Network Plus Cards.txt

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Author:
Anonymous
ID:
30702
Filename:
Network Plus Cards.txt
Updated:
2010-08-21 16:10:53
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CompTia Network cards
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Description:
CompTia Network + cards.
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  1. AAA
    Authentication, Authorization, Accounting
  2. ACL
    Access Control List
  3. ADSL
    • Asymmetrical Digitial Subscriber Line
    • True name of Broadband means upload and download speeds are different.
  4. APIPA
    • 169.154.0.0 Automatic Private Interent Protocol Addressing
    • Given when DHCP is down and/or you want to communicate only within your private network w/ others
    • Not routable
  5. ARP
    • Address Resolution Protocol
    • Used to map IP address to MAC address.
  6. ATM
    • Asynchronous Transfer Mode
    • Very fast method
    • Uses fixed-length packets.
  7. BNC
    • Bayonet-Neill-Concelman OR British Naval Connector
    • 2 pin connector
  8. BRI
    • Basic Rate Interface
    • ISDN2e - digitial signal carrying 2 telephone channels.
  9. CA
    Certificate Authority
  10. CHAP
    Challenge Handshake Authentication Protocol
  11. CIDR
    • Classless Inter-Domain Router
    • Eliminates Class A,B,C so more IP addresses can exit
    • ex: 192.168.17.54/24
  12. CS
    Certificate Server
  13. CSMA/CA
    Carrier Sense Multiple Access/Collison Avoidance
  14. CSMA/CD
    Carrier Sense Multiple Access/Collision Detection
  15. CSU/DSU
    • Channel Service Unit/Digitial Service Unit
    • Data check & clean before allowed on T1 line
  16. CYMK
    Cyan, Yellow, Magenta, Black
  17. DDos
    • Distributed Denial of Service
    • SYN flood using zombies, etc... to help overwhelm victim's system.
  18. DHCP
    Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol
  19. Automatically gives IP addresses to clients.
  20. DMZ
    • Demilitarized Zone
    • Perimeter network - outside of a network to protect intranet.
  21. DNS
    • Domain Name Service or Server
    • Gives outgoing or incoming FQDN an IP address.
  22. DUN
    Dial Up Network
  23. EAP
    • Extensible Authenication Protocol
    • Use multiple methods.
  24. EV-DO
    • Evolution Data Optimized or Only
    • Communication technology
    • 400 KbpsU - 700 KbpsD cellular
  25. FDDI
    • Fiber Distributed Data Interface
    • Fiber Optic network.
  26. FPM
    • Fast Page-Mode
    • Type of DRAM allows faster access to info on same line or page
    • AKA Page Mode Memory
  27. FTP
    • File Transfer Protocol
    • Transfers files between systems - fully functional with authentication.
  28. GPRSy
    General Packet Radio System
  29. GSM
    Global System for Mobile Communication
  30. HIDS
    • Host Intrusion Detection Systems
    • Similiar to Antivirus watching for changes on network.
  31. HTML
    Hypertext Markup Language
  32. HTTP
    Hypertext Transfer Protocol
  33. HTTPS
    Hypertext Transfer Protocol over Secure Socket Layer
  34. ICMP
    • Internet Control Message Protocol
    • Used to send IP error & control messages between routers & hosts.
  35. ICS
    Internet Connection Sharing
  36. IDF
    • Intermediate Distribution Frame
    • AKA Vertical Cabling for multi-floor cabling from mainframe.
  37. IDS
    Intrusion Detection System
  38. IGMP
    Internet Group Management Protocol
  39. IKE
    Internet Key Exchange
  40. IIS
    • Internet Information Services
    • Microsoft Web Server for NT & 2000
  41. IMAP
    Internet Mail Access Protocol
  42. IMCP
    • Internet Management Control Protocol
    • Used to send IP error & control messages between routers and hosts.
