Integumentary System Conditions

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1026kch
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307372
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Integumentary System Conditions
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2015-09-09 03:09:18
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integumentary
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Integumentary System Conditions
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  1. A condition in which a person develops many small, localized skin lesions.
    Acne
  2. Where acne usually appear?
    On the face, neck, and upper back.
  3. What is the most common skin disease in the United States?
    Acne bulgaris
  4. What are the issues in the development of acne?
    • 1. Genetic predisposition
    • 2. Overactivity of sebaceous glands plus th production of excess keratin that may contribute of blocking ducts.
    • 3. Androgen production
    • 4. Colonization with Proponibacterium acnes
    • 5. Some environmental exosures. (hair products and some medications.)
  5. Infections trapped below the surface of the skin; they are raised, red, painful bumps or papules.
    pimples
  6. As bumps or papules grow and accumulate purulent material (pus), what are called?
    nodules
  7. What are infections trapped deep in the dermis?
    cysts
  8. This occurs when bacteria leads to irritation of the hair follicles
    Papules
  9. This occurs when bacteria leads to inflammation of the hair follicles, causing swollen red bumps
    Pustules
  10. This occurs when inflammation leads to a rupture of the hair follicles (which can also be caused by squeezing the spots, or by harsh scrubbing), releasing matter that triggers wider inflammation, and deeper, hard, painful cysts.
    Cysts
  11. Also called blackheads.
    Open comedones
  12. These are superficial, and the passage into the hair follicle is open to the air. This allows the trapped sebum to oxidize and turn dark.
    Open comedones
  13. Also called whiteheads or pustules.
    Closed comedones
  14. They are superficial infections that are covered with a thin layer of epithelium that traps the sebum and pus.
    Closed comedones
  15. The first treatment advice for people with acne
    Don't touch the face
  16. Medication for acne
    Benzoyy peroxide, retinoids (more severe acne), oral antibiotics, hormonal therapy
  17. What is dermatitis?
    it is an umbrella term meaning skin inflammation.
  18. A condition connected to immune dysfunction and hypersensitivity reactions expressed in the skin.
    Eczema
  19. A skin inflammation caused by and externally applied irritant or allergen.
    Contact dermatitis
  20. What is the most common version of eczema?
    Atopic dermatitis
  21. Which type reaction is systemic immune system responses to nonthreatening stimuli?
    Type I (Eczema)
  22. What type is a delayed, mediated by a several immune system agents (Poison oak, poision ivy, and local skin reactions to metals, soaps, dyes, and latex)?
    Type IV (Allergic contact dermatitis)
  23. Common complications of dermatitis and eczema
    • impetigo
    • herpes simplex
    • staphylococcal infections 
    • fungal infections
    • warts
  24. Two factors in Eczema
    • Fatty acid deficiency
    • Excessive inflammatory responses
  25. Eczema flares can be triggered by local irritations such as...
    • rough textures
    • detergents
    • harsh chemicals
  26. 4 types of Eczema.
    • Atopic dermatitis
    • Seborrheic eczema
    • Dyshidrosis
    • Nummlar eczema
  27. The most common variety of eczema especially among children.

    A. Atopic dermatitis
    B. Seborrheic eczema
    C. Dyshidrosis
    D. Nummlar eczema
    A
  28. Which eczema is itchy, red, flaky and dry?

    A. Atopic dermatitis
    B. Seborrheic eczema
    C. Dyshidrosis
    D. Nummlar eczema
    A
  29. An area of thick and leathery skin or the process by which the epidermis becomes thick and leathery.
    Lichenification
  30. People and families prone to atopic dermatitis are often also affected by _______________ and ___________.
    allergic rhinitis (hay fever), asthma
  31. Which eczema produces yellowish, oily patches in the skin folds around the nose or on the scalp?

    A. Atopic dermatitis
    B. Seborrheic eczema
    C. Dyshidrosis
    D. Nummlar eczema
    B
  32. The Seborrheic eczema in infants is called ______________.
    cradle cap
  33. This eczema may involve cutaneous yeasts in the creation of the rash and other symptoms.
    Seborrheic eczema
  34. This eczema produces blisters filled with fluid that appear mostly on hands and feet.

    A. Atopic dermatitis
    B. Seborrheic eczema
    C. Dyshidrosis
    D. Nummlar eczema
    C
  35. This eczema sometimes described as looking like a combination of fungal infection and a contact allergy.
    Dyshidrosis
  36. This eczema often occurs in response to hot weather and emotional stress.
    Dyshidrosis
  37. This eczema appears in small circular lesions, often on the legs and buttocks.
    Nummular eczema
  38. This eczema can resemble ringworm and it is often intensely itchy.
    Nummular eczema
  39. Which eczema is a special caution for massage?
    Dyshidrosis, because it involves weeping blisters
  40. 2 types of Contact Dermatitis.
    • Irritant contact dermatitis
    • Allergic contact dermatitis
  41. The contact dermatitis that is the result of using with some substance (harsh cleansers, solvents, ongoing friction) that would be irritating to anyone.

    A. Irritant contact dermatitis
    B. Allergic contact dermatitis
    A
  42. This contact dermatitis involves an immune response in the skin of the affected person.

    A. Irritant contact dermatitis
    B. Allergic contact dermatitis
    B
  43. 2 other types of dermatitis
    • Stasis dermatitis
    • Neurodermatitis
  44. This dermatitis appears on the lower legs in association with poor circulation as seen with diabetes or heart failure.

    A. Stasis dermatitis
    B. Neurodermatitis
    A
  45. Which dermatitis involves a small jury, such as a mosquito bite, that creates an enormous inflammatory response and localized scaly patches of skin.
    Neurodermatitis

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