162. sordid
    Filthy, morally degraded
  163. supplicate
    ask or beg for something earnestly or humbly.
  164. aptitude
    a natural ability to do something.
  165. repentance
    sincere regret or remorse
  166. profuse
    exuberantly plentiful; abundant
  167. profligate
    recklessly extravagant or wasteful in the use of resources.
  168. recrudescent
    breaking out afresh or into renewed activity; revival or reappearance in active existence.
  169. alias
    false name or identity
  170. repine
    feel or express discontent; fret.
  171. scoff
    speak or laugh at someone or about something in a scornfully derisive or mocking way.
  172. jolt
    push, thrust, jar, bump, knock, bang
  173. quibble
    An utterly trivial objection or criticism.
  174. induct
    • admit (someone) formally to a position or organization.
    • Some schools induct only students who meet their pre-entrance standards.
  175. expulsion
    the action of depriving someone of membership in an organization
  176. relish
    to enjoy
  177. assuage
    make (an unpleasant feeling) less intense.
  178. permeate
    spread throughout (something); pervade.
  179. persiflage
    light and slightly contemptuous mockery or banter
  180. probity
    integrity, honesty, uprightness, decency
  181. profligacy
    Shameless viciousness.
  182. persevere
    Use the verb persevere when you want to persist in anything and continue despite difficulties or obstacles.
  183. disposition
    Someone's disposition is their mood or general attitude about life.