  43. IP
    Internet Protocol
  44. IPv4
    Internet Protocol Version 4
  45. IPConfig
    Internet Protocol Configuration
  46. IPS
    Internet Prevention System
  47. IP SEC
    Internet Protocol Security
  48. IPX
    Internetwork Packet Exchange
  49. IPX/SPX
    • Internetwork Packet Exchange/Sequenced Packet Exchange
    • Use with Novell.
  50. ISDN
    • Integrated Services Digitial Network
    • Over phone lines but not converted to analog.
  51. L2P
    Layer 2 Forwarding Protocol
  52. L2TP
    • Layer 2 Tunneling Protocol
    • Used to create virtual private network - relies on IPSec for security.
  53. LAN
    Local Area Network
  54. LC
    • Lucent Connector
    • OR
    • Logical Connector
  55. LDAP
    • Lightweight Directory Access Protocol
    • Stores inforamtion about users network resources file system application.
  56. LLC
    • Logical Link Control
    • With MAC - Media Access Control in DataLink managing traffic (flow and error control) over the physical medium.
  57. MAC
    Media Access Control
  58. MAN
    Metropolitan Area Network
  59. MAU - MSAU
    • Multi-Station Access Unit
    • Used with token ring star topology.
  60. MDF
    • Main Distribution Frame
    • Location of management devices between external & internal network.
  61. MLS
    • Multi-Layer Switch
    • Combines data switching with routing.
  62. MMC
    Microsoft Management Console
  63. MMF
    • Multimode Fiber
    • Used for short distance.
  64. MPLS
    Multi-Protocol Label Switching
  65. MS-CHAP
    Microsoft Challenge Handshake Authentication Protocol
  66. MT-RJ
    • Mechanical Transfer - Registered Jack
    • Connector used with SMF & MMF fiber optic cables - looks like RJ45 connector
  67. NAS
    • Network Attached Storage OR
    • Network Access Server
  68. NAT
    • Network Address Translation
    • Like a proxy.
  69. NIDS
    Network Intrusion Detection Systems
  70. NIT
    • Network Information Table OR
    • Network Interface Tap
  71. NNTP
    Network News Transfer Protocol
  72. NTP
    • Network Time Protocol
    • Time synchronization system for computer clocks through the Internet.
  73. NWLink
    Netware Link
  74. OSI
    Open Systems InterConnect
  75. OSPF
    • Open Shortest Path First
    • Routing protocol using LinkState.
  76. PAN
    Personal Area Network
  77. PAP
    Password Authentication Protocol
  78. PAT
    • Port Address Translation
    • Translates TCP and UDP ports between hosts.
  79. PKI
    Public Key Infrastructure
  80. PKE
    • Public Key Encryption
    • 2 keys used.
  81. POTS
    Plain Old Telephone System
  82. PPP
    • Point-to-Point Protocol
    • For dial-up
    • Able to pass multiple LAN protocols across a wire.
    • Dynamic.
    • Uses CHAP
  83. PPPoE
    Point-to-Point over Ethernet
  84. PPTP
    • Point-to-Point Tunneling Ptotocol
    • Used to create virtual private networks.
  85. PRI
    • Primary Rate Interface
    • ISDN30 digitial signal carrying between 8-30 telephone channels.
  86. PSTN
    Public Switched Telephone Network
  87. PVC
    Permanent Virtual Circuit
  88. RADIUS
    • Remote Authentication Dial-In User Service
    • Uses AAA.
  89. RAID
    Redundant Array of Independent Discs
  90. RAS
    • Remote Access Service
    • Requires use of EAP.
  91. RDP
    Remote Desktop Protocol
  92. RF
    Radio Frequency
  93. RFI
    Radio Frequency Interference
  94. RIP
    • Routing Information Protocol
    • Defines how paths are chosen using distance vector (which route has fewest hops)
  95. RJ
    Registered Jack
  96. RJ-11
    • Registered Jack function 11
    • Phone.
  97. RJ-45
    • Registered Jack function 45
    • LAN.
