medical definitions 1-49

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dmbfan511
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30605
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medical definitions 1-49
Updated:
2010-09-03 20:04:39
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  1. Abnormal lung sounds heard when listening to the chest as the person breathes. These may be wheezes, crackles (rales), or stridor.
    Adventitious sounds
  2. 1. Taking place in the presence of oxygen. 2. Concerning an organism that lives and reproduces in the presence of oxygen.
    Aerobic
  3. Without fever.
    Afebrile
  4. Absence or loss of hair, esp. of the head.
    Alopecia
  5. 1. Taking place in the absence of oxygen. 2. Concerning an organism that lives and reproduces in the absence of oxygen.
    Anaerobic
  6. 1. Partial or complete loss of sensation, with or without loss of consciousness, as a result of disease, injury, or administration of an anesthetic agent, usually by injection or inhalation.
    Anesthesia
  7. 1. Reducing fever. 2. An agent that reduces fever.
    Antipyretics
  8. The science of measuring the human body, including craniometry, osteometry, skin fold evaluation for subcutaneous fat estimation, and height and weight measurements.
    Anthropometry
  9. Absence or impairment of the ability to communicate through speech, writing, or signs because of brain dysfunction. It is considered complete or total when both sensory and motor areas are involved.
    Aphasia
  10. The most common form of arteriosclerosis, marked by cholesterol-lipid-calcium deposits in the walls of arteries that may restrict blood flow.
    Atherosclerosis
  11. Listening for sounds within the body, esp. from the chest, neck, or abdomen. A stethoscope is typically used. It is applied to the patient's skin surface gently but firmly, to eliminate any environmental noises that may be present.
    Auscultation
  12. A slow heartbeat marked by a pulse rate below 60 beats per minute in an adult.
    Bradycardia
  13. An adventitious sound of venous or arterial origin heard on auscultation.
    Bruit
  14. Inflammation of the gallbladder, usually caused by obstruction of the biliary ducts by gallstones. (TERM) caused by gallstones occurs commonly, esp. in women, the obese, and those who have been dieting, and can occur following pregnancy.
    Cholecystitis
  15. A chronic liver disease characterized pathologically by liver scarring with loss of normal hepatic architecture and areas of ineffective regeneration.
    Cirrhosis
  16. Inflammation of the conjunctiva. Treatment is directed against the specific cause.
    Conjunctivitis
  17. A blue, gray, slate, or dark purple discoloration of the skin or mucous membranes caused by deoxygenated or reduced hemoglobin in the blood.
    Cyanosis
  18. Dissolution or destruction of living cells.
    Cytolysis
  19. The layer of the skin lying immediately under the epidermis; the true skin. It consists of two layers, papillary and reticular.
    Dermis
  20. A progressive, irreversible decline in mental function, marked by memory impairment and, often, deficits in reasoning, judgment, abstract thought, registration, comprehension, learning, task execution, and use of language.
    Dementia
  21. Profuse sweating.
    Diaphoresis
  22. The state of being distended. To stretch out. To become inflated.
    Distention
  23. Inability to swallow or difficulty in swallowing.
    Dysphagia
  24. Abnormal, disordered, or disturbed rhythm.
    Dysrhythmia
  25. Without teeth.
    Edentulous
  26. A local or generalized condition in which body tissues contain an excessive amount of tissue fluid in the interstitial spaces. (Swelling)
    Edema
  27. the building blocks of proteins and the end products of protein digestion. Of these, some can be produced by the liver; the rest—(TERM)—must be supplied by food.
    Essential amino acids
  28. The outermost layer of the skin.
    Epidermis
  29. Reddening of the skin.
    Erythema
  30. Normal, unimpaired respiration.
    Eupnea
  31. A bony growth that arises from the surface of a bone, often involving the ossification of muscular attachments.
    Exostosis
  32. Pert. to fever; feverish.
    Febrile
  33. Gagging and vomiting resulting from irritation of the throat or pharynx.
    Gag Reflex
  34. The branch of health care concerned with the care of the aged, including physiological, pathological, psychological, economic, and sociological problems.
    Geriatric
  35. The scientific study of the processes and effects of aging and of age-related diseases on humans.
    Gerontology
  36. Offensive odor of the breath.
    Halitosis
  37. Veins of the internal or external plexuses and surrounding tissues (anorectal)
    Hemorrhoids
  38. Inflammation of the liver, usually caused by exposure to an infectious agent (e.g., a (TERM) virus), a toxin (e.g., alcohol), or a drug (e.g., acetaminophen).
    Hepatitis
  39. The protrusion of an anatomical structure through the wall that normally contains it.
    Hernia
  40. Condition characterized by the excessive growth of hair or the presence of hair in unusual places, esp. in women.
    Hirsutism
  41. The accumulation of excessive amounts of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) within the ventricles of the brain, resulting from blockage or destruction of the normal channels for CSF drainage.
    Hydrocephalus
  42. Paralysis of one side of the body, usually resulting from damage to the corticospinal tracts of the central nervous system.
    Hemiparesis / Hemiplegia
  43. excessive sleepiness.
    Hypersomnolence
  44. In adults, a condition in which the blood pressure (BP) is higher than 140 mm Hg systolic or 90 mm Hg diastolic on three separate readings recorded several weeks apart.
    Hypertension
  45. Body temperature elevated above the normal range; an unusually high fever.
    Hyperthermia
  46. 1. An oxygen deficiency in body tissues. 2. A decreased concentration of oxygen in inspired air.
    Hypoxia
  47. core body temperature below 35°C (95°F). It may be further classified as mild (93.2°–96.8°F [34°–36°C]); moderate (86°–93°F [30°–34°C]); or severe (<86°F [30°C]).
    Hypothermia
  48. Hardened
    Indurated
  49. Visual examination of the external surface of the body as well as of its movements and posture.
    Inspection

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