A&P1 - Test 1

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  1. Pertaining to the highest point of the shoulder
  2. Pertaining to the chin
  3. Pertaining to the forearm
  4. Pertaining to the hand
  5. Pertaining to the thigh
  6. Pertaining to the anterior surface of the leg
  7. Pertaining to the lateral side of the leg
    Fibular or Peroneal
  8. Pertaining to the posterior surface of the leg
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    frontal or coronal
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    oblique plane
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    longitudinal section
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  19. membrane layer that covers the organs?
    visceral layer
  20. membrane layer that attaches to and covers the ventral body wall?
    parietal layer
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    • 1=R Hypochondriac       5=Umbilical
    • 2=Epigastric                 6=L Lumbar
    • 3=L Hypochondriac       7=R Inguinal
    • 4=R Lumbar                 8=Hypogastric/Pubic
    •                      9=L Inguinal
  22. Name A-E
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    • A=Nucleolus
    • B=Nucleus
    • C=Nuclear Envelope
    • D=Rough ER
    • E=Golgi Apparatus
  23. Name H, I, J
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    • H=Mitochondria
    • I=Cell Membrane
    • J=Ribosome
  24. The mitotic phase when normal cell work is going on, cell growth occurs, and DNA replicates?
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  30. More water, less solute concentration is?
    Hypotonic solution
  31. More solute concentration with less water is?
    Hypertonic solution
  32. there is a chemical exchange that occurs with all individual cells, this is called?
    internal respiration

    vs. external respiration (lungs)
  33. Name items necessary for Life Functions
    • exchange with environment
    • reproduction
    • metabolism
    • homeostasis
    • growth and development
  34. Name the levels of structural organization
    chemical > cellular > tissues > organ >

    organ systems > organismal
  35. The simplest collection of matter that can be alive?
    The cell
  36. Basic features of all cells?
    • Plasma membrane
    • Phospholipid cell membrane
    • Semifluid substance called cytosol
    • Chromosomes (carry genes)
    • Ribosomes (make proteins) Instructions
  37. The plasma membrane controls the movement of molecules into and out of the cell, a trait called?
    Selective Permeability
  38. genetic instructions are housed in the nucleus and carried out by the?
  39. Ribosomes use the information from the DNA to make?
  40. This organelle modifies proteins before they leave the cell
    Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum
  41. Once proteins are synthesized and ready for transport they are put into ________ to be sent to other places to perform functions
  42. Which organelle does the protein get processed? (the post office of the cell)
    Golgi Apparatus
  43. ? is a membranous sac of hydrolytic enzymes that can digest macromolecules
  44. Lysosomal enzymes can hydrolyze?
    • proteins
    • fat
    • polysaccharides
    • nucleic acids
  45. Organelle that uses cellular respiration, a metabolic process that uses oxygen to generate ATP
    Build up ATP by eating food
    All organisms have
  46. a network of fibers that organizes structures and activities in the cell?
  47. What does cytoskeleton provide?
    • Helps move things around (cilia, flagellum)
    • provides support
    • involved in transportation
    • Gives it shape
  48. Mitochondria has it's own set of ?
    Provided only by the mother
    genes (mitochondrial DNA)
  49. What processes must a cell perform?
    • Metabolism
    • Regulation
    • DNA
    • Reproduction…
  50. What type of reproduction involves inheritance of all genes from one parent, cloning, and is the vast majority of reproduction within our body?
    Asexual reproduction
  51. Why is sexual reproduction important and vital to life?
    • Sexual reproduction is to provide variety of off spring
    • Variety provides for survival for the future
  52. chromosomes are composed of ?
  53. What is contained in chromatin?
    DNA + proteins (within the nucleus)
  54. Allows passage of hydrophilic substances across the membrane
    transport proteins
  55. The process where molecules move from an area of high concentration to an area of low concentration until everything is the same concentration?
  56. The diffusion of water across a membrane is called?
  57. indicates that the concentration of a solute is the same on both sides
  58. indicates that the concentration of solute is higher outside the cell
  59. indicates a lower concentration of solute outside the cell
  60. Cells have a mechanism for moving a solute against its concentration gradient
    It requires the expenditure of energy in the form of ATP
    Active transport
  61. Why is it important to have more surface area?
    Surface area allows us to make exchanges with outside environment, making survival easier
  62. Name the 11 organ systems
    • respiratory
    • integumentary
    • reproductive
    • digestive
    • cardiovascular
    • pulmonary
    • skeletal
    • nervous
    • endocrine
    • lymphatic
    • urinary
  63. what is the most abundant chemical in the body?
  64. give an example of negative feedback to maintain homeostasis?
    body temperature regulation
  65. give an example of positive feedback in the body to maintain homeostasis?
    • labor contractions
    • blood clotting
  66. term that divides the head, neck, and trunk
    axial skeleton
  67. term that divides the limbs from the rest of the body
    appendicular skeleton
  68. the dorsal body cavity contains?
    • cranial cavity
    • vertebral cavity
  69. the ventral body cavity contains?
    • thoracic cavity
    • abdominopelvic cavity
  70. name the thoracic cavity subdivisions
    • two pleural cavities
    • mediastinum
    • pericardial cavity
  71. name the abdominopelvic cavity subdivisions
    • abdominal cavity
    • pelvic cavity
  72. what organs are contained in the abdominal cavity
    • stomach
    • intestines
    • spleen
    • liver
  73. what organs are contained in the pelvic cavity?
    • urinary bladder
    • reproductive organs
    • rectum
  74. name the three most common elements in the body
    • oxygen
    • carbon
    • hydrogen
  75. what determines an atom's identity?
    the number of protons
  76. a substance consisting of two or more different elements combined in a fixed ratio?
    compound (ex. NaCl)
  77. if atoms are charged the same they...
    repel (like magnets)
  78. it atoms are charged opposites they...
    attract (ionic bonds)
  79. when atoms share bonds this is called
    covalent bonds
  80. an atom's attraction for the electrons in a covalent bond is called
  81. what is it called when atoms share the electron equally
    nonpolar covalent bond
  82. What is a chemical reaction - goes on constantly in our bodies?
    breaking bonds then making bonds
  83. what is the measure of stored energy?
  84. nam different types of lipids
    • carbs
    • proteins
    • DNA & RNA
  85. lipids are water insoluble which means they are?
  86. what type of lipids can be packed tightly and become solid at room temp?
  87. why can't unsaturated fats be packed tightly and don't become solid at room temp?
    double bonds create a "kink"
  88. what is a lipid that is structurally similar to fats and an important component of all cells?
  89. phospholipids make up our cell...?
  90. a single building block is called ?
    monomer (ex. protein)
  91. when monomers are identically strung together as building blocks they are called?
    polymers (ex. amino acids)
  92. what is the building block (monomer) of amino acids?
  93. what is the building block (monomer) of DNA & RNA?
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    DNA / RNA (has phosphate group)
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    amino acid (contains nitrogen)
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    carbohydrate (forms a "ring")
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    fats and lipids (long chains of carbon)
  98. what part of DNA holds our genetic info?
    the nitrogenous bases change (A, T, C, G)
  99. the unequal sharing of electrons within a molecule
Card Set:
A&P1 - Test 1
2015-08-16 21:14:51
Test 1
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