Anti Seizure-Pharm Final

Card Set Information

Author:
amanda430
ID:
306083
Filename:
Anti Seizure-Pharm Final
Updated:
2015-08-05 12:26:50
Tags:
Pharm
Folders:
Pharm
Description:
Pharm Final:Anti seizure
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  1. Define a seizure
    abnormal electrical activity
  2. Define epilepsy
    seizures that are chronic and recurrent
  3. What is a partial seizure?
    What are the 2 types?
    • 1 hemisphere is involved
    • Simple (consciousness not impaired)
    • Complex (consciousness impaired)
  4. Define generalized seizures?
    What are the two types to remember?
    • Both hemisphere and loss of consciousness
    • Tonic-Clonic
    • Absence
  5. What is the definition of "tonic" and "clonic"
    • tonic-rigid
    • clonic- shaking
  6. What is the biggest concern with tonic-clonic seizures?
    the contraction of the diaphragm and the inability to breath
  7. What is the main anti-seizure medication?
    Phenytoin (Dilantin)
  8. What is the MoA of Phenytoin (Dilantin)
    Na Channel Blocker
  9. What are the contraindications for Phenytoin (Dilantin)
    • bradycardia and heart block
    • allergy
    • CNS depressant
  10. What are some common ADE for phenytoin (Dilantin)?
    Serious?
    • Ataxia, N/V, Lethargy, Gingival Hyperplasia
    • Steven-Johnson's, Hepatotoxicity
  11. What are the cautions warnings for phenytoin (Dilantin)?
    • Given only w NS
    • Dilantin +Benzo precipitate, do NOT give together
    • DM may need increase in meds
  12. What are the Black Box warnings for phenytoin (Dilantin)?
    • Category D
    • Administer IV slowly
    • Increased risk of suicide

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