Anatomy Week2

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Author:
Daisyh367
ID:
306827
Filename:
Anatomy Week2
Updated:
2015-08-25 21:40:34
Tags:
Anatomy
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Description:
Organelles
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  1. Cytoskeleton
    • Interconnected network of fibers inside the cell
    • Determines cell shape
    • Organization and transport within the cell
  2. Centrioles
    Bundle of microtubules-direct movement of chromosomes during cell division
  3. Microvilli
    finger like extension of cell membrane
  4. Cilia
    • short hair like structure
    • Movement of material
  5. Flagellum
    • long extensions
    • propels sperm
  6. Membranous Organelles
    seperate reactions within time and the space
  7. mitochondria
    • double membrane structure
    • synthesize most atp during cellular respiration
    • "powerhouses of cell"
  8. Golgi Apparatus
    • Packaging center of the cell
    • Secretory, transport, storage vesicles
  9. lysosome
    • contains digestive enzymes
    • lysosomal storage-not active & accumulates
    • tay sachs-inability to break glycolipids
  10. peroxisome
    • smaller than ribosomes
    • endagarates fatty acids & toxins
  11. Smooth ER
    Synthesize fat & steroid
  12. Rough ER
    Putting modifications in proteins
  13. Nucleoli
    • Subunits of ribosomes are manufactured
    • Synthesizes rRna
  14. Chromosomes
    DNA & associated proteins
  15. Nucleoplasm
    Semifluid inside nucleus
  16. Filtration
    • passage of solute through membrane or filter
    • kidney
  17. active transport
    movement of particles against a concentration gradient

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