E.S. Space unit I: The Universe & its Galaxies

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a.obeso.III
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E.S. Space unit I: The Universe & its Galaxies
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2015-09-03 11:03:20
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Quiz Friday 9/4 50 pts Matching, Multiple Choice
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  1. Define Big Bang Theory.
    Theory that states the idea that the universe began as a huge explosion about 14 billion years ago.
  2. How long ago do scientists think the big bang occurred?
    About 14 billion years ago.
  3. List the 4 pieces of evidence that support the Big Bang Theory.
    • 1. Measuring Red Shift
    • 2. Abundance of Elements
    • 3.Cosmic Background Radiation
    • 4. Ripples in Space
  4. Explain what Red Shift shows.
    The universe is expanding, after being closer together.
  5. Explain what Cosmic Background Radiation shows.
    Leftover energy from an explosion.
  6. Explain what Ripples in Space shows.
    Formation of the galaxies as the gravitational pull of mass increases.
  7. Explain what the Abundance of Elements explains.
    The ratio of elements in the Universe is similar to that of a star’s core, as if all of the Universe was once compressed.
  8. List the 3 types of galaxies.
    • 1. Spiral
    • 2. Elliptical
    • 3. Irregular
  9. Describe a Spiral galaxy.
    Swirl, Twist, Circle, Rotating
  10. Describe an Elliptical galaxy.
    Egg, Oval, Compressed
  11. Describe an Irregular galaxy.
    Different, Shape-less, Random
  12. What type of galaxy is the Milky Way?
    Spiral
  13. What is the total span (width) of the Milky Way galaxy?
    100,000 Ly
  14. How wide is the Milky Way galactic core?
    15,000 Ly
  15. How far is our solar system from the center of the Milky Way?
    30,000 Ly
  16. How many stars are there in the Milky Way?
    About 200 billion stars
  17. What is radiation?
    Energy

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