A&P chapter 1

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A&P chapter 1
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2015-09-02 17:52:10
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A&P
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  1. What is the difference between anatomy and Physiology?
    Anatomy is the study of the structures in the body and their relationships to one another

    Physiology is the study of the function of the body's machinery (how it works)
  2. Levels of Structural Organization
    Cells-tissuies-organs-organ systems-organisms
  3. Necessary life functions
    • Movement
    • Boundaries
    • Responsiveness¬†
    • Digestion
    • Metabolism
    • Reproduction
    • Extraction
    • Growth
  4. contractility
    the movement at the cellular level (makes your muscles move)
  5. stimuli
    What causes response
  6. catablosm
    breaking down molecules
  7. anabolism
    synthesis of molecules (when the body absorbs nutrients
  8. Skin system?
    Integumentary System
  9. Skeletal System
    bone, cartilage, and ligaments
  10. Muscular System
    muscles and TENDONS
  11. Nervous system
    brain, spinal cord, and nerves
  12. Cadiovascular System
    heart and blood vessels
  13. What is the immune system called?
    Lymphatic System
  14. What is it Lymphatic composed of?What does the Lymphatic do?
    red bone marrow, thymus, spleen,

    It picks up fluid leaked from blood vessels and returns it to the blood& houses white blood cells
  15. What does the Urinary System do?
    • Composed of kidneys
    • eliminates nitrogenous wastes from the body
  16. Endocrine System
    HORMONES
  17. what is oxygen mainly used for in the body?
    it produces metabolic reactions.
  18. What is metabolic heat?
    That is when the body breaks down food and creates heat. Food is mainly to keep the body temp stable
  19. Homeostasis
    balance between changes in the body's conditions and internal control mechanisms
  20. electrolytes?
    • molecules that carry electric signals.
    • ex. sodium, magnesium
  21. receptor
    sends signals due to stimuli
  22. control center
    middle point b/w receptor and effector
  23. effector
    makes the effect happen

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