Communicable disease

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Communicable disease
2015-08-16 06:36:40
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review about CDN
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  1. Infection:
    implantation and successful replication of an organism in the tissue of the host, resulting in s/sx, as well as immunologic response.
  2. Carrier:
    an individual who harbors the organism and is capable of transmitting it to a susceptible host but does not show manifestation of the disease.
  3. Communicable disease:
    an illness caused by an infectious agent or its toxic products that are transmitted directly or indirectly to a well person through an agent, vector or inanimate object.
  4. Contact:
    is any person or animal that is in close association with an infected person, animal or freshly soiled material.
  5. Contagious disease:
    is one that is EASILY transmitted from one person to another (direct/indirect).
  6. Disinfection:
    destruction of pathogenic microorganism outside the body through direct physical or chemical means.

    • a. concurrent disinfection- a method done immediately after the infected individual discharges infectious materials/secretions (done while the pt is no longer the source of infection). 
    • b. terminal disinfection- is applied when the pt is no longer the source of infection; everything that she used is disinfected.
  7. Habitat:
    place where an organism lives or where an organism usually is found.
  8. Host:
    a person, animal or plant on which the parasite depends on for survival.
  9. Infectious disease:
    transmitted through ordinary contact or through a break on a skin or mucous membrane.

    *all contagious disease are infectious.
  10. Quarantine:
    limit of freedom of movt of a person or animal which has been exposed to a communicable disease for a period of time.
  11. Reservoir:
    animal or plant in which an infectious agent lives and reproduce in such a manner that can be transmitted to man.
  12. Sporadic diseases:
    disease that occur occasionally and irregularly with no specific pattern.

  13. Epidemic diseases:
    occur in greater number than what is expected in a specific area over a specific time.
  14. Pandemic disease:
    an epidemic that affects several countries or continents.
  15. Endemic disease:
    disease that are present in a population or in a community at times; involve few people.