Science of Nursing Final

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Author:
amanda430
ID:
306001
Filename:
Science of Nursing Final
Updated:
2015-08-03 17:07:26
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Final
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Final
Description:
Science Final
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  1. What are the medication rights?
    • Right med
    • Right pt
    • Right Dosage
    • Right Route
    • Right Time
    • Right Reason
    • Right Assessment data
    • Make sure pt takes med
    • Document
    • Right Response
    • Right education to patient
    • Patient's right to refuse
  2. Which is the most commonly used route of medication?
    PO
  3. What is the enteral route?
    Administering drug through an enteral tube
  4. What is the amount of water you should crush medicine with when administering via tube?
    15-30mL
  5. What are parenteral medications?
    • "outside of the intestines of alimentary canal"
    • injections
  6. How much can a SQ hold?
    1-3mL
  7. How much can an IM hold?
    3-5mL
  8. What angle is intradermal administered at?
    5-15
  9. What angle is SQ administered at?
    45-90
  10. At what angle is IM administered?
    72-90
  11. How much medication can you administer into the deltoid?
    1mL max
  12. Define bolus
    push
  13. When should you assess the IV site?
    q1hr
  14. What is FACT in effective documentation?
    • Factual
    • Accurate
    • Complete
    • Timely
  15. Where do you document things that impact patient care? ie. Short staffing?
    protests of assignment
  16. What is SBAR?
    • Situation
    • Background
    • Assessment
    • Recommendation
  17. What are common diagnostic tests for bowel elimination?
    • Colonoscopy
    • Sigmoidoscopy
  18. Name some constipating foods
    • Cheese
    • Lean Meat
    • Eggs
    • Pasta
  19. Name some foods with laxative effects
    • fruits and veggies
    • bran
    • chocolate
    • alcohol
    • coffee
  20. Name some gas producing foogds
    • onions
    • cabbage
    • beans
    • cauliflower
  21. What is diarrhea?
    loose stool 4-5x in a 24hr period
  22. What is a BRAT diet and why do you use it?
    • Bananas, Rice, Applesauce, toast
    • Managing diarrhea
  23. What type of enema is most effective?
    Tap water enema
  24. What type of enema is used in children?
    Fleet
  25. What is in a RN's scope of practice?
    • Assess
    • Determine nursing dx
    • Set goals/outcomes
    • Develop interventions to meet that goal
    • Evaluate if the goal/outcomes are met
  26. What are the 5 rights of delegation?
    • The right task
    • Under the right circumstances
    • To the right person
    • With the right directions and communication
    • Under the right supervision and evaluation
  27. How many cc's will make you feel like you need to go to the bathroom?
    150cc
  28. How many nephrons per kidney?
    1 million
  29. What BP do nephrons need to work?
    65 mmHg
  30. What is the name of the muscle that surrounds the bladder?
    Detrusor
  31. What is the pH of urine?
    • 4.6-8.0
    • ~6.0
  32. What is specific gravity numbers
    1.015 - 1.025
  33. What is the normal urine output for 24 hours?
    1200-1500mL
  34. What is the rate that an adult kidney produces urine?
    50-120mL/hr
  35. Define anuria
    < 50 mL in 24 hours
  36. Define Oliguria
    <400mL in 24hrs
  37. Define Glycosuria
    sugar in the urine
  38. Define dysuria
    painful urination
  39. Define polyuria
    excessive urine output
  40. Define invontinence
    involuntary loss of urine
  41. proteinuria
    indication of kidney diesease
  42. Define pyuria
    pus in the urine
  43. What color is urine when taking anticoagulants?
    Red
  44. What color is urine when taking diuretics?
    pale yellow
  45. What color is urine when taking  pyridium
    orange-orange red
  46. What color is urine when taking Elavil**
    green - blue green
  47. What color is urine when taking Levodopa
    brown or black

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