Physical Science Module 1

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Author:
ethanjenn
ID:
306997
Filename:
Physical Science Module 1
Updated:
2016-01-28 11:57:13
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Apologia Physical Science Module
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Physical Science 8
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Module 1 Flashcards
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  1. "Pure" Substances
    Elements, Compounds
  2. Nearly everything you see around you is made up of ______________.
    atoms
  3. The smallest chemical unit of matter.
    atoms
  4. How many atoms are contained in the head of a pin, approximately?
    1,000,000,000,000,000,000
  5. How many kinds of atoms are in creation that we currently know about?
    116
  6. Substances made up of billions and billions of molecules are called ___________.
    compounds
  7. Name some examples of compounds we encounter every day.
    water, salt, sugar
  8. When two or more atoms are linked together to make a substance with unique properties, this is called a ___________. Name an example of a molecule.
    molecule
  9. When the same exact kind of atoms are linked together, they are called __________. Name some examples of elements.
    elements

    oxygen, zinc, copper, gold
  10. What is the atomical construction of a molecule of water?
    2 hydrogen atoms bonded with one oxygen atom.
  11. When two ore more kind of atoms are grouped together, but not bonded, what do we call this?

    Does this change the individual atoms properties?
    a mixture.

    No, each individual kind of atom maintains its own individual properties.
  12. When two or more kinds of atoms are bonded together to form a molecule, do the individual atoms maintain their own individual properties?
    No, the molecules of the combined atoms will inherit NEW properties. They will be different than the properties of the individual atoms.
  13. When copper atoms link together with oxygen atoms, carbon atoms and hydrogen atoms what is the new substance called?
    copper hydroxycarbonate
  14. Where might you see copper hydroxycarbonate?
    • statue of liberty, cannons, copper roofs
    • anywhere where copper, or bronze comes in contact with weather.
  15. Name two different measurement systems.
    • English Standard
    • Metric
  16. What measurement system do we record scientific data in?
    Metric system
  17. Mass is measured in ___________ Metric Unit, and _________ English Unit.
    gram, slug
  18. Distance is measured in _________Metric Unit, and _________ English Unit.
    meter, foot
  19. Volume is measured in _________ Metric Unit, and ___________English Unit.
    liter, gallon
  20. Time is measured in ___________ Metric Unit and _________English Unit.
    seconds, seconds
  21. The measurement of how much space an object occupies is called ______________.
    volume.
  22. Which does not change due to gravity and item's weight or an item's mass?
    the mass
  23. The measure of how much matter is in an object is called the object's __________.
    mass
  24. The measure of how hard a planet's gravity pulls on that object is called ___________.
    weight
  25. KNOW HOW TO USE YOUR UNIT MULTIPLIERS TO CONVERT!

    Micro        0.000001
    mill(m)     0.001
    centi(c)     0.01
    deci(d)      0.1
    deca(D)     10
    hecta(H)    100
    kilo(k)       1,000
    Mega(M)    1,000,000
  26. How many centimeters are in an inch?
    2.54 cm
  27. How many kilograms are in 1 slug?
    14.59 kg
  28. How many liters are in 1 gallon?
    3.78 L
  29. The quantity of a substance within a certain volume.
    concentration
  30. What are the two different temperature scales?
    • Celsius 9sometimes called centigrade)
    • Fahrenheit
  31. What temperature scale will the course use primarily?
    Celsius

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