Emergency Procedures Piper Seminole

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Author:
bharris
ID:
306114
Filename:
Emergency Procedures Piper Seminole
Updated:
2015-08-06 15:24:24
Tags:
Seminole Piper Emergency Procedures Multiengine Twin
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Description:
Emergency procedures for the Piper Seminole
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  1. One engine inoperative air minimum control:
    56 kias
  2. One engine inoperative best rate of climb
    88 kias
  3. One engine inoperative best angle of climb:
    82 kias
  4. Maneuvering (3800 lbs)
    135 kias
  5. Never exceed:
    202 kias
  6. Emergency gear extension speed:
    100 kias
  7. Identifying dead engine and verifying power loss:
    • Loss of thrust
    • Nose of aircraft will yaw in the direction of the dead engine
    • Rudder pedal force will be required in the direction opposite of the dead engine to maintain straight flight
  8. Engine securing procedure (feathering procedure):
    • Throttle - retard to verify
    • Propeller control - feather (950 rpm minimum)
    • Mixture - idle cut-off
    • Cowl flap - close
    • Alternator switch - off
    • Magneto switches - off
    • Electric fuel pump - off
    • Fuel selector - off
    • Electrical load - reduce
    • Crossfeed - as required
  9. Engine failure during takeoff (speed below 75 kias or gear down):
    • Throttles - immediately close
    • Brakes (or land and brake) - as required
    • Stop straight ahead
    • If insufficient runway remains for a complete stop:
    • Mixtures - idle cut off
    • Fuel selectors - off
    • Magneto switches - off
    • Battery master switch - off
    • Maintain directional control, maneuver to avoid obstacles if necessary
  10. Engine failure during take off (speed above 75 kias)
    • If sufficient runway remains for a complete stop:
    • Directional control - maintain
    • Throttles - immediately close
    • Land if airborne and stop straight ahead
    • Brakes - as required
    • If gear is in transit or up and a decision is made to continue:
    • Mixture controls - full forward
    • Propeller controls - full forward
    • Throttle controls - full forward
    • Flaps - full up
    • Landing gear selector - check up
    • Inoperative engine - identify and verify
    • Throttle (inop. engine) - close
    • Propeller (inop. engine) - feather
    • Mixture (inop. engine) - idle cut-off
    • Establish bank - 2° to 3° into operative engine
    • Climb speed - 88 kias
    • Trim - adjust to 2° to 3° bank toward operative engine with 1/2 ball slip on turn coordinator
    • Cowl flap - closed (inop. engine)
    • Alternator switch - off (inop. engine)
    • Magneto switches - off (inop. engine)
    • Electric fuel pump - off (inop. engine)
    • Fuel selector - off (inop. engine)
    • Land as soon as practical at the nearest airport
  11. Engine failure during climb (speed above 88 kias)
    • Airspeed - maintain 88 kias
    • Directional control - maintain
    • Power - max continuous
    • Inoperative engine - identify and verify
    • Inoperative engine - Complete engine securing procedure
    • Trim - adjust to 2° to 3° bank towards operative engine with 1/2 ball slip on turn coordinator
    • Cowl flap (operative engine) - as required
    • Land as soon as practical at the nearest airport
  12. Engine failure during flight (speed below Vmca):
    • Rudder - apply against yaw (operative engine)
    • Throttles - retard to stop turn
    • Pitch attitude - lower nose to accelerate above Vmca (56 kias)
    • Operative engine - increase power as airspeed increases above Vmca (56 kias)
    • If altitude permits, a restart may be attempted. If restart fails or if altitude does not permit a restart:
    • Inoperative engine - complete engine securing procedure
    • Trim - adjust to 2° to 3° bank toward operative engine with 1/2 ball slip on turn coordinator
    • Cowl flap (operative engine) - as required
    • Land as soon as practical at the nearest suitable airport
  13. Engine failure during flight (speed above Vmca):
    • If above a safe altitude and able to maintain altitude or climb, an attempt to restart the inoperative engine can be made.
    • Directional control - maintain
    • Airspeed - maintain 88 kias or more
    • Mixture controls - full forward
    • Propeller controls - full forward
    • Throttles - full forward
    • Gear - up
    • Flaps - up
    • Identify - inop. engine
    • Verify - retard throttle (inop. engine)
    • Decide - feather/restart
    • Operative engine - adjust power as required
    • Before securing inop. engine:
    • Electric fuel pump - on
    • Fuel quantity - check
    • Oil pressure and temperature - check
    • Magneto switches - check
    • Air start - attempt
    • If engine does not start, complete engine securing procedure
    • Power (operative engine) - as required
    • Fuel quantity (operative engine tank) - sufficient
    • Electric fuel pump (operative engine tank) - as required
    • Cowl flap (operative engine) - as required
    • Trim - adjust to 2° to 3° bank toward operative engine with 1/2 ball slip on turn coordinator
    • Electrical load - decrease to min required
    • Land as soon as practical at the nearest suitable airport
  14. One engine inoperative landing:
    • Inoperative engine - engine securing procedure complete
    • Seat belts/harnesses - secure
    • Fuel selector (operative engine) - on
    • Mixture (operative engine) - full rich
    • Propeller control (operative engine) - full forward
    • Electric fuel pump (operative engine) - on
    • Cowl flap (operative engine) - as required
    • Altitude and airspeed - make normal approach
    • When landing is assured:
    • Landing gear - down
    • Wing flaps - 25° max (2nd notch)
    • Final approach airspeed - 90 kias
    • Power - retard slowly and flare airplane
    • Trim - as power is reduced (the airplane will yaw in the direction of the operative engine)
  15. One engine inoperative go-around (should be avoided if at all possible)
    • Mixture (operative engine) - forward
    • Propeller (operative engine) - forward
    • Throttle (operative engine) - smoothly advance to takeoff power
    • Flaps - retract slowly
    • Landing gear - retract (after positive climb achieved)
    • Airspeed - 88 kias
    • Trim - adjust to 2° to 3° bank toward operative engine with 1/2 ball slip on turn coordinator
    • Cowl flap (operative engine) - as required
  16. Air start procedure
    Unfeathering procedure/unfeathering accumulator functioning:
    • Fuel selector (inop. engine) - on
    • Magneto switches (inop. engine) - on
    • Electric fuel pump (inop. engine) - on
    • Mixture - full rich
    • Throttle - open 1/4 inch
    • Propeller control - full forward
    • Throttle - reduce power until engine is warm
    • Alternator - on
  17. Air start procedure
    Unfeathering procedure/starter assisted:
    • Fuel selector (inop. engine) - on
    • Magneto switches (inop. engine) - on
    • Electric fuel pump (inop. engine) - on
    • Mixture - full rich
    • Throttle - two full strokes and then open 1/4 inch
    • Propeller control - forward to cruise
    • Starter - engage until prop windmills
    • Throttle - reduce power until engine is warm
    • If engine does not start, prime as required and repeat
    • Alternator - on
    • Cowl flap (operative engine) - as required
  18. Engine roughness:
    • Carburetor heat - on
    • If roughness continues after one minute:
    • Carburetor heat - off
    • Mixture - adjust for max smoothness
    • Electric fuel pump - on
    • Fuel selector - (affected engine) crossfeed
    • Engine gauges - check
    • Magneto switch - check
  19. Engine overheat:
    • Cowl flaps - open
    • Mixture - enrich as appropriate
    • Power - reduce
    • Airspeed - increase (if altitude permits)
  20. Loss of oil pressure:
    • Oil pressure gauge - verify loss & engine affected
    • Engine - secure per engine securing procedure
    • Engine shutdown procedure
    • Land as soon as practical at the nearest suitable airport
  21. Engine fire during start:
    • If engine has not started:
    • Mixture - idle cut-off
    • Throttle - full open
    • Starter - continue to crank engine
    • If engine has already started and is running, continue operating to try pulling the fire into the engine.
    • If fire continues:
    • Fuel selectors - off
    • Electric fuel pumps - off
    • Mixtures - idle cut-off
    • Throttles - full open
    • External fire extinguisher - use
    • Airplane - evacuate
  22. Engine fire in flight:
    • Fuel selector (affected engine) - off
    • Throttle (affected engine) - idle
    • Propeller control (affected engine) - feather
    • Mixture (affected engine) - idle cut-off
    • Electric fuel pump (affected engine) - verify off
    • Cowl flap (affected engine) - open
    • Affected engine - complete engine securing procedure
    • If fire persists:
    • Airspeed - increase in attempt to blow out fire
    • Land as soon as practical at the nearest suitable airport
  23. Electrical fire:
    • Flashlight (at night)
    • Battery master switch - locate
    • Alternator switches - off
    • All electrical switches - off
    • Radio master switch - off
    • Vents - closed (to avoid drafts)
    • Cabin heat - off
    • If fire persists, locate and, if practical extinguish with the portable fire extinguisher located on the center console just aft of the 2 front seats
    • Bus circuit breakers
    •     Main bus 1 - pull
    •     Main bus 2  - pull
    •     Non-essential - pull
    •     Avionics bus #1 - pull
    •     Avionics bus #2 - pull
    •     Left alternator - pull
    •     Right alternator - pull
    • All main bus circuit breakers - pull
    • All avionics bus circuit breakers - pull
    • Decide if flight can safely be continued without electrical power. If so, then continue to the nearest suitable airport.
