NASM EXAM Chapter 16 Glossary

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Author:
tbaker
ID:
305909
Filename:
NASM EXAM Chapter 16 Glossary
Updated:
2015-07-31 16:09:01
Tags:
G16
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Description:
Chronic Health Conditions and Physical or Functional Limitations
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  1. ARTERIOSCLEROSIS
    A general term that refers to hardening (and loss of elasticity) of arteries
  2. ATHEROSCLEROSIS
    Buildup of fatty plaques in arteries that leads to narrowing and reduced blood flow
  3. PERIPHERAL VASCULAR DISEASE
    A group of diseases in which blood vessels become restricted or blocked, typically as a result of atherosclerosis.
  4. OBESITY
    The condition of subcutaneous fat exceeding the amount of lean body mass
  5. DIABETES
    Chronic metabolic disorder, caused by insulin deficiency, which impairs carbohydrate usage and enhances usage of fat and protein.
  6. HYPERTENSION
    Consistently elevated arterial blood pressure, which, if sustained at a high enough level, is likely to induce cardiovascular or end organ damage.
  7. VALSALVA MANEUVER
    A maneuver in which a person tries to exhale forcibly with a closed glottis(windpipe) so that no air exits through the mouth or nose as, for example, in lifting a heavy weight.  The Valsalva maneuver impedes the return of venous blood to the heart
  8. OSTEOPENIA
    A decrease in the calcification or density of bone as well as reduced bone mass.
  9. OSTEOPOROSIS
    Condition in which there is a decrease in bone mass and density as well as an increase in the space between bones, resulting in porosity and fragility.
  10. ARTHRITIS
    Chronic inflammation of the joints
  11. OSTEOARTHRITIS
    Arthritis in which cartilage becomes soft, frayed, or thins out, as a result of trauma or other conditions.
  12. RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS
    Arthritis primarily affecting connective tissues, in which there is a thickening of articular soft tissue, and extension of synovial tissue over articular cartilages that have become eroded.
  13. CANCER
    Any of various types of malignant neoplasms, most of which invade surrounding tissues, may metastasize to several sites, and are likely to recur after attempted removal and to cause death of the patient unless adequately treated.
  14. RESTRICTIVE LUNG DISEASE
    The condition of a fibrous lung tissue, which results in a decreased ability to expand the lungs.
  15. CHRONIC OBSTUCTIVE LUNG DISEASE
    The condition of altered airflow through the lungs, generally caused by airway obstruction as a result of mucus production.
  16. INTERMITTENT CLAUDICATION
    The manifestation of the symptoms caused by peripheral arterial disease.
  17. PERIPHERAL ARTERIAL DISEASE
    A condition characterized by narrowing of the major arteries that are responsible for supplying blood to the lower extremities.

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