  98. ROT13
    • Rotate 13 cipher
    • Encryption & decryption algorithm pair lettervalue is replaced with the value 13 higher.
  99. RS-232 OR RS-232c
    Recommended Standard 232 Serial
  100. RSH
    Remote Shell
  101. RTP
    • Real Time Protocol
    • Can be used for VoIP - calls over Internet - can send audio and radio.
  102. SAN
    Storage Area Network
  103. SC
    • Subscription Channel OR
    • Standard Connector
    • For fiber optics push type connector.
  104. SFTP
    Secure File Transfer Protocol
  105. SLIP
    • Serial Line Internet Protocol
    • For dial-up.
  106. SMB
    • Server Message Block OR
    • Small to Midsize Business
  107. SMF
    Single Mode FIber
  108. SMTP
    • Simple Mail Transport Protocol
    • Used to send mail - transfers mail between servers.
  109. SNMP
    • Simple Network Manegement Protocol
    • Allows computers to be managed remotely.
  110. SNAT
    • Source Network Address Translation
    • Translates many private source IP addresses into one public source IP address so they can use the Internet.
  111. SONET
    Synchronos Optical Nwtwork
  112. SPI
    • Stateful Packet Inspection
    • aka Stateful Firewall
    • Found in devices like routers for security of traffic.
  113. SPX
    Sequenced Package Exchange
  114. SSH
    • Secure Shell
    • Exchanges data between 2 network nodes over a secure channel.
    • Uses encryption.
  115. SSID
    • Service Set Identifier
    • Name of a network - provides security for wireless network.
  116. SSL
    • Secure Socket Layer
    • Public/private key encryption.
  117. STP
    • Shielded Twisted Pair
    • 10BaseT/10BaseTX
    • 100M Cat 3,5,6
    • Star topology.
  118. ST
    • Straight Tip
    • Connector for fiber optics.
    • ST & FC look like BNC.
  119. SYN/ACK
    • Synchronize/Acknowledgement
    • Part of TCP Handshake.
  120. T1
    • T-Carrier Level 1
    • T1 - 1.544 Mbps
    • T3 - 44.736 Mbps
    • T4 - 274.276 Mbps
  121. TACACS+
    • Terminal Access Controller Access Control System +
    • Cisco authentication protocol.
  122. TCP/IP
    • Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol
    • Acknowledged, connection - oriented communications.
  123. TDR
    • Time Domain Reflectometer
    • Verifies impedance and termination in a cable.
    • OTDR for optical.
  124. TFTP
    Trivial fFile Transfer Protocol
  125. TLS
    • Transport Layer Security
    • Encrypts message between 2 authenticated computers.
    • Replaces SSL.
  126. UDC
    • Universal Data Connector
    • With token ring.
  127. UDP
    • User Datagram Protocol
    • Connectless, unacknowledged communications used best for streaming audio & video.
  128. UNC
    Universal Naming Convention
  129. URL
    Uniform Resource Locator
  130. UTP
    Unshielded Twisted Pair
  131. VLAN
    Vitual Local Area Network
  132. VNC
    Virtual Network Connector
  133. VoIP
    • Voice over Internet Protocol
    • Make phone calls over data network.
    • i.e. Internet calling.
  134. VPN
    • Virtual Private Network
    • Uses encryption & security to be a private network over public network.
  135. WAN
    Wide Area Network
  136. WAP
    • Wireless Access Point
    • Router which connects Ethernet to Wireless networks.
  137. WEP
    Wireless Equivalent Privacy
  138. WINS
    • Windows Internet Naming Service
    • Resolves NetBIOS names w/ IP addresses automatically.
    • Used instead of manual LMHOSTS file.
  139. WLAN
    Wireless Local Area Network
  140. WTLS
    Wireless Transport Layer Security
  141. WPA
    • Wireless Protected Access
    • WPA2-AES most secure version
  142. ZeroConf
    • Zero Configuration
    • Enables computers to automatically connect to available wireless networks without user action.

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