    • If electrical power is required for safe continuation of flight, then proceed as follows:
    • One (1) main bus circuit breaker - in
    • Battery master switch - on
    • Left or right alternator circuit breaker - in
    • Alternator field circuit breaker - in
    • Alternator switch - on
    • Main bus circuit breakers
    •     Landing gear control - in
    •     Avionics bus #1 - in
    •     Avionics bus #2 - in
    • Radio master switch - on
    •     Audio amp/Mkr - in
    •     Com #1 - in
    •     Nav/GPS #1 - in
    • Vents - in
    • Land as soon as practical at the nearest suitable airport
  24. Fuel managment during one engine inoperative operation:
    Cruising - When using fuel from the tank of the same side as the operating engine:
    • Fuel selector (operative engine) - on
    • Fuel selector (inoperative engine) - off
    • Electric fuel pumps - off (except in case of engine driven pump failure when electric fuel pump on operating engine side must be used)
  25. Fuel managment during one engine inoperative operation:
    Cruising - When using fuel from the tank on the side opposite the operating engine:
    • Fuel selector (operative engine) - crossfeed
    • Fuel selector (inoperative engine) - off
    • Electric fuel pump - off (except in case of engine driven pump failure when electric fuel pump on operating engine side must be used)
  26. Fuel managment during one engine inoperative operation:
    Landing:
    • Fuel selector (operative engine) - on
    • Fuel selector (inoperative engine) - off
  27. Fuel managment during one engine inoperative operation:
    Engine driven fuel pump failure:
    Electric fuel pump (affected engine) - on
  28. Landing gear unsafe warnings:
    • Red light indicates gear in transit
    • Recycle gear if indication continues
    • Light will illuminate and gear horn sounds when the gear is not down and locked if throttles are at low power settings or when wing flaps are in second or third notch positions
  29. Landing gear malfunctions, manual extension of landing gear:
    • If emergency gear extension is required due to electrical power failure, the gear position lights will not illuminate.
    • Check following before extending gear manually:
    • Navigation lights (daytime) - off
    • Or
    • Day/night dimmer switch (daytime) - day
    • Circuit breakers - check
    • Battery/master switch - on
    • Alternators - check
    • To extend, proceed as follows:
    • Airspeed - reduce (100 kias max)
    • Gear selector - gear down locked position
    • Emergency gear extend knob - pull
    • Landing gear lights - 3 green
    • Leave emergency gear extension knob out
  30. Gyro suction failures:
    • Vacuum annunciator illuminated - check suction & failure side
    • If suction gauge indicates below 4.5 in Hg:
    • Rpm - increase to 2700
    • Altitude - descend to maintain 4.5 in Hg
  31. Electrical failures:
    Single alternator failure (zero amps or alternator inop. light illuminated)
    • Verify failure - check ammeters
    • Electrical load (if low bus voltage annunciator illuminated) - reduce until total load is less than 60 amps & low bus voltage annunciator extinguished
    • Failed altr switch - off
    • Failed altr circuit breaker - check and reset as required
    • Failed altr switch (after off at least 1 second) - on
    • If power is not restored:
    • Failed altr switch - off
    • Ammeter - monitor and maintain below 60 amps
    • One alternator will supply sufficient current for minimum required avionics and cockpit lighting. Under no circumstances may the total electrical load exceed 60 amps. The cabin recirculation blowers, and position, strobe and landing lights should not be used unless absolutely necessary.
  32. Electrical failures:
    Dual alternator failure (zero amps or alternator inop. light illuminated):
    • Warning: compass errors may exceed 10° with both alternators inoperative.
    • Verify failure - check ammeters
    • Electrical load - reduce to minimum required for safe flight
    • Alternator switches - off
    • Alternator circuit breakers - check and reset as required
    • If only one alternator resets:
    • Operating alternator switch - on
    • Failed alternator switch - off
    • Electrical load - maintain less than 60 amps
    • Ammeter - monitor
    • If neither alternator resets:
    • Both alternator switches - off
    • Continue flight with reduced electrical load on battery power only
    • Land as soon as practical at the nearest suitable airport
  33. Spin recovery:
    • Throttles - retard to idle
    • Rudder - full opposite to direction of spin
    • Control wheel - full forward
    • Ailerons - neutral
    • Rudder - neutralize when rotation stops
    • Control wheel - smooth back pressure to recover from dive
  34. Open door (entry door only)
    • Airspeed - slow to 82 kias
    • Cabin vents - close
    • Storm window - open
    • If top latch is open - pull on armrest while moving latch handle to latched position
    • If both latches are open - latch side latch then top latch
  35. Propeller overspeed:
    • Throttle (affected engine) - retard
    • Oil pressure (affected engine) - check
    • Prop control (affected engine) - full decrease rpm then set in any control available
    • Airspeed - reduce
    • Throttle (affected engine) - as required to remain below 2700 rpm
  36. Emergency Exit:
    • Thermoplastic cover - remove
    • Emergency exit handle - pull forward
    • Window - push out

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