Psych 128 - Final

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oathkeepr
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305460
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Psych 128 - Final
Updated:
2015-07-22 23:59:09
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Psych 128
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Contra Costa College
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life span development final. adolescents - late adulthood
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  1. Ch 10
    Self-esteem
    global evaluations of the self. also known as self-worth or self-image
  2. Ch 10
    Self-concept
    domain specific evaluation of the self. areas of domains include academics, athletic ability, appearance, etc.
  3. Ch 10
    Self-efficacy
    the belief that we can master a situation and produce favorable outcomes
  4. Ch 10
    Popular Children
    children who are frequently nominated as best friend and are rarely disliked by peers
  5. Ch 10
    Average Children
    children who receive average an number of both positive and negative nominations from peers
  6. Ch 10
    Neglected Children
    children that are infrequently nominated as best friend but are not disliked by peers
  7. Ch 10
    Rejected Children
    children are infrequently nominated both as best friend and are actively disliked by peers
  8. Ch 10
    Controversial Children
    children are frequently nominated both as best friend and as being disliked by peers
  9. Ch 11
    Puberty
    period of rapid physical maturation, occuring primarily in early adolescence that involves hormonal and bodily changes
  10. Ch 11
     Menarche
    a girl's first menstration
  11. Ch 11
    Sexually Transmitted infections (STIs)
    infections that are contracted primarily through sexual contact, including oral-genital and anal-genital contact
  12. Ch 11
    Anorexia nervosa
    eating disorder that involves the relentless pursuit of thinness through starvation
  13. Ch 11
    Bulimia nervosa
    eating disorder characterize by the individual constantly following a binge and purge pattern
  14. Ch 11
    Imaginary audience
    adolescent's belief that others are interested in them as they themselves are, as well as attention-getting behavior motivated by a desire to be noticed, visible, and "on stage"
  15. Ch 11
    Top-dog phenomena
    circumstance of moving from the top position in elementary school to the lowest position in middle or junior high school
  16. Ch 11
    Service learning
    a form of education that promotes social responsibility and service to the community
  17. Ch 12
    Clique
    a small group of approximately 5 or 6 individuals that may form among adolescents who engage in similar activities
  18. Ch 12
    Crowd
    a larger group structure than a clique usually based on reputation; members may or may not spend much time together
  19. Ch 12
    Rite of passage
    • ceremony or ritual that makes the individual's transition from one status to another.
    • most rites of passages focus on the transition to adult status.
  20. Ch 12
    juvenile delinquent
    when an adolescent breaks the law or engages in behavior that is considered illegal
  21. Ch 13
    Emerging adulthood
    transition from adolescence to adulthood (18-25 years) which is characterized by experimentation and exploration
  22. Ch 13
    Addiction
    pattern of behavior characterized by an overwhelming involvevment with using a drug and a preoccupation with securing its supply
  23. Ch 13
    Rape
    forcible sexual intercourse with a person who does not consent to it
  24. Ch 14
    Sternberg's triangular theory of love - commitment
    set boundaries around relationship, structuring of a relationship
  25. Ch 14
    Sternberg's triangular theory of love - intimacy
    • getting to know the person
    • not inherently sexual, but is a part of it
  26. Ch 14
    Sternberg's triangular theory of love - passion
    infatuation, lust
  27. Ch 14
    Sternberg's triangular theory of love - romantic
    intimacy and passion
  28. Ch 14
    Sternberg's triangular theory of love - compassionate
    • intimacy and commitment
    • companionship
  29. Ch 14
    Sternberg's triangular theory of love - fatuous
    • passion and commitment
    • without intimacy you do not know who you are commiting to
  30. Ch 14
    Sternberg's triangular theory of love - consummate love
    • all 3 components are equal in scale with each other for balance
    • a fulfilling relationship that requires a lot of work from both partners to maintain the quality of the relationship
  31. Ch 14
    Sternberg's triangular theory of love
    • how people fall in love and develop relationships
    • an equaliateral triangle, where each component is needed for a healthy relationship
  32. Ch 14
    Marriage
    an institution most cultures have a formal commitment that is made. relationships are given structure. agreements are made of expectations each person has
  33. Ch 14
    Cohabiting
    living together in a sexual relationship without being married
  34. Ch 14
    Divorce
    • to legally dissolve one's marriage
    • the US has a 50% divorce rate
  35. Ch 14
    Parenting
    the methods and techniques used to take care of and raise a child
  36. Ch 15
    Middle Adulthood
    the developmental period that begins around 40 - 45 years to 60 - 65 years
  37. Ch 15
    Metabolic syndrome
    condition characterized by hypertension, obesity, and involves resistence. can lead to onset of diabetes and cardiovascular disease
  38. Ch 15
    Chronic disorders
    • characterized by slow onset and long duration.
    • increases in middle adulthood and more common in late adulthood.¬†
    • correlation between stress and disease = low immune system response when experiencing stress
  39. Ch 15
    Menopause
    • cessation of a woman's menstral periods, usually during late 40s to early 50s.
    • males also experience this with a decrease of hormonal levels of testosterone
  40. Ch 15
    Erectile dysfunction
    inability to adequate achieve and maintain an erection to attain satisfactory sexual performance
  41. Ch 15
    crystallized intelligence
    accumulated information and verbal skills which increases in middle adulthood
  42. Ch 15
    Fluid intelligence
    the ability to reason abstractly which begins to decline from middle adulthood onward
  43. Ch 16
    Contemporary life events approach
    emphasizes that how a life event influences the individual's development depends not only on the life event, but other mediating factors, such as, how the person adapts to the life event, how they cope and the social support available to them
  44. Ch 16
    Social clock
    the timetable (varies based on cultural context) according to which an individual is expected to accomplish life tasks, such as, marriage, raising children, or retirement.
  45. Ch 16
    Empty Nest Syndrome
    • occurs after all children leave home.
    • parents focus was on children and without them they have to reevaluate their situation.
    • sometimes the parents feel distant at this time ¬†because the children are not there to keep them together.
  46. Ch 17
    Life expectancy
    the number of years that will probably be lived by the average person born in a particular year
  47. Ch 17
    Evolutionary theory of aging
    theory that natural selection has not eliminated many harmful conditions and nonadaptive characteristics in older adults; thus the benefits conferred by evolution decline with age because natural selection is linked to reproductive fitness
  48. Ch 17
    Cellular clock theory
    theory that as we age, our cells have less capacity to divide.
  49. Ch 18
    Wisdom
    expert knowledge from life experiences that permits excellent judgement about important matters
  50. Ch 18
    Dementia
    neurological disorder in which the primary symptoms involve a deterioration of mental functioning
  51. Ch 18
    Alzheimer disease
    progressive, irreversible brain disorder characterized by a gradual deterioration of memory, reasoning, language, and eventually, physical functioning
  52. Ch 18
    Parkinson disease
    chronic, progressive disease characterized by muscle tremors, slowing of movement, and partial facial paralysis
  53. Ch 19
    Integrity versus despair
    • Erickson's 8th and final stage of development
    • the individual experiences in late adulthood
    • this involves reflecting on the past and either piercing together a positive review or concluding that one's life has not beeen well spent
  54. Ch 19
    Ageism
    prejudice against others because of their age, especially prejudice against older adults
  55. Ch 19
    Eldercare
    physical and emotional caretaking for older members of the family and whether by giving day-to-day physical assistance or by being responsible for overseeing such care
  56. Ch 19
    Generational inequality
    the view that our aging society is being unfair to its younger members because older adults pile up advantages by receiving inequitably large allocations of resources

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