Anthropology Terms (Ch1)

Card Set Information

Anthropology Terms (Ch1)
2015-09-10 10:41:45
Based on: Serena Nanda, Richard L. Warms Culture Counts: A Concise Introduction to Cultural Anthropology 3rd Edition
Show Answers:

  1. Anthropology:
    Anthropology: The scientific and humanistic study of human beings encompassing the evolutionary history of humanity, physical variation among humans, the study of past societies, and the comparative study of current-day human societies and cultures.
  2. Applied anthropology:
    Applied anthropology: The application of anthropological knowledge to the solution of human problems
  3. Archaeology:
    Archaeology: The subdiscipline of anthropology that focuses on the study of past cultures based primarily on their material remains.
  4. Biological (or physical) anthropology:
    Biological (or physical) anthropology: The subdiscipline of anthropology that focuses on the study of people from a biological perspective, primarily on aspects of humankind that are genetically inherited.
  5. Cultural anthropology:
    Cultural anthropology: The study of human thought, behaviour, and lifeways that are learned rather than genetically transmitted and that are typical of groups of people.
  6. Cultural relativism:
    Cultural relativism: The idea that cultures should be analysed with reference to their own histories and values rather than according to the values of another culture.
  7. Culture:
    Culture: The learned behaviors and symbols that allow people to live in groups; the primary means by which humans adapt to their environment; the ways of life characteristic of a particular human society.
  8. Emic:
    Emic: Examination of societies using concepts, categories, and distinctions that are meaningful to members of those societies.
  9. Ethnocentrism:
    Ethnocentrism: Judging other cultures from the perspective on one’s own culture. The notion that one’s own culture is more beautiful, rational, and nearer to perfection than any other.
  10. Ethnography:
    Ethnography: The major research tool of cultural anthropology, including both fieldwork among people in a society and the written results of such fieldwork.
  11. Ethnology:
    Ethnology: The attempt to find general principles or laws that govern cultural phenomena through the comparison of cultures.
  12. Etic:
    Etic: Examination of societies using concepts, categories, and rules derived from science; an outsider’s perspective.
  13. Holism:
    Holism: In anthropology, an approach that considers the study of culture, history, language, and biology essential to a complete understanding of human society.
  14. Linguistic anthropology:
    Linguistic anthropology: The study of language and its relation to culture
  15. Society:
    Society: A group of people who depend on one another for survival or well-being as well as the relationships among such people including their statuses and roles.