Rules for Naming Acids that Do Not Contain Oxygen in the Anion:
Since all these acids have the same cation, H+, we don't need to name the cation.The acid name comes from the root name of the anion name.The prefix hydro- and the suffix -ic are then added to the root name of the anion.HCl, which contains the anion chloride, is called hydrochloric acid.HCN, which contains the anion cyanide, is called hydrocyanic acid.
Rules for Naming Oxyacids (anion contains the element oxygen):
Since all these acids have the same cation, H+, we don't need to name the cation.The acid name comes from the root name of the oxyanion name or the central element of the oxyanion.Suffixes are used based on the ending of the original name of the oxyanion. If the name of the polyatomic anion ended with -ate, change it to -ic for the acid and if it ended with -ite, change it to -ous in the acid.HNO3, which contains the polyatomic ion nitrate, is called nitric acid.HNO2, which contains the polyatomic ion nitrite, is called nitrous acid.