Western Civ I (Week 1)

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Western Civ I (Week 1)
2015-09-07 19:31:18
Wester Civilization

Western Civ I
Show Answers:

  1. “Mesopotamia” is Greek for
    “between the two rivers,” the Tigris and Euphrates. Found in the Fertile Crescent
  2. Sumerians (ca. 3800–2400 BC)
    • the first great Mesopotamians
    • invented the wheel
    • plow and cultivating first orchards
    • system of writing: CUNEIFORM
  3. cuneiform
    • “wedge-shaped” in Latin
    • developed by the Sumerians
    • means rule by one
    • most Mesopotamia Monarchs were kings
    • judicial authority, legislator, representative of gods and patron
    • responsible for bulidings and temples being built
  5. Hammurabi (r. 1792-1750 BC)
    • king of the Amorites in Babylon
    • famous for law Code of Hammurabi
  6. Code of Hammurabi
    • eye for an eye codes, however freed men and slaves not exactly treated equal
    • strike father and lose hands
  7. Mesopotamians were POLYTHEISTIC
    they worshiped “many gods.”
  8. Mesopotamian gods were ANTHROPOMORPHIC
    • meaning they resembled humans (ie. god Shamash)
    • represented by images, idols
    Mesopotamian buildings that served a religious purpose
  10. Mesopotamian Lit
    • The Epic of Gilgamesh (ca. 2500 BC) - king Gilgamesh's journey for immortality
    • Enuma Elish (ca. eleventh cent. BC). - creation in the light of a cosmic battle among the gods.
  11. Nile River
    • Longest river n the world
    • Flooded every your and like a god to the Egyptians
  12. Upper and Lower Egypt
    • Upper was actually south of Lower, but river flowed south to North
    • Upper Egypt councered Lower
  13. Pharaoh
    • Egypt's divine monarchical ruler
    • Worshipped after death
  14. Egyptian Religion
    • Worshipped many gods of human and animal forms
    • "Ka" life-force lived on after death
    • Mummification and Canopic jars
  15. Egyptian History: The Old Kingdom (2695–2160 BC)
    • Pyramids were Pharoh tombs and a way for rulers to glorify themselves
    • Great Sphinx was possible protector of the tombs
  16. Egyptian History: The New Kingdom (ca. 1550–1075 BC)
    • Empire and Expansionist
    • Thebes was the Capital
    • Woman Ruler Hatshepsut (r. 1479–1457
    • BC) false beard
  17. Egyptian History: The Decline of Egypt (ca. 1076 BC)
    • Pharaohs lost power to priests
    • Easy prey for invasions of foreigners
  18. The system of writing the Egyptians used is called
    • HIEROGLYPHICS (Written on Papyrus)
    • Rosetta stone helped to decipher
  19. Isreal
    • The Hebrews
    • Sacred History God was actively involved
    belief in “one god.”
  21. Israel’s History: The Patriarchs (ca. 2000–1500 BC)
    • Abraham 1st Patriarch
    • Jacob and 12 tribes
    • Joseph rose to Pharaoh
    • All have 1 generation gap
  22. Israel’s History: The Exodus and Mt. Sinai (ca. 1300 BC)
    • Moses lead people out of Egypt
    • Settled in Promised Land (Land of Canaan)
    • example of “legislation” in the ancient
    • world
    • 5. “Honor your father and your mother…”
    • 6. “You shall not murder.”
    • 8. “You shall not steal.”
    • Placed in Ark of the Covenent
  24. Hebrew Religion
    • monotheistic
    • YHWH (Yahweh)
    • Tabernacles
    • Ark of the Covenent
    • Torah (aka the Pentateuch) ("law") first 5 books of bible
  25. Israelite History: The United Monarchy (ca. 1020-928 BC)
    • Judah tribe
    • greatest king of Israel was David (r. 1004-965 BC)
    • Jerusalem Capital
    • King Solomon (son of David) built first Temple in Jerusalem
  26. Israelite History: The Divided Kingdom (928-722 BC)
    • Kingdom of Isreal (northern) fell first
    • Later Judah by Nebuchadnezzar
  27. The Persian Empire (559-331 BC)
    • Persian King Cyrus the Great (r. 559-530 BC) conquered the Medes
    • Greatest empire world has seen yet
  28. The Persian Army
    • 300,000 soldiers
    • 10,000 Immortals
    • 1st great navy
  29. The Persian King
    • monarchical ruler "the King of Kings"
    • khvarna "kindly glory"
  30. Governing the Persian Empire
    • “ruling with a velvet glove.”
    • twenty regions called “satrapies,” and two of its capitals were Susa and Persepolis
    • “Royal Road” 1600 miles
    • Aramaic language
  31. Persian Religion
    “Zoroastrianism” light vs. evil