Terms Relating to Position and Location

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Ghoelix
ID:
306737
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Terms Relating to Position and Location
Updated:
2015-08-24 00:38:23
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anatomy position terms
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Terms Relating to Position and Location
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  1. Medial / Mesial
    Part nearest median line of the body.
  2. Lateral
    Part farthest from the median line of the body.
  3. Anterior
    Towards the front.
  4. Posterior
    Towards the back.
  5. Ventral
    The front.
  6. Dorsal
    The back.
  7. Palmar
    Front or palm of the hand.
  8. Plantar
    Sole of the foot.
  9. Volar
    Either palm or sole.
  10. Superior
    Towards the head.
  11. Inferior
    Away from the head.
  12. Cephalic
    Refers to the head.
  13. Caudal
    Tail or tail end of the body.
  14. Cranial
    Refers to the head.
  15. Cephalad
    Towards the head.
  16. Caudad.
    Towards the tail.
  17. Proximal
    Closest to source or origin.
  18. Distal.
    Away from the source or origin.
  19. Supine
    Lying upon the back with the face up.
  20. Prone
    Lying face down.
  21. Longitudinal
    Lengthwise
  22. Transverse
    Crossways
  23. Vertical
    Perpedicular, right angles to the horizon.
  24. Horizontal
    Parallel to the horizon.
  25. Central
    The inner part.
  26. Peripheral
    On or near the surface.
  27. Superficial
    On or near the surface.
  28. Major
    Larger or greater of two.
  29. Minor
    Smaller or lesser of two.
  30. Internal
    Inside the body.
  31. External
    Outside the body.
  32. Visceral
    Refers to organ.
  33. Head / caput
    Expanded end.
  34. Little Head / Capitulum
    Small head
  35. Neck / cervix / collum
    Constricted part.
  36. Body / corpus
    Principal part.
  37. Shaft / Sceaft
    Principal part.
  38. Lobe / Lobus
    Subdivision
  39. Lobule / Lobulous
    Subdivision of a lobe
  40. Segment / segmentum
    Unit of structure.
  41. Extremity / extremitas
    End of a long structure.
  42. Apex
    Pointed end of a structure.
  43. Base
    Broad, flattened end of a structure.
  44. Aperture
    Hole or opening.
  45. Foramen
    Hole or opening.
  46. Hiatus
    Opening or gap.
  47. Orifice
    Opening
  48. Os
    Opening...  ( also "bone"? )
  49. Ostium
    Opening
  50. Lumen
    Window
  51. Porus
    Opening
  52. Fissure
    Narrow slit, cleft, or groove.
  53. Fossa
    Depression
  54. Hilus
    Indentation
  55. Sulcus
    Groove.
  56. Sinus
    Cavity, channel, or canal.
  57. Meatus
    Canal
  58. Ramus
    Branch
  59. Septum
    Partition.
  60. Incisura
    Notch
  61. us = ?
    radius = ?
    • us = i
    • radius = radii
  62. a = ?
    ulna = ?
    • a = ae
    • ulna = ulnae
  63. um = ?
    ilium = ?
    • um = a
    • ilium - ilia
  64. phalynx = ?
    phalynx = phalanges

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