Biology Chapter 4

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Author:
abbiew
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307607
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Biology Chapter 4
Updated:
2015-09-10 01:03:12
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bio four
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Description:
Principles of Biology Chapter 4
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  1. Carbon
    backbone of life
  2. Organic Chemistry
    study of compound that contain carbon
  3. Structural isomer
    have different covalent arrangements of atoms
  4. Cis-trans isomer
    same covalent bonds, but different spatial arrangements
  5. Enantiomers
    mirror images of each other
  6. functional group
    components of organic molecules that are most commonly involved in chemical reactions
  7. 7 functional groups
    • Carbonyl
    • Carboxyl
    • Hydroxyl
    • Amino
    • Methyl
    • Phosphate
    • Sulfhydryl
  8. ACRONYM: 7 functional groups
    CCHAMPS
  9. Hydroxyl
    alcohol
  10. Carbonyl
    sugar
  11. carboxyl
    amino ACID
  12. amino
    AMINO acid
  13. sulfhydryl
    amino acid
  14. phosphate
    DNA
  15. Methyl
    many compounds
  16. Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)
    stores potential to react with water and release energy for cell
  17. Isomer
    compounds have same # of element but arranged different making it completely different

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