Glomerulonephritis

Card Set Information

Author:
japanice27
ID:
306916
Filename:
Glomerulonephritis
Updated:
2015-08-27 07:14:18
Tags:
glomerulonephritis
Folders:
pedia
Description:
review about glomerulonephritis
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user japanice27 on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. GLOMERULONEPHRITIS:
    • ~a group of kidney d/o. (+) inflammatory injury in the GLOMERULUS.
    • ~proliferative and inflammatory changes within the glomerular structure
    • ~destruction, inflammation and sclerosis of the glomeruli of the kidneys occur
    • ~loss of kidney fxn develops.
  2. CAUSES:
    • immunologic dse
    • autoimmune
    • antecedent B-hemolytic streptococcal infection of the pharynx or skin
    • hx of pharyngitis or tonsillitis 2-3 weeks before sx
  3. TYPES:
    • 1. ACUTE:
    • -occurs 2-3 weeks after streptococcal infection.
    • 2. CHRONIC:
    • -may occur after the acute phase or slowly overtime.
  4. CX:
    • kidney failure
    • hypertensive encephalopathy
    • pulmonary edema
    • heart failure
    • seizures
  5. ASSESSMENT:
    • AM (more prominent): periorbital edema and facial edema
    • anorexia
    • decreased UO
    • cloudy, smoky, dark-colored urine (hematuria)
    • pallor, irritability, lethargy
    • older child: headache, abdominal or flank pain, dysuria
    • hypertension
    • proteinuria that produces a persistent and excessive foam in the urine
    • azotemia (high levels of nitrogen-containing compounds (such as urea, creatinine, various body waste compounds, and other nitrogen-rich compounds) in the blood).
    • increased BUN and crea
    • increased anti-streptolysin titer (used to dx d/o caused by streptococcal infections)
  6. INT:
    • -VS, I&O, characteristics of urine
    • -daily weight (same time, same scale and using the same clothes)
    • -limit activity; safety
    • -diet: restrict Na; restrict K in periods of oliguria.
    • -wof: cx
    • -diuretics: if (+) edema and fluid overload
    • -antihypertensive (+) hypertension
    • -antibiotics (+) streptococcal infection
    • -seizure precaution: give anticonvulsants,
    • -report: bloody urine, headache or edema

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview