health

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Anonymous
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3075
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health
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2009-12-14 20:54:23
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medical terminology
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medical terminology
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  1. What type of surgeon performs spinal injury surgery?
    neurosurgeon
  2. Parenteral administration excludes:
    A) intramuscular
    B) intravenous
    C) through the digestive tract
    D) subcutaneous
    C) through the digestive tract
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. What does opthamology mean?
    Study of the eye and its diseases
  4. What does endo mean?
    Inside
  5. Which are the two languages from which most medical language is derived?
    Latin and Greek
  6. What does odont/o mean?
    tooth
  7. Which of the following does not have a suffix meaning pertaining to?
    A) dermal
    B) cardiac
    C) neuron
    D) plastic
    C) neuron
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. What is the name of an ear, nose and throat specialist?
    otolaryngologist
  9. Which of these terms describes substances that readily permit the passage of x-rays?
    A) radiation
    B) radiological
    C) radiolucent
    D) radiopaque
    C) radiolucent
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. Spell correctly the plural form of the term "petechia"
    petechiae
  11. What does calcipenia mean?
    a deficiency of calcium
  12. What does chiroplasty mean?
    Surgical repair of the hand
  13. What does edema mean?
    the presence of abnormally large amounts of fluid in the tissues
  14. Spell correctly the term that means discharge from the ear.
    otorrhea
  15. What does osteoid mean?
    Resembling bone
  16. What is the name of the instrument that projects an x-ray image on a screen i order for the radiologist to view the activity of an organ in real time?
    fluroscope
  17. Spell correctly the term that means examination of the eye.
    ophthalmoscopy
  18. What is the term for objective evidence of an illness or disordered function?
    sign
  19. Spell correctly the term that means excision of a gland.
    adenectomy
  20. Spell correctly the term that means predicted outcome of a disease.
    prognosis
  21. Spell correctly the term that means cramp or twitching.
    spasm
  22. Spell correctly the term that means instrument used to record the electrical impulses of the heart.
    electrocardiograph
  23. Spell correctly the term that means swelling of the eyelid.
    blepharedema
  24. What is the surgical crushing of a nerve?
    neurotripsy
  25. Which term means the opening into the trachea through which a tube may be inserted?
    A) tracheotome
    B) tracheoplasty
    C) tracheotomy
    D) tracheostomy
    D) tracheostomy
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  26. Loosening of adhesions surrounding a nerve
    neurolysis
  27. What is a phagocyte?
    A) any cell that can ingest and destroy particulate substances
    B) red blood cell
    C) white blood cell
    D) any substance that can destroy a cell
    A) any cell that can ingest and destroy particulate substances
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  28. Which combining form is not matched with the correct color?
    A) melan/o = black
    B) erythr/o = red
    C) alb/o = white
    D) xanth/o = green
    D) xanth/o = green
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  29. Which of the following is a verb that means to destroy red blood cells and cause them to release hemoglobin?
    A) hemolyze
    B) hemolysin
    C) hemolysis
    D) hemolytic
    A) hemolyze
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  30. Which of the following is true of the term antineoplastics?
    A) it means medications that are used to treat neoplasms
    B) it may represent a malignant tumor
    C) it means a new growth of tissues
    D) it may represent a benign tumor
    A) it means medications that are used to treat neoplasms
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  31. What does pathogenic mean?
    A) any disease caused by infectious organisms
    B) any agent or microorganism that caused disease
    C) the study of disease
    D) capable of causing disease
    D) capable of causing disease
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  32. Spell correctly the one word that means treatment of disease with drugs.
    pharmacotherapy
  33. Which term means an instrument to measure the head?
    A) cephalometer
    B) encephalometer
    C) cephalometry
    D) encephalometry
    A) cephalometer
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  34. Which term means characterized by or producing a loss of feeling?
    A) anesthesia
    B) anesthetic
    C) analgesic
    D) neuromuscular junction
    B) anesthetic
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  35. Spell correctly the word that means prolaps of the eyelids.
    blepharoptosis
  36. Spell correctly the term that means red blood cells.
    erythrocytes
  37. Spell correctly a word that means any disease of a gland.
    adenopathy
  38. Spell correctly the word that means a drug that relieves pain.
    analgesic
  39. In which type of injection is the hypodermic needle placed into the tissue beneath the skin?
    A) intradermal
    B) subcutaneous
    C) intramuscular
    D) intravenous
    B) subcutaneous
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  40. What does para- mean?
    A) freely
    B) out, without, or away from
    C) inside
    D) near, beside, or abnormal
    D) near, beside or abnormal
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  41. What does the prefix in addiction mean?
    A) through
    B) to draw toward
    C) to carry away
    D) to draw away from a given position
    B) to draw toward
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  42. Which of the following terms does not contain a prefix that relates to position or direction?
    A) postnasal
    B) addiction
    C) precancerous
    D) abduct
    C) precancerous
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  43. Which of the following terms does not contain a prefix that relates to position or direction?
    A) perspiration
    B) circumference
    C) enclose
    D) anhydrous
    D) anhydrous
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  44. Spell correctly the term that means underdeveloped external ear.
    microtia
  45. Spell correctly the term that means wound or injury
    trauma
  46. Spell correctly the term that means located above the kidney.
    suprarenal
  47. Which term means a set of symptoms that occur together and characterize a particular disease or condition?
    A) syndrome
    B) tachyphasia
    C) dysphoria
    D) symptomatic
    A) syndrome
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  48. Which term means affecting the same side of the body?
    A) homeostasis
    B) mediolateral
    C) ipsilateral
    D) contralateral
    C) ipsilateral
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  49. Spel correctly the term that means double vision.
    diplopia
  50. Spell correctly the term for abnormally slow speech.
    bradyphasia
  51. How does a midsagittal plane divide the body?
    A) upper and lower portions
    B) equal right and left halves
    C) front and back portions
    D) unequal right and left portions
    B) equal right and left halves
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  52. In which technique does the examiner use the hands to feel the texture, size, consistency, and location of a certain body part?
    A) palpation
    B) auscultation
    C) percussion
    D) inspection
    A) palpation
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  53. The combining form encephal/o means:
    A) head
    B) spine
    C) brain
    D) skull
    C) brain
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  54. To what does somatic refer?
    A) an unright position
    B) the body
    C) movement
    D) overgrowth of a part
    B) the body
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  55. What does acrocyanosis mean?
    A) an overall blue condition of the body
    B) a blue discoloration of the skin
    C) a blue color of the extremities
    D) a blue appearance of the face
    C) a blue color of the extremities
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  56. What is another term for fever?
    A) pyrogen
    B) pyrexia
    C) ascites
    D) somesthetic
    B) pyrexia
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  57. What is the term for the region that lies on each side of the unbilical region?
    A) hypogastric
    B) lumbar
    C) epigastric
    D) inguinal
    B) lumbar
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  58. To what does somatopsychic pertain?
    A) unusual psychic ability
    B) the hands and feet
    C) the mind and body
    D) sluggish muscular contraction
    C) the mind and body
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  59. What is another name for a dactylogram?
    A) encephalogram
    B) fingerprint
    C) brain disorder
    D) diagnostic blood test
    B) fingerprint
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  60. Spell correctly the term that means rotation of a joint that allows the hand or foot to turn downward.
    pronation
  61. Which aspect is facing forward when the body is in anatomic position?
    A) posterior
    B) dorsal
    C) anterior
    D) medial
    C) anterior
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  62. Which is not true of abdominal paracentesis?
    A) it is sometimes done to remove ascites
    B) it involves surgical puncture of the abdomen
    C) it is the same as abdominocentesis
    D) it may be used to remove fluid from the chest cavity
    D) it may be used to remove fluid from the chest cavity
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  63. Which is the same as the coronal plane?
    A) frontal
    B) posterior
    C) sagittal
    D) transverse
    A) frontal
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  64. Which of the following is a heart tracing that is sent by phone?
    A) electroencephalograph
    B) telecardiogram
    C) telencephalogram
    D) electrocardiograph
    B) telecardiogram
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  65. Spell correctly the term for the technique in which the examiner listens for sounds within the body using a stethoscope.
    auscultation
  66. Spell correctly the term for the disorder characterized by enlargement of the extremities.
    acromegaly
  67. Which of the following terms pertains to the large internal organs of the body?
    A) lumbar
    B) cranial
    C) peritoneal
    D) visceral
    D) visceral
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  68. Which term means lying down?
    A) prone
    B) supine
    C) ambulant
    D) recumbent
    B) supine
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  69. Which term means lying horizontal with the face downward?
    A) supination
    B) prone
    C) pronation
    D) supine
    B) prone
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  70. Spell correctly the term that means from back to front.
    posteroanterior
  71. Which term means situated in the middle of the underside?
    A) mediolateral
    B) inferomedian
    C) inferosuperior
    D) mediosuperior
    B) inferomedian
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  72. Which term means the abnormal development of tissues or organs?
    A) antipyretic
    B) ascites
    C) inferomedian
    D) dysplasia
    D) dysplasia
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  73. Spell correctly the term for a record produced by electrical impulses of the brain.
    electroencephalogram
  74. Spell correctly the verb that describes the action of a hemolysin
    hemolyze
  75. What does hypochromia mean?
    A) a condition in which the erythrocytes have increased hemoglobin content.
    B) absence of color in the urine
    C) a condition in which the erythrocytes have reduced hemoglobin content.
    D) causing pigment or color
    C) a condition in which the erythrocytes have reduced hemoglobin content.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  76. What is the term for the presence of irregularly shaped erythrocytes in the blood?
    A) poikilocytosis
    B) spherocytosis
    C) isotonicity
    D) anisocytosis
    A) poikilocytosis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  77. Where is the hemoglobin normally located?
    A) in the plasma only
    B) in the buffy coat only
    C) in all parts of the blood
    D) in the erythrocytes only
    D) in the erythrocytes only
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  78. Spell the name of the liquid part of blood that has been treated with an anticoagulatant.
    plasma
  79. Which of the following is a general intoxication of the body due to absorption of bacterial toxins?
    A) cytotoxicity
    B) atoxic
    C) toxiod
    D) toxemia
    D) toxemia
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  80. Which of the following is a nonspecific defense mechanism?
    A) b-lymphocytes
    B) t-lymphocytes
    C) complement
    D) antibody-mediated immunity
    C) complement
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  81. Which of the following is an adjective that means capable of dissolving a thrombus?
    A) thrombolytic
    B) thrombolysis
    C) thrombolyse
    D) thrombolysin
    A) thrombolytic
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  82. Spell correctly the term for relative constancy in the body's internal environment.
    homeostasis
  83. Which of the following means the destruction of red blood cells with the liberation of hemoglobin that diffuses into the fluid surrounding the red cells?
    A) thrombolysis
    B) globulinogenesis
    C) hemolysis
    D) erythropoiesis
    C) hemolysis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  84. What is erythropoiesis?
    A) production of erythrocytes
    B) a deficiency of hemoglobin in the erythrocytes
    C) the presence of abnormal erythrocytes
    D) destruction of the blood, specificall the erythrocytes
    A) production of erythrocytes
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  85. Spell correctly the term that means the stoppage of blood flow by coagulation or surgical means
    hemostasis
  86. Spell correctly the term for a reduction in the number of red blood cells, hemoglobin, or both red blood cells and hemoglobin.
    anemia
  87. Spell correctly the medical term that means pertaining to illnesses developing without a known cause.
    idiopathic
  88. Spell correctly the word that means exaggerated, life-threatening hypersensitivity reactions.
    anaphylaxis
  89. spell correctly the medical term that means any disease or disorder of coagulation
    coagulopathy
  90. Spell correctly the medical term that means a condition in which erythrocytes are not of equal size
    anisocytosis
  91. the term angiectomy means:
    A) cutting into a vessel
    B) incision of a blood vessel
    C) excision of a blood vessel
    D) making a new opening in a blood vessel
    C) excision of a blood vessel
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  92. What does occlusion mean?
    A) obstruction
    B) blood clot
    C) heart attach
    D) swelling
    A) obstruction
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  93. What is a coronary thrombosis?
    A) a myocardial infarction
    B) closing off of a coronary artery
    C) narrowing of the lumen of a blood vessel
    D) a formation of a blood clot in an artery that supplies blood to the myocardium
    D) formation of a blood clot in an artery that supplies blood to the myocardium
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  94. What is the record produced by ultrasonography of the heart?
    A) an electrocardiogram
    B) a sonogram
    C) a tomogram
    D) an echocardiogram
    D) an echocardiogram
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  95. What is the term for an abnormally low circulating blood volume?
    A) hypotension
    B) hemopericardium
    C) hemorrhae
    D) hypovolemia
    D) hypovolemia
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  96. Spell correctly the term that means absence of a heart beat; cardiac arrest
    asystole
  97. Spell correctly the term that means increased blood pressure
    hypertension
  98. Spell correctly the term that means contraction of the heart
    systole
  99. Spell correctly the term meaning insufficient blood flow to an area of the body
    ischemia
  100. Spell correctly the term that means a localized dilation or balloning out of the wall of a blood vessel.
    aneurysm
  101. Spell correctly the term that means relaxation of the ventricles
    diastole
  102. spell correctly the term for excision of the adenoids
    adenoidectomy
  103. Which term could be considered the same meaning as angiectasis?
    A) vasostomy
    B) vasodilation
    C) angiorrhexis
    D) angiorrhaphy
    B) vasodilation
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  104. Spell correctly the term for a procedure to surgically correct an atrial septal defect.
    atrioseptoplasty
  105. Spell correctly the term that means pertaining to the membrane that surrounds the heart
    pericardial
  106. Spell correctly the term for a life-threatening condition in which there is inadequate blood flow to the body's tissues, usually associated with inadequate cardiac output, hypotension, and tissue damage.
    shock
  107. Spell correctly the term for a localized area of damaged tissue resulting from anoxia.
    infarct
  108. Spell correctly the term that means narrowing.
    stenosis
  109. Aplasia means a lack of the following?
    A) formation
    B) speech
    C) voice
    D) breathing
    A) formation
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  110. The nasolacrimal duct is a tubular passageway between what two structures?
    A) ear and throat
    B) eye and nose
    C) throat and lungs
    D) ear and nose
    B) eye and nose
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  111. What is a chronic dilation of the bronchi accompanied by infection?
    a) bronchiectasis
    b) bronchopathy
    c) bronchiolitis
    d) bronchoscopy
    bronchiectasis
  112. What is pleurisy?
    A) inflammation of the membrane that surrounds the lungs and lines the walls of the chest cavity
    B) a morbid softening of the lungs
    C) engorgement of the pulmonary vessels with escape of fluid
    D) effusion of fluid into the air spaces and tissue spaces of the lungs.
    A) inflammation of the membrane that surrounds the lungs and lines the walls of the chest cavity
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  113. What is the location of the oropharynx?
    A) behind the larynx
    B) behind the mouth
    C) behind the trachea
    D) behind the nose
    B) behind the mouth
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  114. Which of the following is not a form of pneumoconiosis?
    A) asbestosis
    B) anthracosis
    C) phrenoptosis
    D) silicosis
    C) phrenoptosis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  115. What is the name of the respiratory disorder characterized by destruction of the alveolar walls?
    A) hemoptysis
    B) aplasia
    C) emphysema
    D) bronchitis
    A) emphysema
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  116. What is the term for loss of acid by the body, such as may occur in hyperventilation?
    A) alkalosis
    B) acid-base compensation
    C) acid-base balance
    D) acidosis
    A) alkalosis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  117. Which of the following means an absence or deficiency of oxygen in body tissues?
    A) hyperoxemia
    B) aplasia
    C) anoxia
    D) hyperplasia
    C) anoxia
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  118. What is the term of the instrument that measures the amount of air taken in and expelled from the lungs?
    spirometer
  119. Where is the tube inserted in an endotracheal intubation?
    A) mouth into the throat
    B) abdominal wall
    C) mouth or nose into the windpipe
    D) chest wall
    C) mouth or nose into the windpipe
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  120. Which of the following terms does not mean excision of all or part of the lung?
    A) pulmenectomy
    B) pleurectomy
    C) pneumonectomy
    D) pneumectomy
    B) pleurectomy
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  121. Spell correctly the term that means hoarseness
    dysphonia
  122. Spell correctly the term that means airlessness of a lung
    atelectasis
  123. Spell correctly the term that means normal breathing
    eupnea
  124. Spell correctly the term that means absence of speech
    aphasia
  125. Which term means inflammation of the lid-like structure that coverst he larynx during the swallowing of food?
    A) epiglottis
    B) glottitis
    C) epiglottitis
    D) laryngitis
    C) epiglottitis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  126. Spell correctly the term for the disease commonly known as whooping cough.
    pertussis
  127. Spell correctly the term for the condition marked by recurrent attacks of dypnea and wheezing.
    asthma
  128. spell correctly the term for inflammation of the small branches of the bronchi
    bronchiolitis
  129. Spell correctly the term for spitting up of blood
    hemoptysis
  130. Which term means the same as nosebleed?
    A) rhinilitis
    B) rhinorrhea
    C) epistaxis
    D) rhinolithiasis
    C) epistaxis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  131. Spell correctly the term for an agent that relieves or prevents cough.
    antitussive
  132. Spell correctly the term that means runny nose.
    rhinorrhea
  133. Which term means the sense of smell?
    A) lacrimation
    B) nasal
    C) rhinitis
    D) olfaction
    D) olfaction
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  134. Spell correctly the term that means paralysis of the voice box.
    laryngoplegia
  135. spell correctly the two word term for the effusion of fluid into the air spaces and tissue spaces of the lungs.
    pulmonary edema
  136. Which is not true of pyorrhea?
    A) it involves the gingiva
    B) it is a periodontal disease
    C) it involves the tissue that invests and supports the teeth
    D) it is decay of the soft tissue inside the tooth
    D) it is the decay of the soft tissue inside the tooth
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  137. What is cholecystitis?
    a) inflammation of the gall bladder
    b) inflammation of the liver
    c) infection of the pancreatic duct
    d) infection of the submaxillary salivary gland
    inflammation of the gall bladder
  138. What is stagnation of the normal movement of food in the intestinal tract called?
    A) enterostasis
    B) peristalsis
    C) peptic ulcer
    D) duodenitis
    A) enterostasis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  139. Which is a condition characterized by splitting of the lips and angles of the mouth?
    A) gingovostomatitis
    B) cheilosis
    C) stomatomycosis
    D) glossopharyngitis
    B) cheilosis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  140. Spell the term for masses of dilated varicose veins in the anal canal
    hemorrhoids
  141. Which means surgical formation of an opening into the common bile duct through the abdominal wall?
    A) choledochostomy
    B) cholecystostomy
    C) gastroenterostomy
    D) esophagoduodenostomy
    A) choledochostomy
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  142. Spell the term for surgical fixation of the stomach
    gastropexy
  143. Which of the following means the presence of a calculus in the salivary ducts or glands?
    A) stricture
    B) cholelithiasis
    C) peristalsis
    D) sialolithiasis
    D) sialolithiasis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  144. Spell the term for vomiting blood
    hematemesis
  145. Spell the term that means the prolapse of one part of the intestines into the lumen of an immediately adjoining part.
    intussusception
  146. spell the term that means excessive sugar in the blood
    hyperglycemia
  147. spell the term that means normal or good digestion
    eupepsia
  148. Which of the following tests is used to detect occult blood?
    A) phosphatase
    B) lipids
    C) cholesterol
    D) guaiac
    D) guaiac
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  149. Which of the following words is another name for the gastrointestinal system?
    A) gastrourinary system
    B) peritoneal tract
    C) cardiogastric system
    D) alimentary tract
    D) alimentary tract
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  150. Which of the following words means the same as a mucous membrane?
    A) mucoid
    B) mucoprotein
    C) mucus
    D) mucosa
    D) mucosa
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  151. Spell the term that means a congenital absence or closure of a normal body orifice.
    atresia
  152. Spell correctly the term for inflammation of a salivary gland
    sialadenitis
  153. Spell the term for forming a new opening between the stomach and the tube that leads to the stomach.
    esophagogastrostomy
  154. Spell the term for any disease of the tongue
    glossopathy
  155. Which term means an opening created by surgical, traumatic, or pathological means between two normally distinct organs or spaces?
    A) adhesion
    B) anastomosis
    C) anus
    D) bolus
    B) anastomosis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  156. Spell the term for excision of the gallbladder
    cholecystectomy
  157. Which term means cutting of certain nerves to reduce the amount of acid in the stomach?
    A) cheilorrhaphy
    B) vagotomy
    C) sphincterotomy
    D) atresia
    B) vagotomy
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  158. spell the term for an appetite-surpressing drug
    anorexiant
  159. Which term means pertaining to a new, abnormal growth?
    A) macrodontia
    B) hepatoma
    C) precancerous
    D) neoplastic
    D) neoplastic
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  160. spell the term for a general feeling of ill health
    malaise
  161. spell the singular form of the medical term for distended, swollen, knotted veins.
    varix
  162. In a kidney transplant, what is the name of the surgery in which the donated kidney is surgically removed from the donor?
    A) nephrotomy
    B) nephroplasty
    C) nephropathy
    D) nephrectomy
    D) nephrectomy
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  163. Spell the term that means suture of a ureter
    ureterorrhaphy
  164. Spell the term that means stricture or narrowing of the urethra
    urethrostenosis
  165. Which of the following means surgical connection of one ureter to the other?
    A) transureteroureterostomy
    B) uretectomy
    C) ureterostomy
    D) hydroureter
    A) transureteroureterostomy
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  166. Spell the term that means resection of the bladder
    cystectomy
  167. Which of the following occurs when the tissues supporting the kidney are weakened by sudden strain or a blow?
    A) glomerulonephritis
    B) nephrolithiasis
    C) nephroptosis
    D) abdominocystic carcinoma
    C) nephroptosis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  168. Spell the term that means inflammation of the bladder
    cystitis
  169. Spell the term that means hardening of the kidney
    nephrosclerosis
  170. Spell the term that meansdistention of the kidney with urine, resulting from obstruction of a ureter
    hydronephrosis
  171. Spell the term that means a toxic condition associated with renal insufficiency and produced by the retention in the blood of nitrogenous substances normally excreted by the kidney.
    uremia
  172. Spell the term that means any disease of the filtering part of the kidney.
    glomerulopathy
  173. Spell the term that means herniation of the bladder
    cystocele
  174. Spell the term for surgical fixation of the kidney to correct nephroptosis
    nephropexy
  175. Spell the term for pus in the urine
    pyuria
  176. Spell the term for paralysis of the bladder
    cystoplegia
  177. Spell the term for nocturnal bedwetting
    enuresis
  178. Spell the term for instrument useo examine the interior of the bladder
    cystoscope
  179. Which term means surgical excision of a kidney and its ureter?
    A) nephroureterectomy
    B) nephrolithotomy
    C) transureteroureterostomy
    D) ureterostomy
    A) nephroureterectomy
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  180. Spell the term for blood in the urine
    hematuria
  181. In which of the following procedures is it psible to remove the uterus without incision of the abdominal wall?
    A) colpohysterectomy
    B) oophorohysterectomy
    C) laparohysterectomy
    D) oophorosalpingohysterectomy
    A) colpohysterectomy
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  182. What is a hydrocele?
    A) enlargement of the prostate gland
    B) herniation of the bladder, resulting in diuresis
    C) a collection of fluid, especially in the scrotum
    D) the same as a prostatocele
    C) a collection of fluid, especially in the scrotum
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  183. What is orchiotomy?
    A) suture of a testis
    B) removal of a testicle
    C) incision and drainage of a testicle
    d) none of the above
    C) incision and drainage of a testicle
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  184. What is surgically removed in a circumcision?
    A) prostate
    B) prepuce
    C) glans penis
    D) testes
    B) prepuce
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  185. What is the term for an unusual condition in which tissue more or less resembling endometrium is present in abnormal locations usually within the abdominal cavity?
    A) endometritis
    B) abdominal hysterectomy
    C) ectopic pregnancy
    D) endometriosis
    D) endometriosis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  186. What is the term for inflammation of the muscular substance of the uterus?
    A) endometritis
    B) muscularitis
    C) myometritis
    D) serositis
    C) myometritis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  187. Which of the following is a grave condition of pregnancy-induced high blood pressure?
    A) salpingocyesis
    B) eclampsia
    C) hypertension
    D) pseudopregnancy
    B) eclampsia
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  188. Which of the following is likely to result in loss of blood supply to a testicle?
    A) toxic shock syndrome
    B) condyloma acuminatum
    C) vasostomy
    D) testicular torsion
    D) testicular torsion
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  189. Which of the following terms involves inflammation of a testicle?
    A) orchiepididymitis
    B) testosterone
    C) orchidalgia
    D) oophoritis
    A) orchiepididymitis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  190. Spell the two word term for the condition called hemolytic disease of the newborn.
    erythroblastosis fetalis
  191. Spell the term that means constriction of the prepuce at the opening so that it cannot be retracted over the glans penis
    phimosis
  192. Spell the term that means anastomosis of the ends of the severed vas deferens
    vasovasostomy
  193. Spell the two word term that means premature detachment of a placenta
    abruptio placentae
  194. Which term means constricting, severing, or crushing both uterine tubes?
    A) salpingoplasty
    B) tubal ligation
    C) hysterectomy
    D) salpingorrhaphy
    B) tubal ligation
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  195. Spell the term for the condition that is corrected by hysteropexy
    hysteroptosis
  196. Spell the term for surgical fixation of an ovary
    oophoropexy
  197. Spell the term that means outside the usual place
    ectopic
  198. Spell the term for undescended testicle
    cryptorchidism
  199. Dystrophy means any disorder arising from which of the following?
    A) painful movement
    B) poor muscular coordination
    C) poor nutrition
    D) difficult movement
    C) poor nutrition
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  200. Osteoarthropathy means any disease of what structures?
    A) bones and joints
    B) bones and cartilage
    C) joints and cartilage
    D) bones and associated cartilage and joints
    A) bones and joints
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  201. What are metatarsals?
    A) bones of the ankle
    B) bones of the wrist
    C) bones between the wrist and the fingers
    D) bones between the ankle and the toes
    D) bones between ankle and the toes
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  202. What does tarsoptosis mean?
    A) prolapse of the ankle
    B) fracture of the wrist
    C) prolapse of the wrist
    D) fracture of the ankle
    A) prolapse of the ankle
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  203. What does vertebrochondral pertain to?
    A) rachioslerosis
    B) vertebrae and adjacent ribs
    C) vertebrae and adjacent cartilage
    D) hardening of the bones of the spine
    C) vertabrae and adjacent cartilage
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  204. What is ankylosing spondylitis?
    A) a form of rheumatoid arthritis that affects the spine
    B) deviation in the curvature of the spine
    C) a joint disease characterized by osteosclerosis
    D) stiffening of the joints of the fingers or toes
    A) a form of rheumatoid arthritis that affects the spine
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  205. What is arthroclasia?
    A) artificial breaking of a stiff joint to provide movement
    B) joint disease in which overgrowth of bone reduces the space in the joint cavity
    C) extraction of fluid from a joint, using a needle
    D) an abnormal condition in which the joint is immobile
    A) artificial breaking of a stiff joint to provide movement
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  206. What is being repaired in tenomyoplasty?
    A) muscles and tendons
    B) joints and tendons
    C) bones and associated joints
    D) ligaments and tendons
    A) muscles and tendons
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  207. What is meant by a herniated disk?
    A) protrusion of the spinal cord through a defect in the spinal column
    B) morbid softening of the skull
    C) rupture of cartilage between adjoining vertebrae
    D) a ballooning out of the wall of a vessel
    C) rupture of cartilage between adjoining vertebrae
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  208. What is sternoschisis?
    A) sternal puncture for obtaining bone marrow samples
    B) any morbid softening of the sternum
    C) excision of a rib from where it is attached to the breastbone
    D) congenital fissure of the breastbone
    D) congenital fissure of the breastbone
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  209. What term means any disease of the joints?
    A) chrondropathy
    B) bursopathy
    C) arthropathy
    D) osteopathy
    C) arthropathy
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  210. Spell the term that means suture of a muscle
    myorrhaphy
  211. Spell the term that means excision of a segment of the skull
    craniectomy
  212. Spell the term that means a decrease in size of an organ or tissue
    atrophy
  213. Spell the term for the procedure used to record the response of a muscle to electrical stimulation
    electromyography
  214. Spell the term for the joint inflammatory condition that is also called degenerative joint disease
    osteoarthritis
  215. Spell the term for surgical immobilization of the spine
    spondylosyndesis
  216. Spell the term for rotation that turns the palm of the hand backward
    pronation
  217. Spell the term for muscle weakness
    myasthenia
  218. Spell the term for inflammation of the bone including the marrow
    osteomyelitis
  219. Spell the term for excision of the tailbone
    coccygectomy
  220. Spell the term for an instrument used to cut bone
    osteotome
  221. Spell the term for an agent that alleviates pain of the joints
    antiarthritic
  222. Spell the term for a hereditary metabolic disease resulting from hyperuricemia and is also a form of acute arthritis
    gout
  223. Spell the term for a condition in which the joint is stiff
    ankylosis
  224. Spell the term for a benign cystic mass occuring on a tendon, sometimes on the back of a wrist
    ganglion
  225. Spell the term for pertaining to the heelbone
    calcaneal
  226. Spell the term for fusion of a joint
    arthrodesis
  227. Spell the term for between the shoulderblades
    interscapular
  228. Difficult, poorly articulated speech, usually caused by damage to a central or peripheral motor nerve is called
    A) dysphasia
    B) dysarthria
    C) cephalalgia
    D) aphasia
    B) dysarthria
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  229. Spell the term that means on or outside the dura mater
    epidural
  230. Spell the term that means surgical creation of a communication between the nasal cavity and the lacrimal sac
    dacryocystorhinostomy
  231. Spell the term for an acute viral disease that attacks the gray matter of the spinal cord and parts of the brain
    poliomyelitis
  232. Spell the term for an irrational fear of heights
    acrophobia
  233. Spell the term for any disease involving the brain and spinal cord
    encephalomyelopathy
  234. Spell the term for a hernial protrusion of parts of the meninges and spinal cord through a defect in the vertebral column
    meningomyelocele
  235. What is the term for a brief interruption of blood flow to the brain that sometimes precedes a stroke?
    A) thrombolitic embolus
    B) narcolepsy
    C) transient ischemic attack
    D) epilepsy
    C) transient ischemic attack
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  236. Where is the mass of blood located in a subdural hematoma?
    A) between the spinal cord and its bony encasement
    B) within the bone marrow
    C) within the spinal canal
    D) between two of the meninges
    D) between two of the meninges
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  237. Which of the following is the term for inflammation of the mucous membrane that forms the lining of the eye?
    A) scleritis
    B) retinitis
    C) conjunctivitis
    D) blepharitis
    C) conjunctivitis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  238. Which of the following terms means radiology of the spinal cord after injection of a contrast medium into the submarachnoid space
    A) arachnography
    B) myelogram
    C) arachnograph
    D) myelography
    D) myelography
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  239. Spell the term that means paralysis of one side of the body
    hemiplegia
  240. Spell the term for a condition in which cerebrospinal fluid accumulates in the skull
    hydrocephalus
  241. Spell the term for an instrument to test hearing
    audiometer
  242. Spell the term for an opacity on or in the lens or capsule of the eye, often impairing vision or causing blindness
    cataract
  243. Spell the term for loosening of adhesions surrounding a nerve or destruction of a nerve
    neurolysis
  244. Spell the term meaning within the spinal canal
    intrathecal
  245. Spell the term that means recording the electrical activity of the brain
    electroencephalography
  246. Spell the term for any condition that renders a particular treatment improper or undesirable
    contraindication
  247. Spell the term for hardening of the brain
    encephalosclerosis
  248. Spell the term that means incision of the lacrimal sac
    dacryocystotomy
  249. Heliotherapy is treatment that uses which of the following:
    A) exercise
    B) sunlight
    C) electrical current
    D) water
    B) sunlight
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  250. What does diaphoresis mean?
    a) tumor of a sweat gland
    b) excessive perspiration
    c) the breaking down of tissue by toxins
    d) a substance that is released by injured cells
    excessive perspiration
  251. Which irregularly shaped skin lesion is characteristic of hives?
    A) plaque
    B) macule
    C) papule
    D) wheal
    D) wheal
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  252. What does the term keratoma mean?
    A) tumor of a sweat gland
    B) a malignant neoplastic disease
    C) a horny growth
    D) tumor of a hair follicle
    C) a horny growth
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  253. What is another term for a boil?
    A) lipoma
    B) alopecia
    C) furuncle
    D) retinoid
    C) furuncle
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  254. What is onychomycosis?
    A) a condition in which there is lack of nourishment for the nail bed
    B) a profound disturbance in the thermoregulatory system
    C) a morbid softening of the nails or the nail bed
    D) a disease of the nails due to a fungus
    D) a disease of the nails due to a fungus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  255. What is pyogenesis?
    A) production of sweat
    B) origin of a fever?
    C) growth of nails
    D) formation of pus
    D) formation of pus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  256. What is the term for ulceration of tissue?
    A) erosion
    B) macule
    C) wheal
    D) vesicle
    A) erosion
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  257. What is urticaria?
    A) a skin ulceration caused by prolonged pressure
    B) an allergic skin reaction
    C) a skin disease characterized by dryness and scaliness
    D) an abnormal reaction of the skin to cold
    B) an allergic skin reaction
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  258. Which term means an abnormal growth of hair in an unusual place?
    A) trichophagy
    B) pili
    C) trichosis
    D) trichomania
    C) trichosis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  259. Spell the term that means physical sanding of the skin to remove tattoos or scars
    dermabrasion
  260. Spell the term that means inflammation of a sweat gland
    hidradenitis
  261. Spell the term that means any dry condition
    xerosis
  262. Spell the term that means removal of wrinkles and tightening of the skin of the face
    rhytidoplasty
  263. Spell the term that means redness or inflammation of the skin or mucous membranes
    erythema
  264. Spell the term that means greater than normal amount of bile pigment in the skin
    jaundice
  265. Spell the term that means a torn, jagged wound
    laceration
  266. Spell the term for tiny red or purple spots appearing on the skin as a result of tiny hemorrhages
    petechiae
  267. Spell the term for the type of treatment that uses cold temperatures.
    cryotherapy
  268. Spell the term for removal of foreign material and dead or contaminated tissue from an infected or traumatic lesion until surrounding healthy tissue is exposed
    debridement
  269. Spell the term for medicinal particles suspended in air or a gas
    aerosol
  270. Spell the term for a sharply elevated, irregularly shaped, progressively enlarging scar caused by excessive collagen during tissue repair
