Biology Chapter 1

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abbiew
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307603
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Biology Chapter 1
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2015-09-10 01:08:40
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Bio one
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Principals of Biology Chapter One
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  1. Evolution
    change that has transformed life from its earliest beginning to the diversity today
  2. Biology
    Scientific study of life
  3. Characteristics of Life
    • Response to Environment
    • Order
    • Growth and Development
    • Energy Processing
    • Reproduction
    • Evolutionary Adaptation
    • Regulation
  4. ACRONYM for Characteristics of Life
    ROGERER
  5. 5 Themes of Biology
    • Evolution
    • Interactions
    • Energy and Matter
    • Information
    • Organization
  6. ACRONYM: 5 Themes of Biology
    E.I.E.I.O.
  7. Biological Organization
    • Biosphere
    • Ecosystem
    • Community
    • Population
    • Organism
    • System/Organ
    • Tissues
    • Cells
    • Organelles
    • Molecules
  8. ACRONYM: Biological Organization
    Brother Even Could Preach Over Satan Telling Christ Offered Miracles
  9. Biosphere
    all life on earth
  10. Ecosystem
    all life in a particular area
  11. Community
    array of organisms in a particular ecosystem
  12. Populations
    all individual species within bounds of an area
  13. Organism
    Individual living thing
  14. Organ System and Organ
    • systems consist of multiple organs
    • organs consist of multiple tissues
  15. Tissues
    group of cells working together to perform function
  16. Cells
    fundamental unit of structure and function
  17. Organelles
    functional components of cells
  18. Molecules
    Chemical structure of two or more atoms
  19. Redectionism
    complex systems to simpler
  20. Cell
    lowest level can still perform life
  21. Genes
    encode inför for molecules
  22. 4 Nucleotides and their pairs
    • Adenine-Thymine
    • Guanin-Cytosine
  23. Process of making a protein
    • DNA
    • Transcription (Thymine turn to URACIL)
    • mRNA
    • Translation
    • Chain of amino acids
    • Protein folding
    • Protein
  24. genome
    all genetic instructions
  25. genomics
    study of sets of instructions
  26. feedback regulation
    output regulates that very process
  27. negative feedback
    sends message to stop production
  28. Taxonomy
    names and classifies species into increasing breadth
  29. Father of taxonomy
    Carlos Llyneus (plant scientist)
  30. Taxonomy Rank
    • Domain
    • Kingdom
    • Phylum
    • Class
    • Order
    • Family
    • Genus
    • Species
  31. ACRONYM: Taxonomy rank
    Dumb King Phillip Came Over From German Soil
  32. Domains of Life
    • Bacteria
    • Archaea
    • Eukarya (plantae, fungi, animalia)
  33. Natural Selection and who
    • Charles Darwin!
    • Over time the adaptations prosper
  34. Inductive reasoning
    detail --> general
  35. Deductive reasoning
    general --> Detail
  36. Hypothesis must be...
    testable and falsifiable
  37. What is NOT science
    supernatural and religious
  38. theory
    broader, more general, supported by large body of evidence
  39. Goal of Science
    understand natural phenomena
  40. Goal of Technology
    apply scientific knowledge for specific purpose
  41. Structure of Necleotide
    • 5-carbon sugar
    • Phosphate group
    • Nitrogenous base

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