World Religions Chapter one

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ambraywhy
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307109
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World Religions Chapter one
Updated:
2015-09-04 18:25:43
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world religions
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World Religions
Description:
Common terms for religion
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  1. Ablution
    A ceremonial washing of the body or objects
  2. Agnostic
    in common usage, a synonym for skeptic
  3. Allegorical
    A method of interpretation that finds hidden or coded meaning in texts
  4. Amulet
    An object believed to possess special protective powers, often carried or worn on a person
  5. Ancestor Worship
    Religious actions that are concerned with the spirits of dead relatives
  6. Animism
    Belief that spirits inhabit inanimate objects and natural phenomena
  7. Anthropomorphism
    A representation of gods in human form or with human characteristics
  8. Apocalyptic
    Matters related to the cataclysmic end of the world and final judgement
  9. Apologist
    A defender or advocate for a particular viewpoint
  10. Apostasy
    The rejection of the faith that one once held
  11. Ascetic
    One who rejects ordinary social life for exceptional religious discipline, which often involves poverty, celibacy, and seclusion
  12. Atheist
    A nontheist one who believes that gods and the spiritual world do not exist
  13. Auspicious
    Favorable or conducive to successful outcomes from religious actions
  14. Blasphemy
    Contemptuous or irreverent act or word concerning a deity or something sacred
  15. Canon
    The sacred and authoritative scriptures of a religious group.
  16. Celibacy
    A rejection of the sexual aspects of life in the interests of focused religious devotion
  17. Dualism
    belief in two primary and competing powers of good and evil
  18. Eschatology
    A term for concepts related to the end of the world and of the human order
  19. Exorcism
    A ritual to drive out evil forces from places or people
  20. Henotheism
    Worship of one god while not denying the existence of other gods
  21. Heresy
    The opposite of orthodoxy, beliefs or practices that are rejected as destructive to the essence of a religious tradition, a negative label imposed by the majority tradition
  22. Iconoclast
    Someone opposed to the use of religious images
  23. Laity
    The adherents of a religion who are not part of the clergy or the priestly class
  24. Liturgy
    The form of public, group worship
  25. Martyr
    One who dies, usually voluntarily for a cause
  26. Monasticism
    The practice of asceticism and poverty in order to devote life to constant religious service: often communal
  27. Monotheism
    Belief in one divine being or god
  28. Mysticism
    A quest for deeper religious truth, bringing about a sense of union with the divine
  29. Myth
    Stories reflecting the great deeds of the gods, which function as foundational stories for religious traditions
  30. Orthodoxy
    The opposite of hersey; the essential beliefs and practices by which a religious community defines itself; the determination of essential beliefs and practices generally made by the majority tradition
  31. Pagan
    A pejorative term, once commonly used by western religions for adherents of polytheistic religions
  32. Pantheism
    A view that the universe as a whole is God or is part of God
  33. Panthenon
    Full assembly of gods and goddesses ina religion
  34. Pilgrimage
    Journey to a sacred place, done as religious act
  35. polytheism
    Belief in a divine world of many gods and spiritual forces
  36. Prayer Beads
    String of beads or knots that aids an individual in performing a cycle of prayers (sometimes called a rosary in Christianity)
  37. Priest
    A religious official; a range of offices may be found in evolved priesthoods
  38. Profane
    The opposite of sacred; the everyday; more negativity: to violate the sacred state of things
  39. Proselyte
    A convert from another religion
  40. Purity
    A state in which a person or object will not cause the sacred domain to be polluted
  41. Reincarnation
    Rebirth of the person (or soul) into one or more successive lives; largely an Eastern concept
  42. Revelation
    Knowledge gained by god disclosing truth to humans, often through a text or inspired speech
  43. Rites of passage
    Rituals that mark a change in status of a person within a community, e.g. birth, puberty, marriage, death
  44. Sacred
    The opposite of profane; the quality of things (places, objects, times, events, etc.) associated with the domain of gods
  45. Sacrilege
    Any intentional isolation of a sacred object
  46. Saint
    One who has displayed a heightened degree of devotion or religious accomplishment
  47. Sanctuary
    Sacred space, such as a temple or church
  48. Scripture
    The sacred writings of a religion, usually having primary authoritative status
  49. Shaman
    A religious healer and wonder-worker who often appears to be possessed by divine spirits and who is perceived to have power within the realm of the invisible
  50. taboo
    A prohibition of a behavior or a restriction on the use of a particular object
  51. Theodicy
    An effort to explain the presence of evil in a world created by a god who is good

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