Juvenile myoclonic epilepsy
- Seizures types include
- Myoclonic jerks and
- Tonic-clonic seizures which tend to occur within an hour of waking.
Precipitating factors include alcohol, menstruation and sleep deprivation.
The condition is genetically linked to the short arm of chromosome 6.
Prognosis is extremely favourable if the condition is treated correctly, with many patients becoming seizure-free.
Treatment options include sodium valproate, lamotrigine and topiramate.
Lifelong drug treatment is usually necessary to avoid relapses in patients who achieve seizure-free status on medication.