CARDIO: Rheumatic Fever
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an inflammatory autoimmune disease that affects the connective tissues of the heart, joints, skin (subcutaneous tissue), BV and CNS.
RF manifests 2-6 weeks after an untreated or partially treated group β-hemolytic streptococcal infection of the upper resp tract.
rheumatic heart disease; affects cardiac valves particularly the mitral valve
- ~fever: low grade fever that spikes in the afternoon
- ~elevated anti-streptolysin O titer
- ~elevated ESR and C-reactive protein
- ~(+) aschoff bodies (lesions): found in the heart, BV, brain, and serous surfaces of the joints and pleura
- chorea: involuntary movt of extremities and face; affects speech
- carditis: inflammation of all parts of the heart (mitral valve)
- erythema marginatum: red skin lesions starting on the trunk and spreading peripherally
- polyathritis: tender, painful joins (elbows, knees, ankles, wrists)
- subcutaneous nodules: small, nontender, swellings over the joints
- ~control joint pain and inflammation with massage and alternating hot and cold application
- ~bed rest: acute febrile stage
- ~limit P.E (+) CARDITIS
- ~salicylates, antiinflammatory (should not be given if dx is not yet done. can mask polyathritis)
- ~seizure precaution
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