Lab Values (only)

Card Set Information

Author:
thom.mccusker@gmail.com
ID:
305612
Filename:
Lab Values (only)
Updated:
2015-07-24 21:22:28
Tags:
CCEMTP Lab Values
Folders:
CCEMTP
Description:
Lab Values
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user thom.mccusker@gmail.com on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. Glucose
    • Neonate 40-65mg/dL
    • Newborn >24hrs 42-68mg/dL
    • Child 60-85mg/dL
    • Adult 60-89mg/dL
  2. BUN - Blood urea nitrogen

    Metabolic byproduct from breakdown of blood, muscle, & protein; indicates renal fxn & hydration status
    7-21mg/dL
  3. HCT - Hemocrit (volume percentage (%) of red blood cells in blood)

    HGL - Hemoglobin | Protein molecule in red blood cells that carries oxygen from the lungs to the body's tissues and returns carbon dioxide from the tissues back to the lungs.
    40-55%

  4. BUN/Cr ratio

    Elevation = AKI/CKF
    10:1 or less
  5. Total Bilirubin

    Elevates in pts w/ liver disease
    0.3-1.2mg/dL
  6. Direct Bilirubin

    Fractionated in lab to reveal hemolysis rxns
    0.1-0.3mg/dL
  7. CRP - C-reactive protein

    Indicates inflammation; low lvls indicate liver failure
    0.08-3.1mg/L
  8. Albumin

    Transport protein for free fatty acids, bilirubin, hormones, & drugs; 70% of protein-generated oncotic pressure (allows for colloids to cross cell membranes)
    3.5-5.0g/dL
  9. Sodium (Na+)

    Maintains fluid-electrolyte & acid-base bals
    135-145 mEq/L
  10. Potassium (K+)

    Aids in renal fxn & acid-base bal
    3.5-5 mEq/L
  11. Chloride (Cl-)

    Used to concentrate urine; maintains fluid-electrolyte bal
    96-106 mEq/L
  12. Calcium (Ca++)

    Neurotransmission, muscle contrxn, heart fxn
    9-11 mg/dL
  13. Creatinine (Cr)

    Waste product of protein metabolism; found in urine
    • Adult Male 0.6-1.4mg/dL 
    • Adult Female 0.6-1.1mg/dL
  14. Creatine Phospokinase

    CK-MM (muscles)CK-BB (brain)CPK-MB (heart) ñ when muscle s inj'd; ñ in 90% of MI w/i 4-6hrs (peaks @ 24hrs & returns to norm 3-4d w/o AKI/CKF)
    5-35 mcg/ml
  15. Cardiac-specific troponin (cTnl)

    More specific for MI than CPK-MB; ñ w/i 2-6hrs p MI (peaks @ 12-16hrs & returns to norm 5-10d)
    < 1.0 ng/cc
  16. Myoglobin

    Released p musc inj; ñ 2-6hrs p MI (peaks @ 8-12hrs & retunrs to norm 12-36hrs w/o AKI/CKF)
    9-12 mcg/ml
  17. BNP - B-type natriuretic peptide

    Hormone produced by stretched cardiac ventricles; effective in R/O ARDS v. CHF
    • <100 pg/cc good
    • >400 pg/cc heart failure

    100-400pg/cc
  18. PTT - Activated partial thromboplastin time

    Measures effectiveness of clotting factors, heparin efficacy, & platelet variations
    22.1 - 34.1 seconds
  19. International Normalized Ratio (INR)

    Compares PT to standardized control
    1
  20. Prothrombin Time (PT)

    Measures effectiveness of Coumadin-type anticoags
    11.2 - 13.2 seconds
  21. pH (ABG)
    7.35-7.45
  22. PaCO2 (ABG)
    Partial pressure of carbon dioxide

    Reflects adequacy of alveolar vent
    35-45 mmHg
  23. Total Protein

    Mostly consists of albumin & immunoglobulins
    6.0-8.0g/dL
  24. Anion Gap

    Summary of relationship between major ions; indicates shift in acid-base bal as H+/HCO3- molecules are lost/gained; =[Na+K]-[Cl+HCO3]
    3.5-5.0g/dL
  25. SaO2 - Oxygen saturation

    Measures bound hemoglobin saturation
    90-100%
  26. BE/BD - Base excess/deficit

    Measurement of metabolic derangement; IDs global tissue acidosis (& therefore shock)
    ±3mmol/L
  27. PaO2 (ABG) - Partial pressure of oxygen

    Reflects adequacy of oxygenation; 60mmHg = 90% SpO2
    80-100 mmHg
  28. HCO3 (ABG) Bicarbonate

    Buffer system for acid-/alkalosis
    22-26 mEq/L
  29. Base XS (ABG)
    -3 - +3 mmg/L
  30. RBC
    3.5 - 6 million
  31. pH (VBG)
    7.35-7.38
  32. PaCO2 (VBG)
    44-48 mmHg
  33. PaO2 (VBG)
    40 mmHg
  34. HCO3 (VBG)
    21-22 mEq/L
  35. CPK - Creatin Phosphokinase

    CK8MM1(muscles),1CK8BB1(brain),1CPK8MB1(heart)1ñ1when1muscle1 is1inj'd;1ñ1in190%1of1MI1w/i1486hrs1(peaks1@124hrs1&1returns1to1 norm1384d1w/o1AKI/CKF)
    5-35 mcg/mL
  36. CK-MB
    5-35 mcg/mL
  37. Mgb - Myoblobin

    Released p musc inj; ñ 2-6hrs p MI (peaks @ 8-12hrs & retunrs to norm 12-36hrs w/o AKI/CKF)
    9-12 mcg/ml
  38. MNP
    100-400 pg/ml
  39. D-dimer assay

    Measures degradation products of cross-linked fibrin created during fibrinolysis; indicates presence of clot (nonsensitive)
    0.5-1mg/L

    <1mcg/cc <500mcg/L
  40. Uric Acid

    Metabolic byproduct from breakdown of purines
    2-8 mg/dL
  41. Osmolality

    Measures bal btw H2O & chems dissolved in serum
    282-295mOsm
  42. WBC - White Blood Count
    Indicates presence of infection (nonsensitive)
    4,500-10,000 WBC/μL

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview