Cattle- PE and Hx

Card Set Information

Author:
Mawad
ID:
306814
Filename:
Cattle- PE and Hx
Updated:
2015-08-27 10:05:06
Tags:
vetmed cattle
Folders:

Description:
cattle disease vet med
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user Mawad on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. What is the normal temperature range for an adult cow?
    38-39 celcius; 100.5-102.5 fahrenheit
  2. What is the normal temperature range for a calf?
    39-40.5 celcius, 101.5-103 fahrenheit
  3. ******What is the normal range for heart rate in an adult cow?
    60-80, 40-80bpm
  4. ******What is the normal range for heart rate in a calf?
    120, 100-140bpm
  5. ******What is the normal range for respiratory rate in an adult cow?
    24, 12-30rpm
  6. ******What is the normal range for respiratory rate in a calf?
    48, 30-60rpm
  7. There is space b/w the pin bones of a pregnant cow who has come into the clinic for dystocia. What is likely wrong with her?
    the sacral ligaments have dropped/torn, causing changes to the dimensions of the pelvic cavity --> difficult calving
  8. How do you evaluate the hydration status of a cow?
    pinch the upper eyelid; if the skin stays tented for longer than 4 seconds, the animal is more than 10% dehydrated
  9. Hemorrhages in the sclera may indicate _______, especially in young calves.
    sepsis
  10. How can you guess where the nasal d/c is coming from?
    if d/c is bilateral, coming from somewhere caudal to the nasal septum; if d/c is unilateral, coming from somewhere in the nasal septum or rostral to it
  11. Bilateral hemorrhage may indicate __________.
    rhinitis
  12. Describe the signs of Malignant catarrhal fever. (4)
    dry, cracked nose, bilateral nasal d/c, corneal edema, lesions of the buccal cavity and muzzle
  13. Where can you auscult the lungs of a cow?
    ventral thorax b/w the 3 and 6 ribs (beneath elbow)
  14. Describe pericardial effusion as it would be diagnosed on auscultation.
    muffling followed by washing machine murmur
  15. Where is auscultation of the left AV valve performed?
    left 4th ICS at olecranon
  16. Where is auscultation of the aortic valve performed?
    left 4th ICS below shoulder (under triceps)
  17. Where is auscultation of the right AV valve performed?
    right 3rd ICS (very dull)
  18. Where is auscultation of the pulmonary valve performed?
    left 3rd ICS at costochondral junction
  19. What 2 types of disorders can cause bradycardia?
    conduction disorders and metabolic disorders
  20. What 3 conduction disorders can cause bradycardia?
    myocarditis, vagal tone, brain abcesses
  21. What 3 metabolic disorders can cause bradycardia?
    uremia, hypokalemia, hypercalcemia
  22. What 4 diseases can cause tachycardia?
    pain, toxemia/septicemia, hypocalcemia, anemia
  23. Why does milk fever cause bradycardia?
    increased HR because the heart can't contract with full force; therefore, there is in increase in rate in an attempt to pump the same amount of blood
  24. When ausculting the lungs in normal adult cattle, _________ sounds are slightly more audible than _________ sounds.
    inspiratory; expiratory
  25. Absence of lung sounds may be due to...
    pneumothorax, pleural effusion (uncommon) [in general, lung sounds are very hard to hear in cattle]
  26. What are the auscultation borders of cow lungs? (3)
    11th rib at tuber coxae, 9th rib at point of shoulder, 5th rib at point of elbow
  27. What are 4 signs of thoracic disease?
    abducted elbows, distended abdomen, brisket edema, jugular distension/ pulsation
  28. What disease(s) may cause a reverse D shape of the abdomen when viewed from behind the cow?
    bloat
  29. What disease(s) may cause a pear shape of the abdomen when viewed from behind the cow?
    ascites, intestinal obstruction
  30. What disease(s) may cause a apple shape of the abdomen when viewed from behind the cow?
    hydrops, severe ascites
  31. What disease(s) may cause a D-shape of the abdomen when viewed from behind the cow?
    cecocolic volvulus, abomasal volvulus
  32. What disease(s) may cause a papple shape of the abdomen when viewed from behind the cow?
    OTF, abomasal impaction, vagal indigestion
  33. Where do you auscult the rumen? What are implications of rumen sounds in these locations?
    left flank and over the ribs; sounds at both locations--> probably no LDA; sounds only in left flank --> possible LDA
  34. When is the new methylene blue reduction test?
    measures time taken to convert the blue to the original color of the rumen fluid; organisms should reduce the dye in 3-6 minutes if adequate
  35. What do you add together to perform the NMB reduction test?
    9.5mL rumen fluid + 0.5mL NMB
  36. Rumen fluid should have predominantly ________ bacteria.
    gram negative
  37. What are normal and abnormal values for the rumen chloride of rumen fluid?
    normal <24mmol/L (19-29); abnormal >30mmol/L
  38. What are 3 ways to determine abdominal pain?
    withers pinch response test, xiphoid response test, eric williams test
  39. What is the Eric Williams test?
    auscult trachea and palpate paralumbar fossa at the same time; soft grunt audible just prior to rumen contraction
  40. What organs can you palpate trans-rectally? (5)
    reproductive organs, sublumbar ln, dorsal sac of rumen, left kidney, right side of abdomen

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview