unit 2 civics

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unit 2 civics
2015-09-09 16:04:50

unit 2 civics
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  1. amendment
    an alteration of or addition to a motion, bill, constitution, etc.
  2. anti-federalist
    a member or supporter of the Antifederal party.
  3. authoritarian
    favoring complete obedience or subjection to authority as opposed to individual freedo
  4. bicameral
    having two branches, chambers, or houses, as a legislative body.
  5. checks and balances
    limits imposed on all branches of a government by vesting in each branch the right to amend or void those acts of another that fall withinits purview.
  6. common law
    the law administered through the system of courts established for the purpose, as distinct from equity or admiralty.
  7. constitutional convention
    the convention in Philadelphia (1787) of representatives from each of the former Colonies, except Rhode Island, at which the Constitution ofthe United States was framed.
  8. democracy
    government by the people; a form of government in which the supreme power is vested in the people and exercised directly by themor by their elected agents under a free electoral system.
  9. direct democracy
    well-managed government run by the people.
  10. elastic clause
    a statement in the U.S. Constitution (Article I, Section 8) granting Congress the power to pass all laws necessary and proper for carryingout the enumerated list of powers.
  11. enlightenment
    the Enlightenment, a philosophical movement of the 18th century,characterized by belief in the power of human reason and by innovations in political, religious, and educational doctrine.
  12. federalism
    advocacy of the federal system of government.
  13. federalist
    an advocate of federalism.
  14. great compromise
    The Great Compromise of 1787 established a bicameral, or two-chambered, Congress made up of the Senate and House of Representatives.
  15. mercantilism
    mercantile practices or spirit; commercialism.
  16. monarchy
    a state or nation in which the supreme power is actually or nominally lodged in a monarch.
  17. natural right
    any right that exists by virtue of natural law.
  18. popular sovereignity
    Popular sovereignty deals with how political power is mandated and directed in a society and the resulting impact on the majority.
  19. representative democracy
    Representative democracy (also indirectdemocracy or psephocracy) is a variety of democracy founded on the principle of elected officials representing a group of people, as opposed to direct democracy.
  20. republic
    a state in which supreme power is held by the people and their elected representatives, and which has an elected or nominated president rather than a monarch.
  21. rule of law
    The rule of law is the legal principle that law should govern a nation, as opposed to being governed by arbitrary decisions of individual government officials.
  22. separation of powers
    an act of vesting the legislative, executive, and judicial powers of government in separate bodies.
  23. social contract
    the social contract or political contract is a theory or model, originating during the Age of Enlightenment, that typically addresses the questions of the origin of society and the legitimacy of the authority of the state over the individual.
  24. totalitarian
    relating to a system of government that is centralized and dictatorial and requires complete subservience to the state.
  25. unicameral
    having a single legislative chamber.