Cerebral Vascular Accident (Ischemic stroke)

Card Set Information

Author:
japanice27
ID:
306141
Filename:
Cerebral Vascular Accident (Ischemic stroke)
Updated:
2015-08-07 06:36:10
Tags:
stroke CVA CEREBRALVASCULARACCIDENT
Folders:
neuro
Description:
review about CVA
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  1. What is CVA?
    • *an ISCHEMIC stroke or "brain attack"
    • *sudden loss of brain function resulting from a disruption of blood supply to a part of the brain.
  2. Nonmodifiable R/F:
    • age (>55y/o)
    • gender (male)
    • race (african american)
  3. Modifiable R/F:
    • HTN
    • Atrial fibrillation
    • Hyperlipidemia
    • Obesity
    • Smoking
    • DM
    • Asymptomatic carotid stenosis and valvular heart dse
    • peridontal dse
  4. S/SX of CVA:
    if
    • GENERAL SX:
    • numbness or weakness of the face, arm or leg (esp on one side of the body)
    • confusion or change in mental status
    • trouble speaking or understanding speech
    • visual dist
    • loss of balance, dizziness, diff walking
    • sudden severe headache

    • MOTOR LOSS
    • hemiplegia, hemiparesis
    • flaccid paralysis and loss of or decrease in the deep tendon reflex (initial clinical feature) followed by reappearance of deep tendon reflex (after 48 hours) and increased muscle tone (spasticity)

    • PERCEPTUAL DIST AND SENSORY LOSS
    • homonymous hemianopia (loss of half of the visual field)
    • dist in visual-spatial relations

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