LING 2 2 Flashcards.txt

Card Set Information

LING 2 2 Flashcards.txt
2010-08-20 10:21:40
LING Linguistics

Vocabulary words from sections 2.0-2.2
Show Answers:

  1. Articulation
    The motion or positioning of some part of the vocal tract with respect to some other vocal tract surface in the production of a speech sound
  2. Pulmonic Egressive Airstream
    Airstream mechanism used in english. Literally blowing out action that uses lung(s)
  3. Larynx
    Contains vocal folds and glosttis
  4. Vocal Tract
    Above the larynx, composed of the oral and nasal cavities
  5. Subglottal System
    located below the larynx
  6. Glottis
    Opening between the vocal folds
  7. Voiced Sounds
    Sounds made with the vocal folds vibrating
  8. Voiceless Sounds
    Vocal Folds do not vibrate
  9. Bilabial Consonant
    Both lips touch to make sound Ex: [p] [b]
  10. Labiodental Consonant
    Lower lip touches upper front teeth to make sound Ex: [f] [v]
  11. Interdentals
    Made with the tip of the tongue protruding between the front teeth Ex: [O], [�] (thigh, thy)
  12. Alveolar sounds
    made with the tongue tip at or near alveolar ridge Ex: [t] [d] [s] [z] [l] [?]
  13. Palatal sounds
    Tongue against back (Farther back than alveolar ridge) Ex: [?] [?] [??] [??] [j]
  14. Velar Consonants
    Tongue touches farther back than Palate [k] [g] [?]
  15. Glottal Sounds
    produced at the larynx. [h] [?]
  16. Manner of articulation
    How the airstream is modified by the vocal tract to produce the sound
  17. Stops
    Airstream completely obstructed
  18. Fricatives
    Airstream nearly completely obstructed
  19. Affricates
    Briefly stopping the airstream completely then releasing the articulators slightly. I.e. stop+fricative
  20. Nasals
    Lowering the velum and opening the nasal passage to the vocal tract
  21. Liquids
    Vocal tract constricted, but not enough to cause turbulance
  22. Glides
    only slight closure of the articulators, so that if the vocal tract were any more open, the result would be a vowel sound.