Infection Control Measures

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Author:
japanice27
ID:
306647
Filename:
Infection Control Measures
Updated:
2015-08-21 07:28:43
Tags:
infectioncontrol
Folders:
cdn
Description:
a review about CDN
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  1. UNIVERSAL PRECAUTION:
    -to prevent contact with blood and other potentially infectious material

    • *avoid contact with patient's bodily fluids 
    • *medical instruments should be handled carefully and disposed of properly
    • *proper handwashing
    • *consider ALL patients infectious
  2. Universal precautions should be practiced in any environment where workers are exposed to bodily fluids, such as:
    • -blood
    • -semen
    • -vaginal secretions
    • -synovial fluid
    • -amniotic fluid
    • -CSF 
    • -pleural fluid
    • -peritoneal fluid
    • -pericardial fluid
  3. Bodily fluids that DO NOT require special precautions:
    • -feces
    • -nasal secretions
    • -urine
    • -vomitus
    • -sweat
    • -sputum
    • -saliva (if not contaminated with blood)
  4. STANDARD PRECAUTION:
    • -apply to all patients receiving care in the hospital, regardless of their diagnosis or presumed infectious status.
    • -designed to reduce the risk of transmitting microorganisms from both recognized or unrecognized sources of infection in the hospital.
  5. Standard precautions apply to:
    • -ALL BODY FLUIDS, secretions/excretions, regardless whether or not visible blood is present.
    • -non-intact skin
    • -mucous membrane
  6. LEVELS OF PREVENTIVE CARE:
    • 1. PRIMARY PREVENTION:
    • -TRUE PREVENTION.
    • -applied to clients physically and emotionally healthy.
    • -aims at HEALTH PROMOTION and includes immunization, health education, and physical and nutritional fitness.

    • 2. SECONDARY PREVENTION:
    • -individuals who are experiencing health problems or illnesses and who are at risk of developing complications or worsening of illness.
    • -reduce severity and enabling the pt to return to a normal level of health as early as possible.

    • 3. TERTIARY PREVENTION:
    • -occurs when a disability or defect becomes permanent and irreversible. Minimize the effects of long term dse or disability through interventions of preventing complications and deterioration.

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