    keloid
  271. Spell the term for a highly metastatic, pigmentated neoplasm of the skin
    melanoma
  272. Spell the term for a falling away of tissue in layers
    exfoliation
  273. Spell the term for a benign, fatty tumor
    lipoma
  274. Spell the term that means through or across the skin
    transdermal / transcutaneous
  275. Spell another name for a wart
    verruca
  276. Why is the hypophysis so named?
    A) because it regulates many body processes
    B) because it grows under the cerebrum
    C) because it manufactures no hormones on its own
    D) because it secretes very few hormones
    B) because it grows under the cerebrum
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  277. Which of the following is the master gland?
    A) suprarenal
    B) adrenal
    C) gonad
    D) pituitary
    D) pituitary
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  278. What does the term goiter mean?
    A) an abnormal lump in the breast
    B) an enlarged thyroid
    C) a condition brought about by hypoinsulinism
    D) a condition brought about by hypoadrenalism
    B) an enlarged thyroid
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  279. Which type of gland has ducts and empties its secretion onto an internal or external surface?
    A) adrenal
    B) thyroid
    C) endocrine
    D) exocrine
    D) exocrine
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  280. What does hypogonadism mean?
    A) the condition that exists after gonads are removed
    B) a diseased condition of the gonads
    C) increased functional activity of the gonads
    D) decreased functional activity of the gonads
    D) decreased functional activity of the gonads
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  281. How does one refer to the organ or structure toward which the effects of a hormone are directed?
    A) a tarsus
    B) an adenohypophysis
    C) a target gland
    D) a varix
    C) a target gland
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  282. Hyperinsulinism results in which of the following?
    A) glycosuria
    B) polyuria
    C) hypoglycemia
    D) diabetes
    C) hypoglycemia
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  283. Which is the glandular lobe of the pituitary?
    A) adenochondroma
    B) neurohypophysis
    C) adenohypophysis
    D) neurilemma
    C) adenohypophysis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  284. Which hormone of the adenohypophysis does not stimulate another gland?
    A) adrenocorticotropin
    B) melanocyte stimulating hormone
    C) luteinizing hormone
    D) oxytocin
    B) melanocyte stimulating hormone
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  285. In which of the following ways do the adenohypophysis and neurohypophysis differ?
    A) neurohypophysis is the anterior lobe of the pituitary
    B) adenohypophysis is the posterior lobe of the pituitary
    C) adenohypophysis does not synthesize hormones
    D) neurohypophysis does not synthesize hormones
    D) neurohypophysis does not synthesize hormones
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  286. Somatotropin is produced by which of the following:
    A) adrenal glands
    B) pancreas
    C) thyroid
    D) pituitary
    D) pituitary
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  287. Spell the term that means producing masculine characteristics
    androgenic
  288. Spell the term for a condition of ill health, malnutrition and wasting
    cachexia
  289. Spell the term for abnormal hairiness
    hirsutism
  290. What causes myxedema?
    A) hyperadrenalism in children
    B) hypothyroidism in children
    C) hypothyroidism in adults
    D) hyperadrenalism in adults
    C) hypothyroidism in adults
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  291. Spell the term for the chemical secretions of the endocrine glands.
    hormones
  292. Which of the following has both an endocrine and exocrine function?
    A) adrenal glands
    B) thyroid
    C) pituitary
    D) pancreas
    D) pancreas
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  293. Spell the term for the condition caused by increased secretion of growth hormone in adults
    acromegaly
  294. Spell the term for the hormone that stimulates the body's growth.
    somatotropin
  295. Which of the following is a disorder that is caused by an inadequate secretion or release of antidiuretic hormone?
    A) hyperpituitarism
    B) diabetes insipidus
    C) pituitary cachexia
    D) diabetes mellitus
    B) diabetes insipidus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  296. Spell the term meaning excessive development of the male breast
    gynecomastia
  297. Which of the following can be caused by hyperpituitarism?
    A) pituitary cachexia
    B) cretinism
    C) dwarfism
    D) giantism
    D) giantism
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  298. Spell the term meaning cancer derived from glandular tissue
    adenocarcinoma
  299. Spell the term meaning increased blood calcium
    hypercalcemia
  300. Spell the term that means abnormal protrusion of the eyeball
    exophthalmos
  301. Spell the term that means any disease of the thyroid
    thryopathy
  302. Thyrotoxicosis is caused by which of the following?
    A) hypothyroidism
    B) goiter
    C) exophthalmos
    D) hyperthyroidism
    D) hyperthyroidism
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  303. Which of the following is a probable approach to treating hyperthyroidism?
    A) thyroxine
    B) throiditis
    C) thryotoxicosis
    D) thyroidectomy
    D) thyroidectomy
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)

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