Terms rehab final 3

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elementsninja
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Terms rehab final 3
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2015-08-25 18:37:42
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  1. readily or continually undergoing chemical, physical, or biological change or breakdown :  unstable
    Labile
  2. in psychiatry, emotional instability; rapidly changing emotions.
    Lability
  3. Perseveration
    persistent repetition of the same verbal or motor response to varied stimuli; continuance of activity after cessation of the causative stimulus.
  4. neurological condition characterized by loss of the ability to perform activities that a person is physically able and willing to do.
    Apraxia:
  5. A sense or perception, usually at a subconscious level, of the movements and position of the body and especially its limbs, independent of vision; this sense is gained primarily from input from sensory nerve terminals in muscles and tendons (muscle spindles) and the fibrous capsule of joints combined with input from the vestibular apparatus.
    Proprioception
  6. An involuntary movement of a body part associated with the resisted movement of another body part. reactions are typically seen in children until they reach 8 years of age, but are also seen in people who have sustained injury to the central nervous system.
    Associated reactions:
  7. the loss of spinal reflexes after injury of the spinal cord that appears in the muscles innervated by the cord segments situated below the site of the lesion.
    Spinal shock
  8. a syndrome affecting persons with a spinal cord lesion above the midthoracic level (tetraplegics and some paraplegics) that is characterized by hypertension, bradycardia, severe headaches, pallor below and flushing above the cord lesions, and convulsions. It is the result of impaired function of the autonomic nervous system caused by simultaneous sympathetic and parasympathetic activity, such as may occur with bowel or bladder distension pain or a pressure ulcer. It is usually a medical emergency requiring care in an intensive care unit. A cerebrovascular accident and death may occur during an attack.
    Autonomic dyreflexia
  9. A posture caused by diffuse and severe cortical dysfunction, seen in a deep coma, where primitive reflex posturing prevails after the loss of higher cortical control; DP is characterized by fisted hands, arms flexed on the chest, extended legs, often in response to painful stimuli, which indicates midbrain dysfunction.Decerebrate posture: the position of a patient, who is usually comatose, in which the arms are extended and internally rotated and the legs are extended with the feet in forced plantar flexion. It is usually observed in patients afflicted by compression of the brainstem at a low level.
    Decorticate posture
  10. abnormal shortening of muscle tissue, rendering the muscle highly resistant to stretching; this can lead to permanent disability.
    Contracture
  11. An exercise in which a manual or mechanical external force assists specific muscles and joints to move through their available excursion. The force is graded according to the patient's strength. AAROM exercises are used when the patient has difficulty moving or when tissue forces need to be reduced.
    Active assist range of motion
  12. patient moved own limb with another limb through range of motion.
    Self range of motion

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