Medical Terminology Chapter 1

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Becho
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307367
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Medical Terminology Chapter 1
Updated:
2015-09-05 00:06:05
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ivy tech medical terminology
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Medical Terminology
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Ivy tech medical terminology session 2
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  1. -algia
    pain, painful condition
  2. dys-
    bad, difficult, or painful
  3. -ectomy
    surgical removal, cutting out
  4. hyper-
    excessive, increased
  5. hypo-
    deficient, decreased
  6. -itis
    inflammation
  7. -osis
    abnormal condition, disease
  8. -ostomy
    the surgical creation of an artificial opening to the body surface
  9. -otomy
    cutting, surgical incision
  10. -plasty
    surgical repair
  11. -rrhage
    bleeding, abnormal excessive fluid discharge
  12. -rrhaphy
    surgical suturing
  13. -rrhea
    flow or discharge
  14. -rrhexis
    rupture
  15. -sclerosis
    abdominal hardening
  16. abdominocentesis
    The surgical puncture of the abdominal cavity to remove fluid for diagnostic purposes.
  17. acronym
    a word formed from the initial letters of the major parts of a compound term.
  18. acute
    A condition that has a rapid onset, a severe course, and a relatively short duration.
  19. angiography
    The process of producing a radiographic study of the blood vessels after the injection of a contrast medium to make the blood vessels visible.
  20. appendectomy
    Surgical removal of the appendix.
  21. arteriosclerosis
    Abnormal hardening of the walls of an artery or arteries.
  22. arthralgia
    Pain in a joint or joints.
  23. colostomy
    The surgical creation of an artificial excretory opening between the colon and the body surface.
  24. cyanosis
    Blue discoloration of the skin caused by a lack of adequate oxygen in the blood.
  25. dermatologist
    A specialist in diagnosing and treating disorders of the skin.
  26. diagnosis
    The identification of a disease.
  27. diarrhea
    The flow of frequent, loose, or watery stools.
  28. edema
    Swelling caused by excess fluid in body tissues.
  29. endarterial
    Pertaining to the interior or lining of an artery.
  30. eponym
    A disease, structure, operation, or procedure named for the person who discovered or described it first.
  31. erythrocyte
    A mature red blood cell.
  32. fissure
    A groove or cracklike sore of the skin; also a normal fold in the contours of the brain.
  33. fistula
    An abnormal passage, usually between two internal organs or leading from an organ to the surface of the body.
  34. gastralgia
    Pain in the stomach.
  35. gastritis
    Inflammation of the stomach.
  36. gasteroenteritis
    Inflammation of the stomach and small intestine.
  37. gastrosis
    Any abnormal condition or disease of the stomach.
  38. hemorrhage
    The loss of a large amount of blood in a short time.
  39. hepatomegaly
    Abnormal enlargement of the liver.
  40. hypertension
    Abnormally elevated blood pressure.
  41. hypotension
    Lower-than-normal arterial blood pressure.
  42. infection
    Invasion of the body by a pathogenic organism.
  43. inflammation
    A localized response to an injury or destruction of tissues that is characterized by heat, redness, swelling, and pain.
  44. interstitial
    Between, but not within, the parts of a tissue.
  45. intramuscular
    Within the muscle.
  46. laceration
    A torn, ragged wound.
  47. lesion
    A pathological change of the tissues due to disease or injury.
  48. malaise
    A feeling of general discomfort or uneasiness that is often the first indication of an infection or other disease.
  49. mycosis
    Any abnormal condition or disease caused by a fungus.
  50. myelopathy
    Any pathological change or disease in the spinal cord.
  51. myopathy
    Any pathological change or disease of muscle tissue.
  52. myorrhexis
    The rupture of a muscle.
  53. natal
    Pertaining to birth.
  54. neonatology
    Study of disorders of the newborn.
  55. neurorrhaphy
    Suturing together the ends of a severed nerve.
  56. otorhinolaryngology
    Study of the ears, nose, and throat.
  57. palpation
    An examination technique in which the examiner's hands are used to feel the texture, size, consistency, and location of certain body parts.
  58. palpitation
    A pounding or racing heart with or without irregularity in rhythm.
  59. pathology
    The study of all aspects of diseases.
  60. phalanges
    The bones of the fingers and toes.
  61. poliomyelitis
    A viral infection of the gray matter of the spinal cord.
  62. prognosis
    A forecast, or prediction, of the probable course and outcome of a disorder.
  63. pyoderma
    Any acute, inflammatory pus-producing skin infection.
  64. pyrosis
    Discomfort due to the regurgitation of stomach acid upward into the esophagus.
  65. remission
    The temporary, partial, or complete disappearance of the symptoms of a disease without having achieved a cure.
  66. sign
    Objective evidence of disease, such as a fever.
  67. supination
    The act of rotating the arm so that the palm of the hand is forward or upward.
  68. suppuration
    The formation or discharge of pus.
  69. supracostal
    Above or outside the ribs.
  70. symptom
    Subjective evidence of a disease, such as pain or a headache.
  71. syndrome
    A set of the signs and symptoms that occur together as a part of a specific disease process.
  72. tonsillitis
    Inflammation of the tonsils.
  73. trauma
    Wound or injury.
  74. triage
    Screening of patients to determine their relative priority of need and the proper place of treatment.
  75. viral
    Pertaining to a virus.

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