Respiratory Drugs

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Author:
amanda430
ID:
305503
Filename:
Respiratory Drugs
Updated:
2015-07-21 20:52:43
Tags:
Respiratory Drugs
Folders:
Pharm
Description:
Respiratory Drugs
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  1. Name the 3 bronchodilators
    • Adrenergic
    • Anti-Cholinergic
    • Xanthines
  2. Name the 3 antiinflammatory drugs
    • leukotrine inhibitors
    • mast cell stabilizers
    • Corticosteroids
  3. What is the Adrenergic B1 and B2 prototype?
    Epinephrine (Adrenaline)
  4. What is the adrenergic B2, acute Tx prototype
    Albuterol (Proventil)
  5. What is the adrenergic B2, Px prototype
    Formoterol (Foradil)
  6. What is the serious ADE for Adrenergics?
    Bronchospasm
  7. What are the common ADE for Adrenergics
    • Palpitations
    • tachycardia
    • HTN
    • Anxiety
    • INSOMNIA
  8. What are some contraindications for adrenergics?
    • Tachycardia
    • Severe CAD
  9. Use caution with adrenergics when pt has ...
    • Palpitations
    • Tachycardia
    • HTN
    • Anxiety Tremors
    • DM (increases glucose levels)
  10. What is the Anticholinergic Prototype
    Atropine (Ipratropium Bromide)
  11. Are anticholinergics used for Tx or Px?
    Px
  12. What are the common ADEs for anticholinergics?
    • Cough
    • Constipation
    • *THINK DRY*
  13. What are the serious ADEs of Anticholinergics?
    • Bronchospasm
    • Arrhythmias
  14. What are the contraindications for anticholinergics?
    • allergy to Med
    • Soybean
    • Peanuts
  15. What is the prototype for Xanthine?
    Aminophylline
  16. What are the actions of xanthine?
    • bronchodilator
    • CNS stimulant
    • Increases cardiac activity
    • Increases GI Secretions
  17. What are contraindications for Xanthine?
    Acute gastric and peptic ulcer disease
  18. Use Xanthine cautiously when a pt has...
    Cardiovascular disease
  19. What are some serious ADE for Xanthines?
    • Arrhythmias
    • Seizures
  20. What are some common ADE for Xanthines?
    • N/V
    • Headache
    • Insomnia
  21. What are the S&S of Respiratory Distress?
    • Tachypnea
    • Dyspnea
    • Accessory muscle use
    • hypoxia
  22. What are the early signs of hypoxia?
    • Mental confusion
    • Increased RR
    • HR >100
  23. What are the late signs of hypoxia?
    • HR >150
    • Decreased BP
    • ¬†Cyanosis
  24. What is the prototype for corticosteroids: Acute Tx
    Prednisone (Methyprdnisolone)
  25. What is the prototype for corticosteroids: Px
    Flunisolide (Aerobid)
  26. What is the MoA of Corticosteroid?
    • Suppress Airway inflammation
    • decrease edema of mucosa
    • decrease airway activity
    • decrease mucous secretions
    • increase sensitivity to B2 adrenergic receptors

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