feasible; something that can be done; something that is not too difficult,
challenging, or impossible
* My plane lands at 1:00 p.m., so it’s not doable to hold the meeting at 1:30.
enemy; someone whom one cannot beat or outcompete; someone
who creates problems for another person
* Growing up, the two brothers always viewed each other as their nemesis, but
now that they’re adults, they’re very close.
to say that something is not good enough or that it has problems; to
be critical of something; to point out the disadvantages or negative aspects of
* A lot of people are criticizing the company’s expansion plans, saying that it
would be better for the company to remain small.
a strategy or actions for protecting oneself and not letting another
person or team win an advantage
* Yes, the project was terrible, but in her defense, it wasn’t her idea. She was just
anxious to avoid criticism and quickly explain why something isn’t
* Jerry gets very defensive when someone criticizes his writing style.
input; information about how good something is or whether others
* Please fill out the evaluation form. We’ll use your feedback to continue
improving our conferences in the future.
hesitation; a reason for not wanting to do something, or for
hesitating before deciding to do something
* Is it normal to have some reservations about getting married?
* Some of the figures were wrong, but overall, he seems to understand the
to create, develop, or calculate something, but
usually a first draft, without much revision
* Please show us the ads you’ve worked up so far, even though they aren’t
to worked (something) up
to discuss or deal with something; to handle something; to speak
directly about a particular problem or situation
* Customer service representatives must be trained to address many types of
to become very stubborn and refuse to change one’s
opinion or decision, even though other people would like one to
* The cashier dug in his heels and refused to give the customer a refund after the
customer became angry and started shouting.
to dig in (one’s) heels
to do something that makes another person feel less mad or angry,
and meets his or her needs or addresses his or her concerns, even though one
thinks it should not be necessary
* The politician tried to placate the reporters by giving them more detailed
a strategy used to make something happen later than it
normally would; something that one does to gain more time before something
* We tried to distract the important visitors with a tour of the office as a delaying
tactic until the person they had come to meet returned to the office.
how long someone can concentrate on a particular topic or
thing without becoming distracted and beginning to think about something else
* Most audiences have a very short attention span, so professional speakers are
taught to keep their speeches brief.
a person who suffers from a crime, problem, or action; the person who
is hurt by something or someone
* Sometimes victims don’t want to go to court because they are afraid of the
person who hurt them.